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The Last Verses of Surat Al-Hashr (Part 2)

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The greatest matter in the Qur’an is the news of Allaah. The Qur’an was not revealed except to tell us who Allaah is, in order that we worship Him. Therefore, we should draw special attention to the verses and Surahs that describe Allaah.

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The Last Verses of Surat Al-Hashr (Part 1)

The most important matter mentioned in the Qur’an is about Allaah. Therefore whenever we recite the Qur’an, our intention should be to learn about Allaah.

There are many verses in the Qur’an which only talk about Allaah.

Once the Prophet (SallaAllahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) asked Ubayy ibn Ka’b (رضي الله عنه): “O Abul-Mundhir, do you know which verse from the Book of Allaah that you have learned is the greatest?” He (رضي الله عنه) said: “Allaahu la ilaha illa Huwa (None has the right to be worshipped but He) Al-Hayyul-Qayyum (the Ever-Living, the One who sustains and protects all that exists) [2:255].” The Prophet (SallaAllahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) struck him in the chest and said: “I congratulate you on your knowledge, O Abul-Mundhir.”

[Muslim no. 810]

There are 27 Names and Attributes of Allaah in Ayat Al-Kursi. 

– This Hadeeth shows us that Ubayy (رضي الله عنه) was a learned person from among the Companions. He knew the greatest verse in the Book of Allaah.

– If Ayat Al-Kursi is the greatest verse in the Qur’an, it shows us some verses have more superiority than others, although all of it is the Speech of Allaah. The content of the verse or Surah makes it greater in Allaah’s sight.

Similary, the Surah which equates one-third of the Qur’an is Surah Al-Ikhlas because it tells us about Allaah. 

The Qur’an consists of three basic matters:

1) Allaah; His Names, Attributes, and Actions          2) The Law           3) The Unseen News 

Another example is in Surah Al-Hashr [59:18-24].

The verses start with Allaah addressing the believers to have Taqwa of Allaah:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَلْتَنظُرْ نَفْسٌ مَّا قَدَّمَتْ لِغَدٍ ۖ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ

O you who believe! Fear Allaah and keep your duty to Him. And let every person look to what he has sent forth for the morrow, and fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is All-Aware of what you do.

#1 – يا أيها الذين ءآمنوا اتقوا الله {O you who believe! Fear Allaah}

At-Tabari said: Allaah addresses those who have believed in Him and singled Him out in worship to have Taqwa of Him which pertains to obeying Him and fearing Him, in secret and in public, and in all situations, and to respect what He has commanded of commandments, laws, and limits. 

#2 – ولتنظر نفس ما قدمت لغد {Let every person look at what he has sent forth in the morrow}

Hold yourselves accountable before you are recompensed and contemplate what you have kept for yourselves of good deeds for the Day of your return and presentation before your Lord.

Everyone should take account of his self for whatever he does of good or evil before he is taken to account on the Day of Judgment. Prepare for the questions that Allaah will ask you on the Day of Judgment. If you do good, ask why you did that good deed and if you did evil, ask why you did that evil deed.

#3 – و اتقوا الله {Fear Allaah}

Allaah commands to have Taqwa again.

إن الله خبير بما تعملون” {Verily Allaah is All-Aware of what you do}

What can help us fear and obey Allaah? To know that He is All-Acquainted with us and what we do. He knows the secrets of the hearts; what makes you do that deed and what makes you commit that sin.

After that, Allaah forbade us from being like those who forgot Him:

وَلَا تَكُونُوا كَالَّذِينَ نَسُوا اللَّهَ فَأَنسَاهُمْ أَنفُسَهُمْ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ

And be not like those who forgot Allaah (i.e. became disobedient to Allaah) and He caused them to forget their own selves, (let them forget to do righteous deeds). Those are the Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allaah).

و لا تكونوا كالذين نسوا الله” {And be not like those who forgot Allaah}

They forgot to remember Allaah, and remembrance of Allaah isn’t limited to uttering words of Dhikr, but it entails as Ibn Al-Qayyim mentioned:

a) To praise Allaah and glorify Him by uttering words of Dhikr

b) To remember the impacts of Allaah’s Attributes and His Actions 

E.g. Allaah elevates, gives, provides, prevents, accepts, etc.

c) To remember the laws of Allaah; His commands and prohibitions.

d) To remember Allaah when you carry out the commands of Allaah.

e) To remember the favors of Allaah and His bounties 

How will Allaah deal with those who forgot Him?

فأنساهم أنفسهم” {So He caused them to forget themselves}

Allaah makes them forget to do good deeds that would benefit them. Allaah makes them forget to repent. And even worse than that, on the Day of Judgment Allaah will abandon them in Hell-Fire. The recompense is of the same nature as the deed.

Allaah tells us not to be like these people: 

أولآئك هم الفاسقون” {Those are the rebellious and disobedient to Allaah}

Then Allaah says in verse 20:

لَا يَسْتَوِي أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ وَأَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ ۚ أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ هُمُ الْفَائِزُونَ

Not equal are the dwellers of the Fire and the dwellers of the Paradise. It is the dwellers of Paradise that will be successful.

The People of Paradise have Taqwa of Allaah, they prepare for the Hereafter and are not heedless of His remembrance.
The People of Hell did not give Allaah His due magnification and fear Him. Hence, they took committing sins lightly and did not prepare for the Hereafter.
They are not equal.
On the Day of Judgment, there will be two categories of people: The People of Paradise and the People of the Fire.

Allaah then sets a parable in verse 21:

لَوْ أَنزَلْنَا هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنَ عَلَىٰ جَبَلٍ لَّرَأَيْتَهُ خَاشِعًا مُّتَصَدِّعًا مِّنْ خَشْيَةِ اللَّهِ ۚ وَتِلْكَ الْأَمْثَالُ نَضْرِبُهَا لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

Had We sent down this Quran on a mountain, you would surely have seen it humbling itself and rending (breaking) asunder out of fear of Allaah. Such are the parables which We put forward to mankind that they may reflect.

لو أنزلنا القرآن على جبل” {Had we sent down this Qur’an on a mountain}

What would happen?

لرأيته خاشعا متصدعا من خشية الله” {You would have surely seen it humbling itself and rending asunder from the fear of Allaah}

This is the effect of the Qur’an when it comes down onto the mountain.

و تلك الأمثال نضربها للناس” {Such are the descriptions We put forward to mankind} 

What you just heard before is a مثل ‘mathal’.

The word مثل has three meanings:

a) وصف (Description), like in Surah Muhammad [47:15]

b) نموذج (Model), like in Surah At-Tahreem [66:10-11]

c) مثل (Parable), like in Surah Al-Baqarah [2:261]

In Surah Al-Hashr it takes the first meaning. Allaah is describing the mountain; that if the Qur’an was sent down upon it, it would humble itself and crumble out of fear of Allaah. If that is the effect of a mountain then what about you? Why doesn’t the Qur’an have an effect on you although you understand the Qur’an.

What is the link between this verse and the three previous verses?

Verse 18 consists of commands and verse 19 consists of prohibitions. When this Qur’an is sent down upon a mountain, look at the effect of that on the mountain. When you come across the commands and prohibitions of Allaah, rush to obey Allaah even if your hearts are like the solid mountains. It will have an effect on your hearts just like the Qur’an had an effect on the mountains. The hardness of your heart should not prevent you from acting upon the command of Allaah.

As-Sa’di said: “Allaah duly explained various things to His slaves and ordered them and prohibited for them in His glorious book. This should compel [Allaah’s faithful worshippers] to rush to perform what He has commanded and encouraged them to do even if they feel they are as hard and hard hearted as solid mountains. Had this Qur’an been revealed by Allaah to a mountain, one will see the mountain humble and crushed out of fear of Allaah, because of its advice and admonitions.”

 

The Name of Allaah, Ar-Razzaq (Part 4)

Recap

Allaah is the One that sustains and guarantees provision for all of creation. He provides for the believer and disbeliever; the enemy and the friend. He drives the means of earning to the weak who have no means. He is Ar-Razzaq who gives provision after provision; sustenance followed by sustenance. His providing has not ceased ever since He created the creation. His provision is of two kinds:

1) General Provision

This is for all of creation and it is the provision and nourishment of the body.

2) Special Provision

This is particular to the believers and it is the nourishment of the hearts with faith and knowledge. It is also inclusive of lawful earnings which aid the Religion of a person.

Continuation: The Impact of these Names on our Belief  – Taken from Fiqh Al-Asmaa by Shaikh Abdul-Razzaq Al-Badr

#1 – Allaah reminds His servants in many verses in the Qur’an that He alone is their Provider / Sustainer who guarantees their food and Rizq. This word “Rizq” has been mentioned in two contexts in the Qur’an:  Read the rest of this entry

The Name of Allaah, Ar-Razzaq (Part 1)

The importance of  studying Allaah’s Name Ar-Razzaq is the present time

During the Jahiliyyah (Days of Ignorance) before Islam, people used to kill their children out of fear of poverty. What made them do that? There was something important missing from their minds – and that is the concept of Rizq. Allaah says in Surat Al-Israa’ [17:30]:

We must believe in the fact that Allaah is the One Who gives and prevents. He is the One Who extends the provision to whomever He wills, and He is the One Who restricts it. If the people had understood this matter they would not have killed their children. Therefore, at the end of the verse, Allaah says: 

إنه بعباده خبيرا بَصِيرا – Verily, He is Ever All-Aware, All-Seer of His slaves.

Allaah is All-Aware of His servants. He knows who deserves to have His Rizq broadened and who does not. He knows what suits everybody.

إنه = (The reason) التعليلية

I.e. Why does Allaah restrict it for some and extend it for some? Because He is All-Aware, All-Seer.

In verse 31: 

“And kill not your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them and for you. Surely, the killing of them is a great sin.” Read the rest of this entry

The Importance of Knowing the Names of Allaah

The first position in the Qur’an where the word “أسماء” (Asmaa) is mentioned is in Surat Al-Baqarah [2:31] in the Story of Adam عليه السلام, when Allaah says: 

“And He taught Adam all the names (of everything), then He showed them to the angels and said, “Tell Me the names of these if you are truthful.”

The Angels replied: 

“They (angels) said: ‘Glory be to You, we have no knowledge except what you have taught us. Verily, it is You, the All-Knower, the All-Wise.’”

Why do the Angels say “سبحانك” (Glory be to You)? Because no creature can ever acquire any part of Allaah’s knowledge except by His permission. Nor can anyone know anything unless Allaah teaches them.  Read the rest of this entry

The Name of Allaah: Al-Malik Al-Mulk (Part 14)

Continuation of The Name of Allaah: Al-Malik Al-Mulk (Part 13)

#8 – Allaah is “مالك يوم الدين” (The Only King of the Day of Recompense)

In Surat Al-Fatihah [1:3], Allaah tells us that He is the only true King of the Day of Judgment. 

What is the wisdom behind Allaah particularizing the Day of Judgment while He is the Owner of all days?

On the Day of Judgment, the true sovereignty of Allaah will be shown clearly to all people, including the kings of this world. On that Day, they (the kings of this world) will stand with the rest of the slaves of Allaah waiting for the recompense of Allaah; in fear of His punishment and in hope of His forgiveness. No one will dispute with Allaah regarding His kingship on the Day of Judgment. 

In this world we see the kings of the Dunya forgetting the true King. On the Day of Judgment, His true sovereignty will be shown to all of mankind. Read the rest of this entry

The Name of Allaah: Al-Malik Al-Mulk (Part 13)

#6 – Because Allaah is Al-Malik, He should be obeyed

Allaah, Al-Malik (The King), to Him belongs the whole dominion. He disposes the affairs of the whole dominion with His three kinds of commands:

a) Legal Commands

b) Decreed Commands

c) Recompense

Whenever Allaah decides a matter, what should the attitude of the servants be? We should obey Him. It is not for one to disobey Him or be reluctant. We should comply with the command immediately. This is exemplified in the “Story of the Cow” in Surat Al-Baqarah.

Continuation: Lessons from the Story of the Cow in Surat Al-Baqarah

After Allaah revealed the identity of the killer, and Allaah showed Bani Israeel the signs of His greatness, ability, perfection, and the truthfulness of Musa (Moses) عليه السلام, what was the attitude of Bani Israeel? Read the rest of this entry

The Name of Allaah: Al-Malik Al-Mulk (Part 12)

Surat Al-Baqarah is the longest Surah in the Qur’an. It was revealed upon the Prophet (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) over a 10 year period.

Theme of the Surah: This Surah mainly consists of التشريعات (At-Tashree-aat) legislations.

Ibn Taymiyah (رحمه الله) said: “The basis of every legislation in the Qur’an is in Surat Al-Baqarah.”

Name of the Surah: سورة البقرة Surat Al-Baqarah (The Cow)

Connection between the name and the theme of the Surah: Allaah warns us against being like Bani Israeel. The command of Allaah came to them and they showed stubbornness and did not comply with it. As a result, Allaah took the caliphate from Bani Israeel and gave it to the Muslim nation.

What should our attitude be as a Muslim nation? We should say: “سمعنا و أطعنا” (We hear and we obey). We should not be like Bani Israeel who said “أتتخذنا هزوا” (Do you make fun of us?)

Lessons from the Story of the Cow Read the rest of this entry