The Name of Allaah: Al-Malek Al-Mulk

This Name is derived from the word “ملك”, “يمْلك”, “مِلْك” (To possess a thing and have full authority over its disposal)

The whole dominion is called Malakout ملكوت.

  • This Name Al-Malik  is mentioned in the Qur’an in five positions:

1 – Surat Ta-Ha [20:114]:

“Then High above all be Allaah, the True King. And be not in haste [O Muhammad (ﷺ )] with the Qur’an before its revelation is completed to you, and say: “My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”

2 – Surat al-Mu’minoon [23:116]:

“So Exalted be Allaah, the True King, La ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Lord of the Supreme Throne!”

3 – Surat al-Hashr [59:23]:

“He is Allaah other than Whom there is La ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) the King, the Holy, the One Free from all defects, the Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, the All-Mighty, the Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allaah! (High is He) above all that they associate as partners with Him.”

4 – Surat an-Naas [114:2]:

“The Ilah (God) of mankind,”

5 – Surat al-Jumu’ah [62:1]:

“Whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth glorifies Allaah, the King (of everything), the Holy, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.”

It is mentioned in restricted form in this position.

  • The name Al-Maleek is mentioned once,  in Surat al-Qamar [54:54-55]:

“Verily, The Muttaqun (pious), will be in the midst of Gardens and Rivers (Paradise).”

“In a seat of truth (i.e. Paradise), near the Omnipotent King (Allaah, the All-Blessed, the Most High, the Owner of Majesty and Honor).”

  • The name Al-Maalik means the Owner. It is mentioned in two positions in the Qur’an, but only in the restricted form. 

In Surat al-Fatihah [1:3]:

“The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)”

And in Surat ‘Aal-Imran [3:26]:

Say [O Muhammad (ﷺ )]: “O Allaah! Possessor of the kingdom, You give the kingdom to whom You will, and You take the kingdom from whom You will, and You endue with honor whom You will, and You humiliate whom You will. In Your Hand is the good. Verily, You are Able to do all things.”

It is mentioned in the unrestricted form in the Sunnah. The Prophet ﷺ mentioned said:

أَغْيَظُ رَجُلٍ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَأَخْبَثُهُ وَأَغْيَظُهُ عَلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ كَانَ يُسَمَّى مَلِكَ الأَمْلاَكِ لاَ مَلِكَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ

The most wretched person in the sight of Allaah on the Day of Resurrection and the worst person and target of His wrath would be the person who is called Malik al-Amlak (the King of Kings) for there is no king but Allaah. [Muslim #2143]

The Difference between Al-Malik (The King) and Al-Maalik (The Owner):

Ash-Shawkani said that the Scholars differed with regards to the two names Malik and Maalik. Some of them said that the name Malik is more intensive and general, because every king owns, but not every owner can be a king, and because the command of the king is executed upon the owner. Others said Maalik is more general and intensive than Malik when praising Allaah because He is the Owner of mankind and the whole dominion. The truth is that every Attribute has a specialty that is not found in the other one. [Faid Al-Qadeer]

 

 

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Rules regarding the Names of Allaah (Part 2)

The Prophet said:

إِنَّ لِلَّهِ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ اسْمَا مِائَةً إِلاَّ وَاحِدًا مَنْ أَحْصَاهَا دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ

“Allaah has ninety-nine Names, i.e. one-hundred minus one, and whoever أحصاها will go to Paradise.” [Bukhaari]

The difference among the Scholars in enumerating the 99 Names is due to the difference of rules they follow in deducing the Names from the Qur’an and the Sunnah.

There are more than 99 Names of Allaah, but we are seeking the specific 99 which have significance. The significance is that whoever knows them, understands them, worships Allaah by them, and memorizes them, will enter Paradise.

Rule No. 4 – دلالة الاسم على الوصف (Every Name of Allaah should imply a Noble Attribute) Read the rest of this entry

Means which will aid a person in Seeking Knowledge (Part 2)

All the Scholars are in consensus in regards: there is nothing better than acquiring knowledge to come close to Allaah. It is أجل العبادات Ajal Ebadah (The loftiest act of worship).

Abu Hurairah narrated that the Prophet ﷺ  said: 

مَنْ جَاءَ مَسْجِدِي هَذَا لَمْ يَأْتِهِ إِلاَّ لِخَيْرٍ يَتَعَلَّمُهُ أَوْ يُعَلِّمُهُ فَهُوَ بِمَنْزِلَةِ الْمُجَاهِدِ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَمَنْ جَاءَ لِغَيْرِ ذَلِكَ فَهُوَ بِمَنْزِلَةِ الرَّجُلِ يَنْظُرُ إِلَى مَتَاعِ غَيْرِهِ 

Whoever comes to this mosque of mine, and only comes for a good purpose, such as to learn or to teach, his status is like that of one who fights in Jihaad in the Cause of Allaah. Whoever comes for any other purpose, his status is that of a man who is keeping an eye on other people’s property. [Ibn Maajah]

This Hadeeth emphasizes the importance of knowledge. It is of the same level as Jihaad in the Way of Allaah, as Allaah says in Surat at-Tawbah [9:122]:

“And it is not (proper) for the believers to go out to fight (Jihaad) all together. Of every troop of them, a party only should go forth, that they (who are left behind) may get instructions in (Islamic) religion, and that they may warn their people when they return to them, so that they may beware (of evil).”

In our previous post, we mentioned the first means – Taqwa, which will aid a person in seeking knowledge.

In this post, we present the second means which will aid a person in seeking knowledge:  Read the rest of this entry

The Importance of learning the Names of Allaah (Part 2)

عن النووي وَقَالَ الشَّافِعِيُّ رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ طَلَبُ الْعِلْمِ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ صَلَاةِ النَّافِلَةِ وَقَالَ لَيْسَ بَعْدَ الْفَرَائِضِ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ طَلَبِ الْعِلْمِ وَقَالَ مَنْ أَرَادَ الدُّنْيَا فَعَلَيْهِ بِالْعِلْمِ وَمَنْ أَرَادَ الْآخِرَةَ فَعَلَيْهِ بِالْعِلْمِ

An-Nawawi reported: Ash-Shafi’ee, (رحمه الله) said: “Seeking knowledge is better than voluntary prayers.” And he said: “Nothing after the obligations is better than seeking knowledge.” And he said: “Whoever desires the world should seek knowledge, and whoever desires the Hereafter should seek knowledge.” [Majmu’ Sharh Al-Muhadhab 1/42]

We ought to live in the Dunya by living for the Hereafter. And the best thing we should spend our lives and time in doing is acquiring knowledge. Acquiring knowledge is the most virtuous deed after the obligatory acts of worship.

One of the most important عبادات [Ibaadaat (acts of worship)] one should spend his life and time in, is acquiring knowledge. And the noblest, most important knowledge that one should seek is knowledge about Allaah:

1 – The Topic of the Names of Allaah form the Core of our Belief

The foundation of our Eeman is belief in the unseen. The first description of the believers is mentioned in Surat al-Baqarah [2:3]: They believe in the unseen يؤمنون بالغيب . And Allaah is Ghaib. The cornerstone of belief in the unseen الإيمان بالغيب is belief in Allaah.

 2 – Allaah Commands us to Believe in Him

We are commanded to believe in Allaah through the tongues of the Prophets and Messengers. How can one believe in Him when he does not know His Names and Attributes? – We have to believe in what Allaah has mentioned about His Noble Self through the tongues of the Messengers and Prophets.

Allaah commands us in Surat Al-Hadeed [57:7]:

“Believe in Allaah and His Messenger [Muhammad (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam)], and spend of that whereof He has made you trustees. And such of you as believe and spend (in Allaah’s Way), theirs will be a great reward.”

We should know Allaah and believe in Him with certainty; without doubt. And this knowledge and belief should have an effect on our actions.

E.g. One of the greatest Names which people always repeat is the Name of Allaah الرزاق (Ar-Razzaq – The Provider). The believer recalls this Name through the situations he goes through. If he sees people loving him, he will say that this is a رزق (Rizq – Provision) from Allaah. If he sees people turning away from him, he will say that this was not written as a رزق (Rizq – Provision) for him by Allaah. If he has a good neighbor or companion, he will say it is a رزق from Allaah. This is the believer, whose belief in the Name of Allaah الرزاق (Ar-Razzaq) has reached the level of certainty, such that he sees everything as a رزق from Allaah. He will not say: “People like me because I am good.” He uses the Names of Allaah in every situation he goes through.

When the knowledge of Allaah dominates the thoughts of the person, it means that his belief has reached the degree of certainty. And this increases through situations he goes through. Allaah will make the person go through situation after situation to increase him in certainty.

3 – Belief in Allaah is the Foundation of Ones Belief in the Other Pillars of Faith

The Connection between Belief in Allaah and Belief in the Day of Judgment: Allaah has appointed a day to account all mankind and Jinn.

The Connection between Belief in Allaah and Belief in the Angels: Allaah is the One who created the Angels in order to carry out His orders. He does not need them. He created them from light and they are great in creation, to indicate the greatness of the Creator.

The Connection between Belief in Allaah and Belief in the Qadar: Allaah decreed everything before the creation of the heavens and the earth by 50,000 years.

The Connection between Belief in Allaah and Belief in the Messengers and Books: Allaah chose and sent Messengers from amongst mankind, and He sent Books in order to guide the people to Tawheed. The universal message of the Prophets was Tawheed; to know Allaah and worship Him Alone.

The rest of the articles of faith are based on Belief in Allaah. If your belief in Allaah is weak, your belief in the Day of Judgment, and your belief in the Angels and the rest of the pillars of faith will also be weak.

Who is the believer? The believer is the person who receives news about the unseen from the Qur’an and Sunnah and believes in it with certainty. Then, this belief motivates him to take the correct action.

E.g. the believer hears that Allaah will grasp the earth on the Day of Judgment, and that He will roll the heavens like a scroll, and he accepts this news with certainty. He looks to the sky and thinks that one day Allaah will roll the heavens like a scroll. His thoughts are full of belief in the news he received in the Qur’an.

E.g. the believer hears that Allaah created Adam (عليه السلام) with His two Hands. He will have no doubt that Allaah created Adam (عليه السلام) from dust and with His two Hands, in the best form, and then taught Him the name of everything. Whoever believes in this with certainty will not accept it if someone tries to convince him of the theory of evolution and that we evolved from apes. His certain belief will reject that.

4 – The First Question we will be asked in our Graves is: Who is Your Lord?

In order to be able to answer this question, one should be able to know who Allaah is. One’s belief is not inherited from his forefathers. Belief is something that is attained with time and effort. People are not created hypocrites and believers; when they do actions they become either believers or hypocrites. Just because someone is born a Muslim does not mean that he will die a Muslim.

In order to be able to answer this question, one should be able to know who Allaah is. One’s belief is not inherited from his forefathers. Belief is something that is attained with time and effort. People are not created hypocrites and believers; when they do actions they become either believers or hypocrites. Just because someone is born a Muslim does not mean that he will die a Muslim.

5 – Knowing Allaah by His Names, Attributes and Actions affects the Attentiveness of our Hearts during Acts of Worship

When you know Allaah, your heart will be more attentive when performing acts of worship.

E.g. you say سمع الله لمن حمده (Sami’ Allaah Liman Hamidah – Allaah Hears who praises Him) in Salaat.

Your belief in the Name of Allaah السميع (The All-Hearer) is required from you in this position. Allaah Hears and Responds. Because you believe that Allaah Hears and Responds, you will say:

اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ مِلْءَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَمِلْءَ الأَرْضِ وَمِلْءَ مَا شِئْتَ مِنْ شَىْءٍ بَعْدُ

“Allaahumma Rabbana wa lakal-hamd, mil’as-samawati wa mil’al-ardi wa mil’ama shi’ta min shai’in ba’d” (O Allaah, our Lord, to You be the Praise, filling the heavens, filling the earth, and filling whatever else You will.) [An-Nasaa’i]

And you say it expecting reward from Allaah. Allaah Hears what you say, so you expect reward. Your firm belief that Allaah hears you, makes you say these words.

There are many acts of worships that are neglected or performed weakly because of lack of knowledge about Allaah.

E.g. الإستعاذة [Istiaadhah (Seeking Refuge with Allaah)] is an act of worship which we all practice, but what Names of Allaah should we bring in front of us when saying it? Seeking refuge means that there is something you are scared of. You are running away from something which is chasing you – the Waswaas (whispering) of the Shaytaan, fear of the future, etc. You are taking shelter in Allaah, who is العزيز (Al-Aziz), الحفيظ (Al-Hafeeth), القوي  (Al-Qawiyy), القهار (Al-Qahhar). When you are afraid you do not seek shelter in one who is weak, but in one who is strong. You are seeking refuge with the One Who is All-Strong, the Almighty, Whom no one can overpower or repel His Commands. If you are in His shelter and protection, no one can harm you. No one can escape from the Power of Allaah, everything is within His dominion. If this is your belief, your Istiaadhah الإستعاذة will be strong. Nothing will be able to scare you anymore.

Knowing Allaah by His Names and Attributes affects our acts of worships. Our acts of worships are weak and have no effect because our belief in Allaah is weak. The believer seeks refuge with Allaah while having full trust and confidence in Allaah. He does not doubt in Allaah. If you are seeking refuge with Allaah and there is no effect, it means that your belief is weak.

In all the verses where Allaah commands us to seek refuge from the Shaytaan, Allaah concluded it with the Name العليم  (Al-‘Aleem). Allaah knows how much you have trust and confidence in Him, and He will be for you as you think of Him.

Examine your Khushoo’ in your prayer, your Tawakkul in your affairs, etc.

6 – Psychological and Mental Health

Nowadays, many people are not concerned with taking the means for their mental health, for rest and peace of mind. In Arabic this is called صلاح البال – where the heart and mind is peaceful and at rest. In Surat Muhammad [47:2]:

وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ وَآمَنُوا بِمَا نُزِّلَ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَهُوَ الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّهِمْ كَفَّرَ عَنْهُمْ سَيِّئَاتِهِمْ وَأَصْلَحَ بَالَهُمْ

“But those who believe and do righteous good deeds, and believe in that which is sent down to Muhammad (salla Allaahu alaihi wa sallam), for it is the truth from their Lord, He will expiate from them their sins, and will make good their state.”

أي: أصلح دينهم ودنياهم، وقلوبهم وأعمالهم، وأصلح ثوابهم، بتنميته وتزكيته، وأصلح جميع أحوالهم،

Meaning: He will reform their Religion and their worldly affairs, their hearts and deeds, and He will reform their reward, by cultivating and purifying it, and He will reform all of their affairs.

Why did Allaah do all that for them? In verse 3:

ذَلِكَ بِأنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا اتَّبَعُوا الْبَاطِلَ وَأنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّبَعُوا الْحَقَّ مِنْ رَبِّهِمْ كَذَلِكَ يَضْرِبُ اللَّهُ لِلنَّاسِ أمْثَالَهُمْ

“That is because those who disbelieve follow falsehood, while those who believe follow the truth from their Lord. Thus does Allaah set forth their parables for mankind.”

والسبب في ذلك أنهم: ﴿اتبعوا الْحَقُّ﴾

And the reason for that is because they (اتبعوا الحق – Follow the Truth)

 

 

 

Means which will aid a person in Seeking Knowledge

Acquiring knowledge is one of the noblest acts of worship with which one can draw nearer to Allaah. Allaah made knowledge a counterpart to Jihaad in Surat at-Tawbah [9:122]:

“And it is not (proper) for the believers to go out to fight (Jihaad) all together. Of every troop of them, a party only (i.e. some of them) should go forth, that they (who are left behind) may receive instructions in (Islamic) religion, and that they may warn their people when they return to them, so that they may beware (of evil).”

The Prophet said:

من يرد الله به خيرًا يفقه في الدين

If Allaah wants to do good to a person, He makes him comprehend the Religion (I.e. understand the Qur’an and Sunnah.” [Al-Bukhaari]

So if you see that Allaah (Ta’ala) has opened the gates of understanding the Religion for you, then receive the glad tidings that Allaah wants good for you. This is a blessing from Allaah for certain people whom He chooses; not just for anyone. Read the rest of this entry

The Name of Allaah: Allaah (Part 2)

The Meaning of the Name الله: 

The best and most concise explanation of this Name is as narrated by Ibn ‘Abbaas (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhuma).

He said:

الله ذو الألوهية و العبودية على خلقه أجمعين

Allaah is the Owner of divinity and worship over all His creation

This meaning of the Name is comprised of two parts:

One part pertains to Allaah and the second part pertains to the slave.

ذو الألوهية  و العبودية على خلقة أجمعين

ذوا —  Owner (صاحب)

الألوهية — The one who deserves to be loved and magnified most Read the rest of this entry

Rules regarding the Names of Allaah (Part 1)

 

The Prophet ﷺ said:

إِنَّ لِلَّهِ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ اسْمَا مِائَةً إِلاَّ وَاحِدًا مَنْ أَحْصَاهَا دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ

“Allaah has ninety-nine Names, i.e. one-hundred minus one, and whoever أحصاها will go to Paradise.” [Bukhaari]

 Al-Ihsaa (الإحصاء ) does not refer to enumerating them. It refers to knowing the meaning of every Name, what the Name implies of Attributes, the impact of that attribute in your life, to worship Allaah according to that Name, and finally to memorize that Name.

Some Scholars have named more than 99 Names of Allaah. But, if you apply the rules, then it adds up to exactly 99.

Rule No. 1 – أسماء الله توقيفية (The Names of Allaah are limited to the Qur’an and Sunnah.)

This means that the source of the Names should be restricted to the Qur’an and the Sunnah. There are names such as An-Nadheef “النظيف” or Al-Majeed “الماجد” or Al-Wajeed “الواجد” yet, you do not find these names in the Qur’an or the Sunnah. Read the rest of this entry

The Name of Allaah: Allaah (Part 1)

The noblest knowledge is the knowledge about Allaah and the greatest verse in the Qur’an is Ayat al-Kursi because it talks about Allaah. Surat al-Ikhlas is equal to one third of the Qur’an because it tells you who Allaah is. Allaah honored His Messenger Muhammad ﷺ by teaching Him about His noble self, and the Messenger ﷺ taught us. 

If people are abandoning the noblest knowledge, then what are they acquiring? If they are acquiring knowledge related to the Dunya and are ignoring to learn about who Allaah is, what will their degrees or worldly knowledge benefit them on the Day of Judgment? If a person does not know who Allaah is, but is an expert in mathematics, how will he say “my Lord is Allaah” in his grave, whilst he does not know who Allaah is? The first question a person will be asked in his grave is: “Who is your Lord?” And the believer will answer: “ربي الله” (My Lord is Allaah).

We have to know Allaah by His Names, Attributes, and Actions. These are all included in the answer: ربي الله (My Lord is Allaah). This is a very concise answer, which if a person answers with, he is considered a successful person with Allaah. His grave will turn into a bed from Paradise; it will be made vast for him, and a window to Paradise will be opened for him. 

What is the meaning of لا اله الا الله ? Read the rest of this entry