The Last Verses of Surat Al-Hashr (Part 2)
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The greatest matter in the Qur’an is the news of Allaah. The Qur’an was not revealed except to tell us who Allaah is, in order that we worship Him. Therefore, we should draw special attention to the verses and Surahs that describe Allaah.
Allaah says in Surat Al-Hashr [59:18-20]
إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَيَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَلْتَنظُرْ نَفْسٌ مَّا قَدَّمَتْ لِغَدٍ ۖ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۚ
“O you who believe! Fear Allaah and keep your duty to Him. And let every person look to what he has sent forth for the morrow, and fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is All-Aware of what you do.”
سُوا اللَّهَ فَأَنسَاهُمْ أَنفُسَهُمْ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَوَلَا تَكُونُوا كَالَّذِينَ نَ
“And be not like those who forgot Allaah (i.e. became disobedient to Allaah) so He caused them to forget their own selves, (He let them forget to do righteous deeds.). Those are the Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allaah).”
لَا يَسْتَوِي أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ وَأَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ ۚ أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ هُمُ الْفَائِزُونَ
“Not equal are the dwellers of the Fire and the dwellers of Paradise. It is the dwellers of Paradise that will be successful.”
The above three verses summarize what is in the Qur’an:
- Perform good deeds.
- Refrain from committing sins.
- Prepare for the Hereafter.
- Do not be among those who are disobedient to Allaah.
The problem is that people do not embrace the Qur’an in their hearts. If they did, the impact of the Qur’an would be seen on them just as it would be seen on the mountains, no matter how hard their hearts may be. But we do not read the Qur’an whilst pondering and reflecting over it. We lack the feeling that Allaah is directly talking to us; we just recite it with our tongues, without letting it guide us to Ar- Rahman and what He loves and how He dealt with the people of old. The believer who does not forget Allaah contemplates (تدبر) and thinks considerably (تفكر) over the Qur’anic text.
Ibn ’Abbaas (Radia-Allaahu ’anhuma) would get up at night to offer his night prayer and his neighbor said that he would keep silent for some time during the prayer. When Ibn ’Abbaas (Radia-Allaahu ’anhuma) was asked why he did that, he replied that he was contemplating over the verses of the Qur’an.
The mistake we make in our lives is that we do not think (reflect). Between knowledge and action is contemplation.
Eg. You have a companion who lives, eats, and drinks with you. Thenceforth the companion reveals one of your secrets to others. If he had just thought for a while that what he did was an act of betrayal (خيانة) and that he will be called a betrayer, he will not be pleased to do it.
Not thinking about or contemplating a matter leads to not distinguishing truth from falsehood and not calling things with their correct names.
Nothing is more beneficial for a slave then contemplating the Qur’an and thinking about its meaning. If one is occupied with the Qur’an and contemplating it, he will not be of those who forget Allaah. He will be of those who prepare for the Hereafter.
The Qur’an is a blessed book, it benefits only those who reflect on it. Of the benefits of reflection are that it:
- Opens treasures of knowledge for the slave.
- Clarifies the path of good and evil.
- Encourages good mannerisms and excellent conduct.
- Discourages the worst conduct.
In verses 22 to 24:
هُوَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ۖ عَالِمُ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ ۖ هُوَ الرَّحْمَٰنُ الرَّحِيمُ
“He is Allaah, Whom there is La ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen (open). He is the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.”
هُوَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْمَلِكُ الْقُدُّوسُ السَّلَامُ الْمُؤْمِنُ الْمُهَيْمِنُ الْعَزِيزُ الْجَبَّارُ الْمُتَكَبِّرُ ۚ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ
“He is Allaah, Whom there is La ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) the King, the Holy, the One Free from all defects, the Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, the All-Mighty, the Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allaah! (High is He) above all that they associate as partners with Him.”
هُوَ اللَّهُ الْخَالِقُ الْبَارِئُ الْمُصَوِّرُ ۖ لَهُ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَىٰ ۚ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۖ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ
“He is Allaah, the Creator, the Inventor of all things, the Bestower of forms. To Him belong the Best Names. All that is in the heavens and the earth glorify Him. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.”
These honorable verses mention many of Allaah’s Beautiful Names and gracious Attributes.
Connection to the previous verses: The greatness of the Qur’an is in the Names and knowledge of Allaah. If the heart knows Allaah, it will soften and humble itself out of fear of Allaah. What causes fear of Allaah? It becomes visible in the verses that come after the verses of the parables; knowing Allaah by His Names and Attributes.
Allaah states that He is Allaah, whom there is no other deity deserving of being worshipped besides Him, due to his immense perfection, All-Encompassing knowledge and control that comprehends all affairs and all things.
AR-RAHMAN, AR-RAHEEM: He is the Owner of vast mercy that surrounds His creation.
AL-MALIK: He is the King to Whom belongs all three types of decisions: Legal, Decreed, and Recompense
AL-QUDOOS: Allaah is Pure. He is pure from injustice, shortcomings, forgetfulness. He is pure from every imperfection.
AL-MU’MIN: Allaah is the One Who establishes the truth and the truthfulness of His messengers. He keeps and fulfills His promises. It also means the One Who gives security to the believers.
AL-MUHAYMIN: He is the Witness over the actions of His servants and the Watcher over His creation.
AL-AZIZ: He is Almighty; Dominant over all things. He can never be overpowered, nor can His power be resisted.
AL-JABBAR: Allaah is the Compeller. All of creation is under His subjugation. It also has the meaning of the One Who mends broken hearts.
AL-MUTAKABBIR: Allaah is the Supreme; Owner of sovereignty; Free from all imperfections.
AL-KHALIQ, AL-BARI’, AL-MUSAWWIR: He brings everything into existence from nothing. He bestows forms and shapes.
To Allaah belongs the Best of Names. Allaah’s Attributes are of such beauty that Allaah loves them, loves those who love them, and loves for his slaves to invoke Him and supplicate Him by them. Some of the Names are mentioned only once but the explanation and impact of these Names is seen from the beginning to the end of the Qur’an several times. We should know the meanings of the Names of Allaah so that we can invoke Him for our needs with these Beautiful Names.
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Posted on September 30, 2019, in Allah's Names and Attributes, Importance of Studying the Names of Allah, The Name of Allah: Al Muhaymin and tagged Allah's Names and Attributes, islam, Knowledge of Allaah. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.