Category Archives: Tawheed
Since knowledge is a common attribute of Allah and the Creation, how do we establish Tawheed with regards to it?
To establish Tawheed, we have to single Allah out in that attribute and negate it from others. But since knowledge is a common attribute of Allah and the Creation, we have to attribute Perfect complete knowledge to Allah and attribute deficient knowledge to the creation. We need to compare the knowledge of the creation to the knowledge of Allah in order to know how to make Tawheed.
The Knowledge of the Creation Read the rest of this entry
Allah’s Name العليم implies the attribute of العلم (Knowledge). Allah is attributed with having knowledge, and the creation also has knowledge. How can we single Allah out with this attribute?
- We affirm perfect and comprehensive knowledge to Allah
- We affirm deficient knowledge to the creation
- We negate any deficiency in the knowledge of Allah (ignorance, forgetfulness, etc.)
Allah affirmed perfect comprehensive knowledge to Himself in many verses in the Qur’an, for example: Read the rest of this entry
On the Day of Judgement, the balances will be set up, and three things will be weighed:
1) The Deeds of the Person
2) His Utterances
3) The Person Himself
The weight of a person is not dependent on how fat or thin he is, but on how much faith he has in his heart.
How much do you think of Allah? How much do you believe in Allah’s Knowledge, Wisdom, Ability, in the Meeting with Allah, in His Angels, in the Day of Judgement? All this will be weighed.
The Prophet ﷺ said:
“I see what you do not see and I hear what you do not hear; heaven has squeaked, and it has right to do so. By Him, in Whose Hand my soul is, there is not a space of four fingers in which there is not an angel who is prostrating his forehead before Allah, the Exalted…”
How many times do we think of this Hadith when we look up at the heavens? How many times have we thought about Bayt Al-Ma’mur, which Angels make Tawaf around, as people do around the Ka’bah? The more you discuss these facts with yourself, the more alive they will be in your heart, and the heavier your faith will be on the scale.
Evidence that Faith has Weight
From among the evidences:
1- Abu Bakr bin Eyash said: “Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه did not surpass the Ummah through a lot of prayer and fasting, but he surpassed with what was established in his heart (i.e. his تصديق, his belief.)”
[Manhaj As-Sunnah An-Nabawiyah]
2- “A man from my nation will be called before all of creation on the Day of Resurrection, and ninety-nine scrolls will be spread out for him, each one extending as far as the eye can see. Then Allah will say: “Do you deny anything of this?” He will say: “No, O Lord.” He will say: “Have My recording scribes been unfair to you?” Then He will say: “Apart from that, do you have any good deeds?” The man will be terrified and will say: “No.” (Allah) will say: “Indeed, you have good deeds with Us, and you will not be treated unjustly this Day.” Then a card will be brought out on which is written Ash-hadu an la ilaha illallah wa anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasuluhu (I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger). He will say: “O Lord, what is this card compared with these scrolls?” He will say: “You will not be treated unjustly.” Then the scrolls will be placed in one side of the Balance and the card in the other. The scrolls will go up (i.e., be light) and the card will go down (i.e., will weigh heavily).”
Even the hypocrites declare the testimony of faith, so what made this persons لا اله الا الله heavy on the scale? His belief, knowledge, certainty, sincerity, truthfulness, love of Allah.
3-Abu Sa’eed AI-Khudri ( رضي الله عنه) narrated that Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said,
“Musa (Moses) said: ‘O my Lord, teach me something by which I can remember You and supplicate to You.’ Allah answered: ‘Say, O Musa, La ilaha illallah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah).’ Musa said: ‘O my Lord, all your slaves say this.’ Allah said: ‘O Musa, if the seven heavens and all of their inhabitants besides Me, and the seven earths were in a pan (of a scale), and La ilaha illallah was in (another) pan, La ilaha illallah would outweigh them.”
Ibn Hibbaan and AI-Haakim recorded this, and he (AIHaakim) graded it authentic (Saheeh).
Since we know that our faith will be weighed on the Day of Judgement, we should take the means of increasing it.
There are Muslims who:
1) Only have basic faith. They only have general information about the articles faith.
2) Have perfect faith.
What made them vary in their level of faith? It is Knowledge.
It is therefore our duty to increase in knowledge so that we accordingly increase in faith, and our scale will be heavy on the Day of Judgement. Increase your knowledge about Allah everyday, even if it is just one piece of information.
E.g. When you see rain, tell yourself – This is the impact of Allah’s Mercy.
As Allah said in Surah Ar-Rum Verse 50
فَانظُرْ إِلَىٰ آثَارِ رَحْمَتِ اللَّهِ كَيْفَ يُحْيِي الْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا ۚ إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ لَمُحْيِي الْمَوْتَىٰ ۖ وَهُوَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ
“Look then at the effects (results) of Allah’s Mercy, how He revives the earth after its death. Verily! That (Allah) Who revived the earth after its death shall indeed raise the dead (on the Day of Resurrection), and He is Able to do all things.”
We ought to revive the knowledge of the Qur’an in our lives. But we rarely discuss this information with ourselves. We see the creation of Allah, the decrees we go through, but we never talk about the impact of Allah’s Attributes on ourselves. Discussing the impacts of Allah’s Attributes to ourselves will increase our faith.
It is our duty towards ourselves and children to increase our and their knowledge about Allah because we believe that our faith will be weighed on the Day of Judgement.
When faith is increased, it will produce many fruits and benefits, which you will receive in this life, even before the Day of Judgement. As Shaikh As-Sa’di رحمة الله mentioned in his book التوضيع و التبيان لشجرة الإيمان, and these fruits are:
1) The Wilayah of Allah
2) The Pleasure of Allah
3) Salvation from the Hellfire
4) Allah defends the believers
5) A Good Life
If your faith is weak, your deed will be full of mistakes and shortcomings, and accordingly, the reward of your deeds will be less.
If your faith is perfect, your deed will be more complete, and the reward will be greater with Allah.
Therefore, great reward depends on the perfection of your faith, not the quantity of good deeds you perform. When many people start adopting the right path, they focus on the quantity of the good deeds they perform, and not on increasing their faith.
The Prophet ﷺ said:
“Do not abuse my companions for if any one of you spent gold equal to Uhud (in Allah’s Cause) it would not be equal to a Mud or even a half Mud spent by one of them.”
The quantity and quality is different, what made the charity of the companions heavier than our charity? Their Faith.
We have to take care of our belief, because faith affects deeds. Deeds will be accepted and multiplied in reward according to how much your heart moves when taking the action.Your heart moving means it remembering Allah, the reward in the hereafter, death, your grave, etc.
The more your heart moves, even if you perform a little good deed, the more reward you will have with Allah. So do not perform good deeds with a heedless heart; this will lessen the reward of the deeds.
E.g. Everyone performs Wudoo (Ablution). But how many of us remember from the beginning, that we are performing it, carrying out the command of Allah in Surah An-Nisa Verse 43 and Surah Al-Maa’idah Verse 6 in accordance to the Sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ, and if you obey Allah and His Messenger ﷺ you will have Paradise, as Allah said in Surah An-Nisa Verse 13.
And when you are performing Wudoo you remember that your sins drop off with the water, and hope that Allah will make the limbs you are washing to be bright and shining, so that you are recognised by the Prophet ﷺ and called to drink from the Kawther on the Day of judgement.
If you perform Wudoo like this, it will be heavy on the scale on the Day of Judgement. The attentiveness of the heart when performing the good deed is an indication of stronger faith.
After performing Wudoo, you are expected to say:
أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اَللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ, وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ
and remember the Hadith where the Prophet ﷺ said:
“If one after performing ablution completely recites the following supplication: (Ash-hadu an la ilaha ill-Allahu wahdahu la sharika lahu, wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa Rasuluhu) ‘I testify that there is no one worthy of worship but Allah, He is Alone and has no partner and Muhammad (ﷺ) is his slave and Messenger’, all the eight gates of Paradise will be opened for him and he may enter through any gate he wishes”.
[Bulugh Al-Maram #57]
This means that Allah will make the performance of good deeds easy for you which will then enable you to enter from these 8 gates.
But only those whose faith is strong will remember this. What will make my faith stronger? It is Knowledge.
The more you know, the more your faith will increase and the more the attentiveness of your heart will increase, the more your deed will be accepted and rewarded by Allah. Allah will multiply the reward of your little good deed.
The Condition: “و هو مؤمن” – (While he is a believer)
مؤمن = موحد (Believer = Monotheist)
Faith is a very important pre-requisite before performing good deeds. Allah said in Surah Al-Furqan Verse 23
وَقَدِمْنَا إِلَىٰ مَا عَمِلُوا مِنْ عَمَلٍ فَجَعَلْنَاهُ هَبَاءً مَّنثُورًا
And We will regard what they have done of deeds and make them as dust dispersed.
The reason for this is that their deeds were founded on other than the belief in Allah and His Messenger, the spirit of which is to have sincerity towards the worshipped and to fllow the Messenger.
Allah, Exalted is He, says,
قُلْ هَلْ نُنَبِّئُكُم بِالْأَخْسَرِينَ أَعْمَالًا
Say, [O Muhammad], “Shall we [believers] inform you of the greatest losers as to [their] deeds?
الَّذِينَ ضَلَّ سَعْيُهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَهُمْ يَحْسَبُونَ أَنَّهُمْ يُحْسِنُونَ صُنْعًا
[They are] those whose effort is lost in worldly life, while they think that they are doing well in work.”
أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِآيَاتِ رَبِّهِمْ وَلِقَائِهِ فَحَبِطَتْ أَعْمَالُهُمْ فَلَا نُقِيمُ لَهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَزْنًا
Those are the ones who disbelieve in the verses of their Lord and in [their] meeting Him, so their deeds have become worthless; and We will not assign to them on the Day of Resurrection any importance.
[Surah al-Kahf(1); 103-105]
Another thing which causes deeds to be rendered fruitless is the Shirk ( associating partners with Allah).
Surah al-Zumar Verse 65
وَلَقَدْ أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ وَإِلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكَ لَئِنْ أَشْرَكْتَ لَيَحْبَطَنَّ عَمَلُكَ وَلَتَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ
And it was already revealed to you and to those before you that if you should associate [anything] with Allah , your work would surely become worthless, and you would surely be among the losers.”
Surah al-An’am Verse 88
ذَٰلِكَ هُدَى اللَّهِ يَهْدِي بِهِ مَن يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ ۚ وَلَوْ أَشْرَكُوا لَحَبِطَ عَنْهُم مَّا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ
That is the guidance of Allah by which He guides whomever He wills of His servants. But if they had associated others with Allah , then worthless for them would be whatever they were doing.
Read the ‘Fruits of Tawheed’ (Part 2) here
When our intention is purely for Allah’s sake, we will get the fruit of the action we are performing and see the effect of it on our faith. That is why we need to constantly renew and purify our intentions.
الإيمان (Faith) will distinguish between the believers and hypocrites on the Day of Judgement. In the beginning, all the believers and hypocrites will be together, then a wall will be set up between them. The believers will walk through a door to Jannah, and the hypocrites will be detained behind that wall.
What are the fruits of Belief in Allah?
1) The Wilayah of Allah
For detailed explanation of the meaning of ‘Wilayah of Allah’, refer to this article here
The most dangerous darkness which most people suffer from is the darkness of thoughts and beliefs, due to which the Shaytan can easily overpower and confuse a person. It is the wilayah of Allah that will bring a person out of that confusion,misguidance and the whisper of the Shyatan will become less. The Shaytan has no power over the person whom Allah has taken into His Allegiance.
The Impacts of the Wilayah of Allaah are:
1) Allah removes the coverings of lust, desires, sins, from the person and he sees the reality of everything around him.
Allah said in a Hadith Qudsi:
“Whosoever shows enmity to a Wali of mine, I shall be at war with him. My servant draws not near to Me with anything more loved by Me than the religious duties I have enjoined upon him, and My servant continues to draw near to Me with supererogatory works until I love him. When I love him, I am his hearing with which he hears, his seeing with which he sees, his hand with which he strikes and his foot with which he walks. Were he to ask [something] of Me, I would surely give it to him, and were he to ask Me for refuge, I would surely grant him it. I do not hesitate about anything as much as I hesitate about [seizing] the soul of My faithful servant: he hates death and I hate hurting him.” [Bukhari]
The most important knowledge we should learn is the Tawheed (Monotheism); which is Allah’s right upon His slaves. If you perfect your Tawheed Ar-Ruboobiyah, you will perfect your Tawheed Al-Uloohiyah (Worship). Your heart will be attached to Allah alone. You will love Him, magnify Him and no one else.
Tawheed Al-Asmaa Wa Sifat refers to singling out Allah out in His Names and Attributes, especially regarding the Names and Attributes that common between Allah and His creation. This can be done by singling Him out in Perfection.
When you see someone who has a good quality, you negate the perfection of that attribute from him, and attribute it to Allah alone.e
for example: If you meet a person that is generous and kind, you should know deep down inside you that it is Allaah, Who made him generous and kind.
It is in this way you will be fulfilling the right of Allah.
If you live in this Dunya like this (as a monotheist), what are the fruits you will gain?
الإيمان is to believe in the unseen mentioned in the Qur’an and the Sunnah. The greatest of all unseen is Allah. It is this belief that distinguishes the believers from the hypocrites on the Day of Judgement; the People of Paradise from the People of Hell.
In order to bring ourselves out of the fold of hypocrisy, we should take care of our faith and strengthen our belief in the articles of faith; especially in Allah. We should strengthen our belief in Allah’s Names, Attributes, and Actions.