So far, in our previous posts, we have covered 3 advises that will aid a person in seeking knowledge, we move on to the 4th advice in this post.
Advice No. 4 – Lower your Wings and put Arrogance and Pride behind you ( خفض الجناح و نبذ الخيلاء و الكبرياء)
Adorn yourself with personal etiquette such as abstinence, forbearance, patience, humbleness to the truth, and the tranquility of a bird; i.e. dignity, calmness and lowering the wings (of humility), bearing the humility of learning for the honor of knowledge, and showing humility towards the truth.
Ibn ‘Uthaimeen (رحمه الله) said:
و ذالك لأن المقام يقتضي أن يكون عند طالب العلم عفة عما في أيدي الناس و عفة عن النظر المحرم و حلم لا يعجل بالعقوبة إذا أساء إليه إحد و صبر على ما يحصل له من الأذى مما يسمعه إما من عامة الناس و إما من أقرانه و إما من معلمه، فليصبر و ليحتسب.
And that is because the position required from the student of knowledge is to abstain from what is in the hands of people, and to abstain from looking at the unlawful, and forbearance (patience, self-control) in hastening punishment if one wrongs him, and patience with what he receives of harm from what he hears, whether it is from the general public, acquaintances, or his teacher. Let him show patience and hope for the reward from Allaah
و التواضع للحق و كذالك للخلق, فالتواضع للحق بمعنى: أنه متى بان له الحق خضع له و لم يبغ سواه بديلا. و كذالك للخلق، فكم من طالب فتح على معلمه أبوابا ليست على بال منه، فلا تحقرن شيئا.
And one should humble himself towards the truth, and similarly to the creation. Humbling oneself to the truth means that whenever the truth is clear, he yields to it and does not seek a substitute for it. And likewise to the creation, for how many a student have opened doors for their teacher which he could not perceive. Hence, one should not belittle anything
The student of knowledge accepts the truth. He does not go to another teacher or seek another Fatwa if the truth that comes from his teacher does not go along with his desire.If the intention of the student of knowledge is purely for the sake of Allaah, Allaah will make him a blessed person. His suggestions will be blessed suggestions – they will be of continuous goodness. And this does not happen to anyone, it is just for the blessed student of knowledge. Everyone ascribes purity to themselves and thinks that they are that blessed person. But we do not know, only Allaah knows.
و قوله: سكون الطائر من الوقار و الرزانة و خفض الجناح
The author’s (رحمه الله) statement: The tranquility of a bird; i.e. dignity, calmness and lowering of the wings:
Knowledge becomes beneficial knowledge when you act upon it, and is unbeneficial when you do not act upon it. The Prophet ﷺ sought refuge from unbeneficial knowledge by saying the following du’a:
…اللهم إني أعوذ بك من علم لا ينفع
“O Allaah! I seek refuge in You from knowledge which is not beneficial…..” [Muslim]
Read our article on advice No.2 that will aid a person in seeking knowledge.
Advice No. 3 – Continual Watchfulness (of Allaah) دوام المراقبة
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Impact no. 5- Knowing the Name of Allaah Al-Malik should make us correct our Tawheed.
Our attachment to Allaah should be strong, since He is Al-Malik Al-Mulk, to Whom belongs the whole dominion. Those other than Him do not own anything – not even a Qitmir (thin membrane over the date stone) or an atom – so only He deserves to be loved, magnified, and called unto. To Allaah belongs the true kingship and none else. Anyone who possesses anything, then what is in their possession is from Allaah.
Allaah, Al-Malik, is the One disposing the affairs of His Dominion with justice, benevolence, benefit, mercy, and wisdom. Part of knowing the Names of Allaah is to know the impact of the Attribute the Name implies.
We have written about the first three impacts of the Name, Al-Malik here.
Impact No. 4 – Singling Allaah out with Worship
Impact No. 3 – As Shaikh ‘Abdur-Razzaq Al-Badr mentioned:
و من معاني ملكه: إنزاله كتبه، و إرسال رسله، و هداية العالمين، و إرشاد الضالين، و إقامة الحجة و المعذرة على المعاندين المكابرين، ووضع الثواب و العقاب مواضعها، و تنزيل الأمور منازلها إلى غير ذالك من التدبير و التصرف في مملكته بما شاء سبحانه
And from the meanings of His Mulk: Revealing Books, sending Messengers, guiding the ‘Alameen (all of mankind, Jinn, and all that exists), showing the way to the astray, establishing the proofs and excuses against the stubborn, arrogant (opponents), setting reward and punishment in their right places, and placing all matters in their places, and so forth of matters of management and disposal in His kingdom with what He wills.
Allaah’s disposal is in accordance to what He wills, which is based on His Knowledge and Wisdom. Out of Allaah’s Mercy, He sent Books and Messengers and established signs to guide the people. He sends decrees to the heedless to awaken them from their deep heedlessness. We’ve all heard about experiences some people had who were heedless and astray, and then a calamity befell them and woke them up. Then, it’s perceivable that a person’s calamity can be the cause for his righteousness.
Of Allaah’s Mercy is that He exposes the falsehood of the disbelievers. How many were non-Muslims, then Allaah showed them their falsehood, and this made them convert to Islam? Allaah casts certainty in the hearts of the believers and His Beneficence descends upon them continuously.
The Prophet ﷺ said:
إِنَّ لِلَّهِ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ اسْمَا مِائَةً إِلاَّ وَاحِدًا مَنْ أَحْصَاهَا دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ
“Allaah has ninety nine Names, one hundred minus one, whoever أحصاها will enter Paradise.” [Agreed upon]
Who does not want to live eternally in Paradise?
In order to be of the people mentioned in the aforementioned Hadeeth, we should:
a) Know the meaning of every Name of Allaah
b) Know the impact of the Attribute the Name implies
c) Worship Allaah by the Name
d) Memorize the Name
Part 2 of the Name of Allaah, Al Malik explains three matters that should come to our minds when we hear the Name of Allaah – Al Malik.
Impacts of Believing in the Name الملك (Al-Malik)