The Name of Allaah, Ar-Razzaq (Part 3)
If the slave wishes for his heart to be filled with the love and magnification of Allaah, he should learn more about Him. Knowledge about Allaah increases ones love and magnification of Him, and love and magnification are the pillars of deification. When love and magnification are present in the heart of a slave, he will confess لا إله إلا الله, and the deification of Allaah will be perfected in his heart.
The Name Ar-Razzaq is included in the name Al-Qayoom
Allaah is Al-Qayoom (The Self-Subsisting Who is eternal). He is the One Who stands in charge of every soul by bringing it to existence, sustaining it, protecting it, guiding it, etc. Because Al-Qayoom is the One Who stands in charge of the creation by creating and sustaining them, the Name Ar-Razzaq is included in the meaning of the Name Al-Qayoom.
The Name Ar-Razzaq is included in the Name Al-Malik
Al-Malik is the One Who owns the whole dominion and has full power over it without any opposition or resistance. He is attributed with perfect attributes and He disposes the affairs of His dominion with His perfect attributes: i.e. His perfect power, might, ability, knowledge, wisdom, executive will, compassion, mercy, etc.
All in His dominion are slaves to Him and belong to Him. They stand in need of Him and are compelled to seek His help in all their affairs. None can exit from His dominion and none can be self-sufficient aside from Him.
He decides the affairs of the creation with His three kinds of commands:
1) Decreed Commands (أحكام قدرية)
I.e. He created them, causes death, gives life, sustains them, etc.
2) Legal Commands (أحكام شرعية)
Thus, Allaah is in charge of every soul; so, He sustains them.
He sustains them by disposing their (servants’) affairs.
The details of the Names Al-Qayoom and Al-Malik are found in the Name of Allaah Ar-Razzaq.
The Meaning of the Word Rizq
The Name Ar-Razzaq is derived from the word رِزْق (Rizq). رِزْق linguistically refers to everything that one derives benefit from. Some people mistakenly consider lawful earnings Rizq and do not consider unlawful earnings Rizq. According to the meaning of Rizq, it is anything that one derives benefit from.
The plural of رِزْق (Rizq) is أَرْزَاق (Arzaaq).
The Evidence for the Names of Allaah Ar-Razzaq, Ar-Raaziq
The name Ar-Razaaq is mentioned in many verses in the Qur’an, such as in Surat Adh-Dhariyaat [51:58]:
إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الرَّزَّاقُ ذُو الْقُوَّةِ الْمَتِينُ
“Verily, Allaah is the All-Provider, Owner of Power, the Most Strong.”
Allaah says in the previous verses [56-57]:
وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ
“And I (Allaah) created not the jinn and humans except they should worship Me (Alone).”
مَا أُرِيدُ مِنْهُم مِّن رِّزْقٍ وَمَا أُرِيدُ أَن يُطْعِمُونِ
“I seek not any provision from them (i.e. provision for themselves or for My creatures) nor do I ask that they should feed Me (i.e. feed themselves or My creatures).”
Allaah created us and He commanded us to worship Him. This is the purpose behind our existence.
A person may think: Allaah needs my worship.
Allaah says: I do not need your worship. I am Ar-Razzaq, the One Who provides. And I am the All-Strong. So, do not think that when you worship Me, I am need of your worship. I am the One Who guarantees provision for you.
The Name Ar-Razzaq is also mentioned in the Qur’an in plural form.
وَارْزُقْنَا وَأَنتَ خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ
“…and provide us sustenance, for You are the Best of sustainers.” [Surat Al-Maa’idah (5:114)]
وَاللَّهُ خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ
“And Allaah is the Best of providers.” [Surat Al-Jumu’ah (62:11)]:
وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَهُوَ خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ
“And verily, it is Allaah Who indeed is the Best of those who make provision.” [Surat Al-Hajj (22:58)]
Allaah’s Name Ar-Razzaq is mentioned in 5 positions in the Qur’an in plural form.
The Name of Allaah الرازق (Ar-Raaziq) is not mentioned in the Qur’an, but it is mentioned in the Sunnah. For a name to be a Name of Allaah, it should be mentioned in the Qur’an or the Sunnah or both.
Anas ibn Maalik (may Allaah be pleased with him) narrated that prices became excessively high during the time of the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ), so they said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah! Set prices for us!’
So he ﷺ said:“Indeed Allaah is Al-Khaaliq, Al-Qaabid, Al-Baseer, Ar-Raaziq, Al-Musa’iir.” [Abu Dawoud #3451]
Allaah is the Creator. And the description of the Creator is that He is Al-Qaabid Al-Baasit (i.e. He is the One Who withholds and expands the sustenance), because He is Ar-Raaziq (The Provider) and Al-Musa’iir (The One Who sets the price).
Allaah is Ar-Raaziq. When He provides excessively, the prices go down and everything becomes cheap. But when He withholds the Rizq, the prices go up. He is the One Who constricts the hearts and makes the person a miser, so the prices go up. If Allaah expands the hearts, the prices go down. He is Ar-Raaziq, Al-Qaabid, Al-Baasit, Al-Musa’iir.
The Meaning of the Name of Allaah Ar-Razzaq:
This Name implies the attribute of الرَزْق (Ar-Razq)
#1 – Ibn Jarir said, “Allaah is Ar-Razzaq who sustains His creation and guarantees and warrants the provision for them.”
#2 – Al-Khattabi said, “Allaah, Ar-Razzaq, is the One Who takes charge of every soul to provide them with what keeps them alive and strong. His provision and mercy extends over all creation; the believer and unbeliever, the friend and the enemy. He drives (brings about) sustenance to the weak who have no means of earning, as Allaah says in Surat Al-Ankabut [29:60]:
وَكَأَيِّن مِّن دَابَّةٍ لَّا تَحْمِلُ رِزْقَهَا اللَّهُ يَرْزُقُهَا وَإِيَّاكُمْ ۚ
“And so many a moving (living) creature there is, that carries not its own provision! Allaah provides for it and for you.”
And that is by directing the means of earning it by giving the creature the strength to attain the provision or because Allaah has written the provision for it. Allaah has written the provision and detained it behind a means, enjoining people to put forth an effort to get it. The human being is created to seek the means and he is commanded to put forth an effort.
And in Surat Hud [11:6]:
وَمَا مِن دَابَّةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ إِلَّا عَلَى اللَّهِ رِزْقُهَا وَيَعْلَمُ مُسْتَقَرَّهَا وَمُسْتَوْدَعَهَا ۚ كُلٌّ فِي كِتَابٍ مُّبِينٍ
“And no (moving) living creature is there on earth but its provision is due from Allaah. And He knows its dwelling place and its deposit (in the uterus, grave, etc.). All is in a Clear Book (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz – the Book of Decrees with Allaah).”
Allaah is the One Who directs the means of earning and gives the person the strength to earn in any way. Allaah will either bring someone to give him provision or give him the strength to earn it. In one way or another, Allaah will bring the Rizq to that weak creature. And He is Able to do so.
Allaah guaranteed provision for us. We should not be worried for it. However, Allaah, Ar-Razzaq, detains the Rizq behind a means. In order for us to reach our Rizq, we have to take the means. There are many means of attaining Rizq. You may take a gate and find no Rizq, you may take another gate and find some Rizq, and you may take another means and find it all.
E.g. Healing. Some people say: I took the means, but I was not cured.
You should continue and take other means until you reach what Allaah has written for you.
Allaah guaranteed the Rizq, all you have to do is take the means. The means could be your strength. This is the problem with many people. When they see that they are working day and night and they earn a salary at the end of the month, they say: I am working and putting in effort and I am earning; how can I say that Allaah is Ar-Razzaq? They do not understand that their salary is behind the means. They are taking the means but forgetting Who wrote the Rizq for them. You work and get what Allaah has written for you. You may work day and night and not get anything or earn some.
Our problem is the means: the doctor, the medicine, our work, our experience, etc. but we forget that Allaah is the Provider. He is the One Who provides the means of attaining the Rizq.
So, the Rizq is from Allaah and Allaah provides without limit. This does not contradict taking the means. Allaah detains every provision behind means and He created humans by nature to seek the means.
Our nature is to put forth effort. If we are hungry we will seek food. Allaah commanded us to work for the Rizq legally.
The Name Ar-Razzaq is in intensive hyperbolic form (صيغة مبالغة) which indicates that He provides again and again, provision after provision. He gives it in abundance and broadens it. [Al-Minhaj]
E.g. الخَلَّاق. Allaah is الخَالِق and الخَلَّاق. الخَلَّاق is the One Who creates again and again.
Similarly, He is الرَازِق and الرَزَّاق. He does not provide just once but again and again.
#3 – Ibn Al-Atheer said, “Ar-Razzaq is the One Who created the provision and gave the creation their provision and made the provision reach them.”
#4 – Shaikh As-Sa’di said, “Allaah Ar-Razzaq is the One Who provides for all His servants. There is no creature on earth but Allaah provides for it. His providing for His servants is of two kinds:
a) General Provision which extends to the righteous and the sinner, the first and the last of everyone. This is the provision required by the bodies.
b) Specific Provision which is provision granted to the hearts; nourishing them with knowledge and faith. It includes lawful provision that has been appointed for the benefit of the religion. This provision is specific to the believers and is appointed in accordance to their different levels and what Allaah’s wisdom and mercy dictates.” [End quote]
If the meaning of the name is not clear in your heart, your belief in the name will not be clear either.
The Impact of Belief in these Noble Names – Taken from Fiqh Al-Asmaa by Shaikh Abdul-Razzaq Al-Badr
#1 – Allaah reminds His servants in many verses in the Qur’an that He Alone is their Provider / Sustainer who guarantees their food and Rizq. This reminder has been mentioned in the Qur’an in two contexts:
i) In the context of favoring and reminding of His bestowal of favors
ii) In the context of commanding His creation with certain acts of worship.
Examples for the First Type (In the Context of His Favors and Enumeration of Favors):
– Surat An-Nahl [16:72]:
وَاللَّهُ جَعَلَ لَكُم مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا وَجَعَلَ لَكُم مِّنْ أَزْوَاجِكُم بَنِينَ وَحَفَدَةً وَرَزَقَكُم مِّنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ ۚ أَفَبِالْبَاطِلِ يُؤْمِنُونَ وَبِنِعْمَتِ اللَّهِ هُمْ يَكْفُرُونَ
“And Allaah has made for you, wives of your own kind, and has made for you, from your wives, sons and grandsons, and has bestowed on you good provision. Do they then believe in false deities and deny the Favor of Allaah (by not worshipping Allaah Alone)?”
– Surat Al-Israa’ [17:70]:
وَلَقَدْ كَرَّمْنَا بَنِي آدَمَ وَحَمَلْنَاهُمْ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ وَرَزَقْنَاهُم مِّنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَفَضَّلْنَاهُمْ عَلَىٰ كَثِيرٍ مِّمَّنْ خَلَقْنَا تَفْضِيلًا
“And indeed We have honored the Children of Adam, and We have carried them on land and sea, and have provided them with At-Taiyibat (lawful good things), and have preferred them above many of those whom We have created with a marked preference.”
– Surat Ghaafir [40:64]:
اللَّهُ الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ الْأَرْضَ قَرَارًا وَالسَّمَاءَ بِنَاءً وَصَوَّرَكُمْ فَأَحْسَنَ صُوَرَكُمْ وَرَزَقَكُم مِّنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ ۚ ذَٰلِكُمُ اللَّهُ رَبُّكُمْ ۖ فَتَبَارَكَ اللَّهُ رَبُّ الْعَالَمِينَ
“Allaah, it is He Who has made for you the earth as a dwelling place and the sky as a canopy and has given you shape and made your shapes good (looking) and has provided you with good things. That is Allaah, your Lord, then blessed be Allaah, the Lord of the ‘Alameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists).”
Thus, we should thank Allaah and attribute His blessings to Him Alone.
Example for the Second Type (In the Context of His Command to Worship):
– Surat Al-Baqarah [2:21-22]:
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اعْبُدُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ
“O mankind! Worship your Lord (Allaah), Who created you and those who were before you so that you may become Al-Muttaqun (the pious)”
الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ الْأَرْضَ فِرَاشًا وَالسَّمَاءَ بِنَاءً وَأَنزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَخْرَجَ بِهِ مِنَ الثَّمَرَاتِ رِزْقًا لَّكُمْ ۖ فَلَا تَجْعَلُوا لِلَّهِ أَندَادًا وَأَنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ
“Who has made the earth a resting place for you, and the sky as a canopy, and sent down water (rain) from the sky and brought forth therewith fruits as a provision for you. Then do not set up rivals unto Allaah (in worship) while you know (that He Alone has the right to be worshipped).”
Allaah is commanding us with Tawheed; to worship Him alone. Why? Because of His provision upon us.