The Last Verses of Surat Al-Hashr (Part 1)

The most important matter mentioned in the Qur’an is about Allaah. Therefore whenever we recite the Qur’an, our intention should be to learn about Allaah.

There are many verses in the Qur’an which only talk about Allaah.

Once the Prophet (SallaAllahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) asked Ubayy ibn Ka’b (رضي الله عنه): “O Abul-Mundhir, do you know which verse from the Book of Allaah that you have learned is the greatest?” He (رضي الله عنه) said: “Allaahu la ilaha illa Huwa (None has the right to be worshipped but He) Al-Hayyul-Qayyum (the Ever-Living, the One who sustains and protects all that exists) [2:255].” The Prophet (SallaAllahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) struck him in the chest and said: “I congratulate you on your knowledge, O Abul-Mundhir.”

[Muslim no. 810]

There are 27 Names and Attributes of Allaah in Ayat Al-Kursi. 

– This Hadeeth shows us that Ubayy (رضي الله عنه) was a learned person from among the Companions. He knew the greatest verse in the Book of Allaah.

– If Ayat Al-Kursi is the greatest verse in the Qur’an, it shows us some verses have more superiority than others, although all of it is the Speech of Allaah. The content of the verse or Surah makes it greater in Allaah’s sight.

Similary, the Surah which equates one-third of the Qur’an is Surah Al-Ikhlas because it tells us about Allaah. 

The Qur’an consists of three basic matters:

1) Allaah; His Names, Attributes, and Actions          2) The Law           3) The Unseen News 

Another example is in Surah Al-Hashr [59:18-24].

The verses start with Allaah addressing the believers to have Taqwa of Allaah:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَلْتَنظُرْ نَفْسٌ مَّا قَدَّمَتْ لِغَدٍ ۖ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ

O you who believe! Fear Allaah and keep your duty to Him. And let every person look to what he has sent forth for the morrow, and fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is All-Aware of what you do.

#1 – يا أيها الذين ءآمنوا اتقوا الله {O you who believe! Fear Allaah}

At-Tabari said: Allaah addresses those who have believed in Him and singled Him out in worship to have Taqwa of Him which pertains to obeying Him and fearing Him, in secret and in public, and in all situations, and to respect what He has commanded of commandments, laws, and limits. 

#2 – ولتنظر نفس ما قدمت لغد {Let every person look at what he has sent forth in the morrow}

Hold yourselves accountable before you are recompensed and contemplate what you have kept for yourselves of good deeds for the Day of your return and presentation before your Lord.

Everyone should take account of his self for whatever he does of good or evil before he is taken to account on the Day of Judgment. Prepare for the questions that Allaah will ask you on the Day of Judgment. If you do good, ask why you did that good deed and if you did evil, ask why you did that evil deed.

#3 – و اتقوا الله {Fear Allaah}

Allaah commands to have Taqwa again.

إن الله خبير بما تعملون” {Verily Allaah is All-Aware of what you do}

What can help us fear and obey Allaah? To know that He is All-Acquainted with us and what we do. He knows the secrets of the hearts; what makes you do that deed and what makes you commit that sin.

After that, Allaah forbade us from being like those who forgot Him:

وَلَا تَكُونُوا كَالَّذِينَ نَسُوا اللَّهَ فَأَنسَاهُمْ أَنفُسَهُمْ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ

And be not like those who forgot Allaah (i.e. became disobedient to Allaah) and He caused them to forget their own selves, (let them forget to do righteous deeds). Those are the Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allaah).

و لا تكونوا كالذين نسوا الله” {And be not like those who forgot Allaah}

They forgot to remember Allaah, and remembrance of Allaah isn’t limited to uttering words of Dhikr, but it entails as Ibn Al-Qayyim mentioned:

a) To praise Allaah and glorify Him by uttering words of Dhikr

b) To remember the impacts of Allaah’s Attributes and His Actions 

E.g. Allaah elevates, gives, provides, prevents, accepts, etc.

c) To remember the laws of Allaah; His commands and prohibitions.

d) To remember Allaah when you carry out the commands of Allaah.

e) To remember the favors of Allaah and His bounties 

How will Allaah deal with those who forgot Him?

فأنساهم أنفسهم” {So He caused them to forget themselves}

Allaah makes them forget to do good deeds that would benefit them. Allaah makes them forget to repent. And even worse than that, on the Day of Judgment Allaah will abandon them in Hell-Fire. The recompense is of the same nature as the deed.

Allaah tells us not to be like these people: 

أولآئك هم الفاسقون” {Those are the rebellious and disobedient to Allaah}

Then Allaah says in verse 20:

لَا يَسْتَوِي أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ وَأَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ ۚ أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ هُمُ الْفَائِزُونَ

Not equal are the dwellers of the Fire and the dwellers of the Paradise. It is the dwellers of Paradise that will be successful.

The People of Paradise have Taqwa of Allaah, they prepare for the Hereafter and are not heedless of His remembrance.
The People of Hell did not give Allaah His due magnification and fear Him. Hence, they took committing sins lightly and did not prepare for the Hereafter.
They are not equal.
On the Day of Judgment, there will be two categories of people: The People of Paradise and the People of the Fire.

Allaah then sets a parable in verse 21:

لَوْ أَنزَلْنَا هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنَ عَلَىٰ جَبَلٍ لَّرَأَيْتَهُ خَاشِعًا مُّتَصَدِّعًا مِّنْ خَشْيَةِ اللَّهِ ۚ وَتِلْكَ الْأَمْثَالُ نَضْرِبُهَا لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

Had We sent down this Quran on a mountain, you would surely have seen it humbling itself and rending (breaking) asunder out of fear of Allaah. Such are the parables which We put forward to mankind that they may reflect.

لو أنزلنا القرآن على جبل” {Had we sent down this Qur’an on a mountain}

What would happen?

لرأيته خاشعا متصدعا من خشية الله” {You would have surely seen it humbling itself and rending asunder from the fear of Allaah}

This is the effect of the Qur’an when it comes down onto the mountain.

و تلك الأمثال نضربها للناس” {Such are the descriptions We put forward to mankind} 

What you just heard before is a مثل ‘mathal’.

The word مثل has three meanings:

a) وصف (Description), like in Surah Muhammad [47:15]

b) نموذج (Model), like in Surah At-Tahreem [66:10-11]

c) مثل (Parable), like in Surah Al-Baqarah [2:261]

In Surah Al-Hashr it takes the first meaning. Allaah is describing the mountain; that if the Qur’an was sent down upon it, it would humble itself and crumble out of fear of Allaah. If that is the effect of a mountain then what about you? Why doesn’t the Qur’an have an effect on you although you understand the Qur’an.

What is the link between this verse and the three previous verses?

Verse 18 consists of commands and verse 19 consists of prohibitions. When this Qur’an is sent down upon a mountain, look at the effect of that on the mountain. When you come across the commands and prohibitions of Allaah, rush to obey Allaah even if your hearts are like the solid mountains. It will have an effect on your hearts just like the Qur’an had an effect on the mountains. The hardness of your heart should not prevent you from acting upon the command of Allaah.

As-Sa’di said: “Allaah duly explained various things to His slaves and ordered them and prohibited for them in His glorious book. This should compel [Allaah’s faithful worshippers] to rush to perform what He has commanded and encouraged them to do even if they feel they are as hard and hard hearted as solid mountains. Had this Qur’an been revealed by Allaah to a mountain, one will see the mountain humble and crushed out of fear of Allaah, because of its advice and admonitions.”


About Enlightenment into Islam Center

The Enlightenment into Islam Center is a community of sisters who aim to please Allah by seeking knowledge and calling the people (Muslims as well as non-Muslims) to Tawheed and obedience to Allah by spreading the true knowledge of Islam based on the Qur'an and the Sunnah.

Posted on September 13, 2019, in Allah's Names and Attributes, Importance of Studying the Names of Allah, The Name of Allah: Al Muhaymin and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

Jazakom Allaahu khayr, any comments?

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