The Name of Allaah: Al-Malik Al-Mulk (Part 13)
#6 – Because Allaah is Al-Malik, He should be obeyed
Allaah, Al-Malik (The King), to Him belongs the whole dominion. He disposes the affairs of the whole dominion with His three kinds of commands:
a) Legal Commands
b) Decreed Commands
Whenever Allaah decides a matter, what should the attitude of the servants be? We should obey Him. It is not for one to disobey Him or be reluctant. We should comply with the command immediately. This is exemplified in the “Story of the Cow” in Surat Al-Baqarah.
Continuation: Lessons from the Story of the Cow in Surat Al-Baqarah
After Allaah revealed the identity of the killer, and Allaah showed Bani Israeel the signs of His greatness, ability, perfection, and the truthfulness of Musa (Moses) عليه السلام, what was the attitude of Bani Israeel?
In verse 74:
“Then, after that, your hearts were hardened and became as stones or even worse in hardness. And indeed, there are stones out of which rivers gush forth, and indeed, there are of them (stones) which split asunder so that water flows from them, and indeed, there are of them (stones) which fall down for fear of Allaah. And Allaah is not unaware of what you do.”
Seeing the signs of Allaah should have made them repent to Him from their stubbornness, lagging behind, asking many questions, arguing with Musa عليه السلام However, what happened was contrary to that. Instead of these signs softening their hearts, their hearts became hardened. In the beginning it may have had an effect, but that quickly wore off. Even after seeing how Allaah gave life to the dead in front of their eyes, their hearts hardened. This is something very serious.
Look at yourself. How many times has Allaah shown you His signs, either some-thing in the universe or in your personal life, yet it did not affect your heart?
Signs of the Hardened Heart:
a) The hardened heart is occupied with desires. It is not busy purifying or reforming itself and it accepts or rejects all matters in accordance with its desires.
E.g. There are some people who desire money. So, if the command will result in money for them, they will accept it. But if there is no financial benefit, they reject it.
E.g. There are others who desire fame and to have a high position amongst the people. If the matter that arises will not make them famous or include having a high status, they do not accept it, but if it will make them famous, they accept it.
b) The love of the Dunya prevails and dominates the hardened heart. It hates death. Everyone hates and is afraid of the agonies of death, but what we mean when we say that, is that it hates what comes after the agonies of death.
E.g. You tell someone, “If you do such and such, Allaah will build you a house in Paradise.” He replies, “Let me build a house in this world first, and then I’ll worry about that.”
c) Not being affected by the Qur’an.
d) The person whose heart is hard will belittle committing sins. He does not see it as something grievous and he feels heaviness in his heart when he performs any act of obedience. No matter how many sins he commits, he does not feel regret. Whenever he is called to perform an act of obedience, he feels like it is a burden. He hears the Adhaan and feels it is not important. Therefore, when he performs the prayer, he performs it quickly because he wants to finish it.
Ibn ‘Uthaimeen رحمه الله said, “If you feel the Shaytaan is making you perform the act of obedience hastily, tell yourself that it is what will benefit you on the Day of Judgment.”
If a person finds any of these signs in himself, he must find the remedy for it, otherwise he will not benefit from any admonition that comes to him.
E.g. Someone goes through a situation where Allaah provided for him with a means he never expected. All the gates of relief were closed in front of him, and Allaah made a way out of this difficulty in a way he never perceived. This should make his relationship with Allaah stronger, bring him closer to Allaah and increase his good thoughts about Allaah. But if he attributes the relief of his distress to so and so, and instead of thinking good about Allaah, he thinks bad about Him, then he has increased his trust in the means instead of in Allaah, the One Who sent the means. Allaah is nurturing this person, but he does not benefit. This indicates his heart is hard.
Another example: A person criticizes people. Allaah will nurture him by making him go through a similar situation and someone else will criticize and defame him. There are some people who do not see this sign; and others who take a lesson and repent, but because their heart is hardened, they may do the same sin later. Allaah will nurture this person again. When the person whose heart is soft is nurtured by Allaah, he will put a barrier between himself and the sin immediately because he knows that Allaah will nurture him.
When a person who knows that there are days of patience and days of gratitude in this life is made to go through any pleasant situation or prosperity, he tells himself: “These are days of gratitude.” And when he goes through problematic situations, and they come one after the other, he tells himself: “These are days of patience.” This is how he lives until Allaah takes his life. He lives thinking good about Allaah.
E.g. Someone complains that he has a constricted means of living. He invokes Allaah to broaden his provision for him, and Allaah broadens it for him. If this person’s heart is soft, whenever he goes through a similar situation, he will not complain, he will just invoke Allaah. But if a person forgets and Allaah keeps nurturing him and he keeps forgetting, it indicates his heart is hard and needs to be softened more.
a) Reluctance of complying with the command of Allaah is a sign of a hard heart. If you do not comply with the command of Allaah immediately, your heart will become hardened.
E.g. The command that you have to wear Hijab. You should say “سمعنا و أطعنا” sami‘na wa at‘anaa ‘We hear and we obey‘. Do not show stubbornness or slowness in obedience, otherwise your heart will become hardened.
b) Hastening towards compliance with the command of Allaah makes one’s heart soft.
c) One of the remedies for hardness of the heart is pondering over the Qur’an.
#7 – It is not permissible to call a person “ملك الأملاك” (The King of Kings)
The Prophet ﷺ said:
إن أخنع اسم عند الله رجل تسمى ملك الأملاك، لا مالك إلا الله
“Verily, the most awful name with Allaah is a man who names himself Malik Al-Amlak (king of kings). There is no king except Allaah. ” [Muslim]
In another narration:
أغيظ رجل على الله يوم القيامة و أخبثة
“The man that Allaah is most angry with on the Day of Resurrection and the most despicable man…”
If this is the most despicable name, then whoever is named with it is the most humiliated person with Allaah. He called himself a name which does not suit anyone except Allaah.
Ibn Hajar رحمه الله said that this indicates that whoever names someone with this name has committed a major sin. Similarly, it is forbidden to call someone the creator of the creation or the أحكم الحاكمين (Ahkam Al-Hakimeen; The most just ruler of those who rule) or سلطان السلاطين (Sultaan As-Salaateen) or أمير الأمراء (Ameer Al-Umaraa). These are the vilest and most despicable names with Allaah.
The person who calls himself the kings of kings is competing with Allaah in His Ruboobiyah (Lordship). It is not fitting for a person to do that. Therefore, he deserves to be humiliated with the utmost humiliation for his boldness and lack of shame in resembling himself to Allaah. Allaah is the King of the kings and the Ruler of all rulers.
Allaah is the One Who owns everything in the dominion. It is He who gave these kings their dominion, and He is able to take it from them. Therefore, only He (Allaah) deserves to be called the King of Kings. He says in Surat Aal-‘Imraan [3:26]:
“Say (O Muhammad ﷺ): ‘O Allaah! Possessor of the kingdom, You give the kingdom to whom You will, and You take the kingdom from whom You will, and You endue with honor whom You will, and You humiliate whom You will. In Your Hand is the good. Verily, You are Able to do all things. ‘”
#8 – Allaah is “مالك يوم الدين” (The Only Owner of the Day of Recompense)
One of Allaah’s Names is الديان (The One who recompenses the people on the Day of Judgment), and He says in Surat Al-Fatihah [1:3]:
“The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.”
In his Tafseer of Surat Al-Fatihah, Shaikh Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul Wahhab رحمه الله said:
بسبب معرفتها دخل الجنة من دخلها، وسبب الجهل بها دخل النار من دخلها
Because of their knowledge of it (i.e. The verse “مالك يوم الدين” (The Owner of the Day of Recompense) and restricting Al-Malik to the Day of Judgment (although Allaah is the Owner of everything), those who entered Paradise entered it, and because of their ignorance of it, those who entered Hell entered it.
In many verses Allaah emphasizes that the dominion belongs to Him on the Day of Judgment, even though it belongs to Him in both this world and the next.
– Surat Al-Furqan [25:26]:
“The sovereignty on that Day will be the true (sovereignty), belonging to the Most Beneficent (Allaah), and it will be a hard Day for the disbelievers [those who disbelieve in the Oneness of Allaah (Islamic Monotheism)].”
– Surah Al-An’aam [6:73]:
“It is He Who has created the heavens and the earth in truth, and on the Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) He will say: “Be!” – and it shall become. His Word is the truth. His will be the dominion on the Day when the trumpet will be blown. All-Knower of the unseen and the seen. He is the All-Wise, Well-Aware (of all things).”
– Surah Al-Hajj [22:56]:
“The sovereignty on that Day will be that of Allaah (the One Who has no partners). He will judge between them. So those who believed [in the Oneness of Allaah (Islamic Monotheism)] and did righteous good deeds will be in Gardens of Delight (Paradise).”
– Surah Ghaafir [40:16]:
“The Day when they will (all) come out, nothing of them will be hidden from Allaah. Whose is the kingdom this Day? (Allaah Himself will reply to His Question): It is Allaah’s, the One, the Irresistible!”
Although the kingdom belongs to Allaah in both this world and the next, Allaah emphasizes His Kingship in the next life more.
Shaikh ‘Abdul-Razzaq Al-Badr حفظه الله explained the statement of Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhab رحمه الله:
All of the interpreters explained the verse in Surat Al-Fatihah with the following three verses from Surat Al-Infitar [82:17-19]:
“And what will make you know what the Day of Recompense is?”
“Again, what will make you know what the Day of Recompense is?”
“(It will be) the Day when no person shall have power (to do) anything for another, and the Decision, that Day, will be (wholly) with Allaah.”
There are three indefinite nouns in this verse:
When there is negation in any sentence and there is an indefinite noun, it indicates that the noun is general.
E.g. “واعبدوا الله و لا تشرك به شيئا”
Whenever an indefinite noun comes in the context of negation, it indicates generality. You are not supposed to make Shirk with Allaah with anything.
This means that on that Day, no one, regardless of how great he is with Allaah, will possess anyone or anything.
Even the Prophets and the Messengers cannot do anything for their relatives, children, beloved ones, because the decision on that Day belongs to Allaah, Al-Malik.
The Prophet ﷺ said to his Companions:
لاَ أُلْفِيَنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ يَجِيءُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ عَلَى رَقَبَتِهِ بَعِيرٌ لَهُ رُغَاءٌ يَقُولُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَغِثْنِي . فَأَقُولُ لاَ أَمْلِكُ لَكَ شَيْئًا قَدْ أَبْلَغْتُكَ . لاَ أُلْفِيَنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ يَجِيءُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ عَلَى رَقَبَتِهِ فَرَسٌ لَهُ حَمْحَمَةٌ فَيَقُولُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَغِثْنِي . فَأَقُولُ لاَ أَمْلِكُ لَكَ شَيْئًا قَدْ أَبْلَغْتُكَ . لاَ أُلْفِيَنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ يَجِيءُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ عَلَى رَقَبَتِهِ شَاةٌ لَهَا ثُغَاءٌ يَقُولُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَغِثْنِي . فَأَقُولُ لاَ أَمْلِكُ لَكَ شَيْئًا قَدْ أَبْلَغْتُكَ . لاَ أُلْفِيَنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ يَجِيءُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ عَلَى رَقَبَتِهِ نَفْسٌ لَهَا صِيَاحٌ فَيَقُولُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَغِثْنِي . فَأَقُولُ لاَ أَمْلِكُ لَكَ شَيْئًا قَدْ أَبْلَغْتُكَ . لاَ أُلْفِيَنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ يَجِيءُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ عَلَى رَقَبَتِهِ رِقَاعٌ تَخْفِقُ فَيَقُولُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَغِثْنِي . فَأَقُولُ لاَ أَمْلِكُ لَكَ شَيْئًا قَدْ أَبْلَغْتُكَ . لاَ أُلْفِيَنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ يَجِيءُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ عَلَى رَقَبَتِهِ صَامِتٌ فَيَقُولُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَغِثْنِي فَأَقُولُ لاَ أَمْلِكُ لَكَ شَيْئًا قَدْ أَبْلَغْتُكَ
“I shouldn’t find that any of you should come on the Day of Judgment with a growling camel mounted on his neck, and he should appeal to me for help saying: “Messenger of Allaah, help me. and I should say: I have no authority to help you; I already communicated to you. I shouldn’t find that any of you should come on the Day of Judgment with a bleating ewe mounted on his neck, and he should say to me: “Messenger of Allaah, help me,” and I should say: I have no authority to help you; I conveyed to you. I shouldn’t find that one of you should come on the Day of Judgment with a person crying loudly mounted on his neck, and he should say to me: “Messenger of Allaah, help me,” and I should say: I have no authority to help you; I conveyed to you. I shouldn’t find that any one of you should come on the Day of Judgment with fluttering clothes wrapped round his neck and he should say to me: “Messenger of Allaah, help me,” and I should say: I have no authority to help you; I conveyed to you. I shouldn’t find that any of you should come on the Day of Judgment with a heap of gold and silver placed on his neck and he should say to me: “Messenger of Allaah, help me.” and I should say: I have no authority to help you; I already conveyed to you (the warning from the Almighty).” [Muslim]
And he ﷺ said:
يَلْقَى إِبْرَاهِيمُ أَبَاهُ آزَرَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ، وَعَلَى وَجْهِ آزَرَ قَتَرَةٌ وَغَبَرَةٌ، فَيَقُولُ لَهُ إِبْرَاهِيمُ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ لَكَ لاَ تَعْصِنِي فَيَقُولُ أَبُوهُ فَالْيَوْمَ لاَ أَعْصِيكَ. فَيَقُولُ إِبْرَاهِيمُ يَا رَبِّ، إِنَّكَ وَعَدْتَنِي أَنْ لاَ تُخْزِيَنِي يَوْمَ يُبْعَثُونَ، فَأَىُّ خِزْىٍ أَخْزَى مِنْ أَبِي الأَبْعَدِ فَيَقُولُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى إِنِّي حَرَّمْتُ الْجَنَّةَ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ، ثُمَّ يُقَالُ يَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ مَا تَحْتَ رِجْلَيْكَ فَيَنْظُرُ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِذِيخٍ مُلْتَطِخٍ، فَيُؤْخَذُ بِقَوَائِمِهِ فَيُلْقَى فِي النَّارِ
“On the Day of Resurrection, Abraham will meet his father Azar whose face will be dark and covered with dust. (The prophet Abraham عليه السلام will say to him): ‘Didn’t I tell you not to disobey me?’ His father will reply: ‘Today I will not disobey you.’ Abraham will say: ‘O Lord! You promised me not to disgrace me on the Day of Resurrection, and what would be more disgraceful to me than cursing and dishonoring my father?’ Then Allaah will say (to him): ‘I have forbidden Paradise for the disbelievers.’ Then he will be addressed, ‘O Abraham! Look! What is underneath your feet?’ He will look and there he will see a Dhabh (an animal,) blood-stained, which will be caught by the legs and thrown in the (Hell) Fire.” [Al-Bukhari]
No matter how great a person is, he cannot do anything for a person who is close to him on that Day. No one can help anyone, because to Allaah Alone belongs the decision on that Day.
The Prophet ﷺ said when addressing the Quraish:
يَا مَعْشَرَ قُرَيْشٍ أَنْقِذُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ مِنَ النَّارِ فَإِنِّي لاَ أَمْلِكُ لَكُمْ مِنَ اللَّهِ ضَرًّا وَلاَ نَفْعًا يَا مَعْشَرَ بَنِي عَبْدِ مَنَافٍ أَنْقِذُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ مِنَ النَّارِ فَإِنِّي لاَ أَمْلِكُ لَكُمْ مِنَ اللَّهِ ضَرًّا وَلاَ نَفْعًا يَا مَعْشَرَ بَنِي قُصَىٍّ أَنْقِذُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ مِنَ النَّارِ فَإِنِّي لاَ أَمْلِكُ لَكُمْ ضَرًّا وَلاَ نَفْعًا يَا مَعْشَرَ بَنِي عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ أَنْقِذُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ مِنَ النَّارِ فَإِنِّي لاَ أَمْلِكُ لَكُمْ ضَرًّا وَلاَ نَفْعًا يَا فَاطِمَةُ بِنْتَ مُحَمَّدٍ أَنْقِذِي نَفْسَكِ مِنَ النَّارِ فَإِنِّي لاَ أَمْلِكُ لَكِ ضَرًّا وَلاَ نَفْعًا إِنَّ لَكِ رَحِمًا سَأَبُلُّهَا بِبِلاَلِهَا
“O people of the Quraish! Ransom yourselves from the Fire! I have no power to prevent harm or bring benefit to you before Allaah! O people of Banu ‘Abd Manaf! Ransom yourselves from the Fire! I have no power to prevent harm or bring benefit to you before Allaah! O people of Banu Qusayy! Ransom yourselves from the Fire! I have no power to prevent harm or bring benefit to you! O people of Banu ‘Abdul-Muttalib! Ransom yourselves from the Fire! I have no power to prevent harm or bring benefit to you! O Fatimah bint Muhammad! Ransom yourself from the Fire! I have no power to prevent harm or bring benefit to you before Allaah! All you have is the womb, and the kind relations that shall come of it.” [At-Tirmidhi]
The Prophet ﷺ told this to his close relatives. The matter belongs to Allaah on that Day. Even the prophets will not intercede for their people until Allaah gives them the permission to do that. No one will own anything on that Day.
Whoever understands this verse well, knows that no one will benefit him on that Day except Allaah, so his heart will not be attached to anyone other than Allaah to ask him for anything. Whoever believes in مالك يوم الدين will not invoke anyone except Allaah. He knows that the decision belongs to Allaah and He does not have except Allaah. This is why, when the Prophet ﷺ was retiring to his bed, he said:
اللهم أسلمت نفسي إليك، ووجهت وجهي إليك: وفوضت أمري إليك ، وألجأت ظهري إليك، رغبة ورهبة إليك، لا ملجأ ولا منجى منك إلا إليك ، آمنت بكتابك الذي أنزلت، ونبيك الذي أرسلت
Allaahumma aslamtu nafsi ilaika, wa wajjahtu wajhi ilaika, wa fawwadtu amri ilaika, wal-ja’tu zahri ilaika, raghbatan wa rahbatan ilaika, la malja wa la manja minka illa ilaika. Amantu bikitabikal-ladhi anzalta, wa nabiyyikal-ladhi arsalta
“O Allaah! I have submitted myself to You, I have turned my face to You, entrusted my affairs to You; and committed my back to You out of desire for You and fear of You; expecting Your reward and fearing Your punishment). There is no refuge and no place of safety from You but with You. I believe in the Book You have revealed and in the Prophet You have sent.” [Agreed Upon]
There is no fleeing from you, nor resort, except to you. This should be our belief – that no one can benefit us against Allaah. There is no one we can resort to except Allaah.
Posted on February 7, 2019, in Allah's Names and Attributes, The Name of Allaah: Al-Malek Al-Mulk, Uncategorized and tagged Al- Mulk, Al-Malik, Allah's Names and Attributes. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.