Category Archives: Allah’s Names and Attributes

The Name of Allaah: Al-Malik Al-Mulk (Part 2)

The Name Al Malik Al Mulk is derived from the word “ملك”, “يمْلك”, “مِلْك” (To possess a thing and have full authority over its disposal). The name Al-Malik is mentioned in the Qur’an in five positions in the Qur’an which were explained in part 1 of this article.

Part 2 picks off from the Meaning of the name Al- Malik, Al Maleek with regards to Allaah.

Shaikh ‘Abdur-Razzaq Al-Badr said in his book “Fiqh Al-Asmaa”:

و هذان الإسمان دالان على أن الله سبحانه ذوالملك، أي المالك لجميع الأشياء المتصرف فيها بلا ممانعة و لا مدافعة،

These two Names (Al-Malik, Al-Maleek) indicate that Allaah is the Owner of the whole dominion; i.e. the Owner of all things Who has full power over them without resistance or hindrance.

و الملك يرجع إلى أمور ثلاثة:

And His Kingship goes back to three matters:

Whenever you hear Allaah Al-Malik, remember that is related to the following three matters:

1) Matters related to His Attributes

2) Matters related to those whom He Owns

3) His relationship and dealings with those whom He Owns Read the rest of this entry

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The Name of Allaah: Al-Malek Al-Mulk

This Name is derived from the word “ملك”, “يمْلك”, “مِلْك” (To possess a thing and have full authority over its disposal)

The whole dominion is called Malakout ملكوت.

  • This Name Al-Malik  is mentioned in the Qur’an in five positions:

1 – Surat Ta-Ha [20:114]:

“Then High above all be Allaah, the True King. And be not in haste [O Muhammad (ﷺ )] with the Qur’an before its revelation is completed to you, and say: “My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”

2 – Surat al-Mu’minoon [23:116]:

“So Exalted be Allaah, the True King, La ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Lord of the Supreme Throne!”

3 – Surat al-Hashr [59:23]:

“He is Allaah other than Whom there is La ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) the King, the Holy, the One Free from all defects, the Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, the All-Mighty, the Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allaah! (High is He) above all that they associate as partners with Him.”

4 – Surat an-Naas [114:2]:

“The Ilah (God) of mankind,”

5 – Surat al-Jumu’ah [62:1]:

“Whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth glorifies Allaah, the King (of everything), the Holy, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.”

It is mentioned in restricted form in this position.

  • The name Al-Maleek is mentioned once,  in Surat al-Qamar [54:54-55]:

“Verily, The Muttaqun (pious), will be in the midst of Gardens and Rivers (Paradise).”

“In a seat of truth (i.e. Paradise), near the Omnipotent King (Allaah, the All-Blessed, the Most High, the Owner of Majesty and Honor).”

  • The name Al-Maalik means the Owner. It is mentioned in two positions in the Qur’an, but only in the restricted form. 

In Surat al-Fatihah [1:3]:

“The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)”

And in Surat ‘Aal-Imran [3:26]:

Say [O Muhammad (ﷺ )]: “O Allaah! Possessor of the kingdom, You give the kingdom to whom You will, and You take the kingdom from whom You will, and You endue with honor whom You will, and You humiliate whom You will. In Your Hand is the good. Verily, You are Able to do all things.”

It is mentioned in the unrestricted form in the Sunnah. The Prophet ﷺ mentioned said:

أَغْيَظُ رَجُلٍ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَأَخْبَثُهُ وَأَغْيَظُهُ عَلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ كَانَ يُسَمَّى مَلِكَ الأَمْلاَكِ لاَ مَلِكَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ

The most wretched person in the sight of Allaah on the Day of Resurrection and the worst person and target of His wrath would be the person who is called Malik al-Amlak (the King of Kings) for there is no king but Allaah. [Muslim #2143]

The Difference between Al-Malik (The King) and Al-Maalik (The Owner):

Ash-Shawkani said that the Scholars differed with regards to the two names Malik and Maalik. Some of them said that the name Malik is more intensive and general, because every king owns, but not every owner can be a king, and because the command of the king is executed upon the owner. Others said Maalik is more general and intensive than Malik when praising Allaah because He is the Owner of mankind and the whole dominion. The truth is that every Attribute has a specialty that is not found in the other one. [Faid Al-Qadeer]

 

 

Rules regarding the Names of Allaah (Part 2)

The Prophet said:

إِنَّ لِلَّهِ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ اسْمَا مِائَةً إِلاَّ وَاحِدًا مَنْ أَحْصَاهَا دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ

“Allaah has ninety-nine Names, i.e. one-hundred minus one, and whoever أحصاها will go to Paradise.” [Bukhaari]

The difference among the Scholars in enumerating the 99 Names is due to the difference of rules they follow in deducing the Names from the Qur’an and the Sunnah.

There are more than 99 Names of Allaah, but we are seeking the specific 99 which have significance. The significance is that whoever knows them, understands them, worships Allaah by them, and memorizes them, will enter Paradise.

Rule No. 4 – دلالة الاسم على الوصف (Every Name of Allaah should imply a Noble Attribute) Read the rest of this entry

The Name of Allaah: Allaah (Part 2)

The Meaning of the Name الله: 

The best and most concise explanation of this Name is as narrated by Ibn ‘Abbaas (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhuma).

He said:

الله ذو الألوهية و العبودية على خلقه أجمعين

Allaah is the Owner of divinity and worship over all His creation

This meaning of the Name is comprised of two parts:

One part pertains to Allaah and the second part pertains to the slave.

ذو الألوهية  و العبودية على خلقة أجمعين

ذوا —  Owner (صاحب)

الألوهية — The one who deserves to be loved and magnified most Read the rest of this entry

Rules regarding the Names of Allaah (Part 1)

 

The Prophet ﷺ said:

إِنَّ لِلَّهِ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ اسْمَا مِائَةً إِلاَّ وَاحِدًا مَنْ أَحْصَاهَا دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ

“Allaah has ninety-nine Names, i.e. one-hundred minus one, and whoever أحصاها will go to Paradise.” [Bukhaari]

 Al-Ihsaa (الإحصاء ) does not refer to enumerating them. It refers to knowing the meaning of every Name, what the Name implies of Attributes, the impact of that attribute in your life, to worship Allaah according to that Name, and finally to memorize that Name.

Some Scholars have named more than 99 Names of Allaah. But, if you apply the rules, then it adds up to exactly 99.

Rule No. 1 – أسماء الله توقيفية (The Names of Allaah are limited to the Qur’an and Sunnah.)

This means that the source of the Names should be restricted to the Qur’an and the Sunnah. There are names such as An-Nadheef “النظيف” or Al-Majeed “الماجد” or Al-Wajeed “الواجد” yet, you do not find these names in the Qur’an or the Sunnah. Read the rest of this entry

The Name of Allaah: Allaah (Part 1)

The noblest knowledge is the knowledge about Allaah and the greatest verse in the Qur’an is Ayat al-Kursi because it talks about Allaah. Surat al-Ikhlas is equal to one third of the Qur’an because it tells you who Allaah is. Allaah honored His Messenger Muhammad ﷺ by teaching Him about His noble self, and the Messenger ﷺ taught us. 

If people are abandoning the noblest knowledge, then what are they acquiring? If they are acquiring knowledge related to the Dunya and are ignoring to learn about who Allaah is, what will their degrees or worldly knowledge benefit them on the Day of Judgment? If a person does not know who Allaah is, but is an expert in mathematics, how will he say “my Lord is Allaah” in his grave, whilst he does not know who Allaah is? The first question a person will be asked in his grave is: “Who is your Lord?” And the believer will answer: “ربي الله” (My Lord is Allaah).

We have to know Allaah by His Names, Attributes, and Actions. These are all included in the answer: ربي الله (My Lord is Allaah). This is a very concise answer, which if a person answers with, he is considered a successful person with Allaah. His grave will turn into a bed from Paradise; it will be made vast for him, and a window to Paradise will be opened for him. 

What is the meaning of لا اله الا الله ? Read the rest of this entry

The lecture transcripts of the Name of Allah: Al-‘Aleem العليم are now compiled into one PDF file.

Download the compiled lecture on the Name of Allah: Al-‘Aleem  العليم (all 16 lectures in one PDF file)

The Name of Allah العليمAl-‘Aleem [Part 4]

Impacts of Believing in the Name of Allah العليم

In his explanation of Allah’s Name Al-‘Aleem العليم in Fiqh of Names of Allah فقه الأسماء الحسنى, Sheikh Abdur-Razzaq Al-Badr (حفظه الله) said:

#1 

Allah mentioned the vastness of His Knowledge in many verses. He said:

Read the rest of this entry