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24th April- The Permissible Actions towards Non-Muslims

The Permissible Actions towards Non-Muslims

 1) It is permissible for non-Muslims to work in Muslim countries, without giving them authority over the Muslims.

The Prophet ﷺ hired a Mushrik during the Hijrah as a guide, and used the Jews of Khaibar to work on the Farm – and they received half the harvest.


2) It is permissible for the Muslim to help the needy amongst the كفار, and their sick people.

Surat Al Baqarah Verse 195: 

وَأَنفِقُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَلَا تُلْقُوا بِأَيْدِيكُمْ إِلَى التَّهْلُكَةِ ۛ وَأَحْسِنُوا ۛ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ 

And spend in the way of Allah and do not throw [yourselves] with your [own] hands into destruction [by refraining]. And do good; indeed, Allah loves the doers of good. 

3) If you have a non-Muslim relative, it is recommended to join relations between them by giving them gifts, visiting them, etc, but don’t take them as companions such that you perpetually are with them (with the exception of your parents) especially if you fear their fitnah. The non-Muslim has a right on you because he’s your relative.

Surat Al Isra Verse 26: 

وَآتِ ذَا الْقُرْبَىٰ حَقَّهُ وَالْمِسْكِينَ وَابْنَ السَّبِيلِ وَلَا تُبَذِّرْ تَبْذِيرًا 

And give the relative his right, and [also] the poor and the traveler, and do not spend wastefully. 

Surat Luqman Verse 15: 

وَإِن جَاهَدَاكَ عَلَىٰ أَن تُشْرِكَ بِي مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ فَلَا تُطِعْهُمَا ۖ وَصَاحِبْهُمَا فِي الدُّنْيَا مَعْرُوفًا ۖ وَاتَّبِعْ سَبِيلَ مَنْ أَنَابَ إِلَيَّ ۚ ثُمَّ إِلَيَّ مَرْجِعُكُمْ فَأُنَبِّئُكُم بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ 

But if they endeavor to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them but accompany them in [this] world with appropriate kindness and follow the way of those who turn back to Me [in repentance]. Then to Me will be your return, and I will inform you about what you used to do. 

Surat Al Mumtahana Verse 8: 

لَّا يَنْهَاكُمُ اللَّهُ عَنِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجُوكُم مِّن دِيَارِكُمْ أَن تَبَرُّوهُمْ وَتُقْسِطُوا إِلَيْهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُقْسِطِينَ 

Allah does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion and do not expel you from your homes – from being righteous toward them and acting justly toward them. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly. 

5) It is recommended to entertain the Kaafir guest, but it is not permissible to accept their invitation because there is showing love for them in doing that. And when you entertain the non-Muslim guest, do so without humiliating yourself to him. Lowering and humiliating yourself to them is Haraam and one of the Major sins.

6) It is permissible to eat with them during occasions without making it a habit.

7) It is permissible to deal with the Kaafir in worldly matters (such as doing business, selling, buying, etc)

-The Prophet dealt with the Jews and bought from them.

-Also after the battle of Badr, the Prophet ransomed the prisoners in return that they teach the Muslim children reading and writing.

8) It is permissible for a Muslim man to marry a woman from the People of the Scriptures (Jews and Christians).

But there are conditions:

1) She should be chaste

2) He and his future children should be safe from her having an effect on their religion.

Due to this, it’s not a recommended practice. It’s better for the Muslim man and his future children that he marry a Muslim woman. ‘Umar bin Khattab used to blame those who got married to non-Muslim women, and recommended that they divorce them. Mothers have more effect on the children than the father.

Surat Al Ma’idah Verse 5: 

الْيَوْمَ أُحِلَّ لَكُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ ۖ وَطَعَامُ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ حِلٌّ لَّكُمْ وَطَعَامُكُمْ حِلٌّ لَّهُمْ ۖ وَالْمُحْصَنَاتُ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَالْمُحْصَنَاتُ مِنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ إِذَا آتَيْتُمُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ مُحْصِنِينَ غَيْرَ مُسَافِحِينَ وَلَا مُتَّخِذِي أَخْدَانٍ ۗ وَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِالْإِيمَانِ فَقَدْ حَبِطَ عَمَلُهُ وَهُوَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ 

This day [all] good foods have been made lawful, and the food of those who were given the Scripture is lawful for you and your food is lawful for them. And [lawful in marriage are] chaste women from among the believers and chaste women from among those who were given the Scripture before you, when you have given them their due compensation, desiring chastity, not unlawful sexual intercourse or taking [secret] lovers. And whoever denies the faith – his work has become worthless, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers. 

The Muslim man is not allowed to marry other than the Jewish and Christian woman, under the consensus of all the scholars. Otherwise his marriage is considered false – he’s considered to have illegal relations between that woman, and all his children with her are considered illegitimate.

Surat Al Baqarah Verse 221:  

وَلَا تَنكِحُوا الْمُشْرِكَاتِ حَتَّىٰ يُؤْمِنَّ ۚ وَلَأَمَةٌ مُّؤْمِنَةٌ خَيْرٌ مِّن مُّشْرِكَةٍ وَلَوْ أَعْجَبَتْكُمْ ۗ وَلَا تُنكِحُوا الْمُشْرِكِينَ حَتَّىٰ يُؤْمِنُوا ۚ وَلَعَبْدٌ مُّؤْمِنٌ خَيْرٌ مِّن مُّشْرِكٍ وَلَوْ أَعْجَبَكُمْ ۗ أُولَٰئِكَ يَدْعُونَ إِلَى النَّارِ ۖ وَاللَّهُ يَدْعُو إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ وَالْمَغْفِرَةِ بِإِذْنِهِ ۖ وَيُبَيِّنُ آيَاتِهِ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَذَكَّرُونَ 

And do not marry polytheistic women until they believe. And a believing slave woman is better than a polytheist, even though she might please you. And do not marry polytheistic men [to your women] until they believe. And a believing slave is better than a polytheist, even though he might please you. Those invite [you] to the Fire, but Allah invites to Paradise and to forgiveness, by His permission. And He makes clear His verses to the people that perhaps they may remember. 

The Muslim woman is forbidden from marrying a non-Muslim.

9) It is permissible for the Muslims to seek the help of the disbelievers against people who transgressed against them.

There are two conditions to be fulfilled:

1) They have no other means of repelling that harm.

2) The Muslims should be safe from the disbelievers’ plotting and harm, and the disbelievers shouldn’t be given military leadership over the Muslims.

10) It is permissible for a Muslim to go to a non-Muslim doctor, if he’s a trustworthy, good person.

11) It is permissible to pay the Zakat to non-Muslims you want to endear Islam to- المؤلفات قلوبهم .

Surat At Tawbah Verse 60: 

إِنَّمَا الصَّدَقَاتُ لِلْفُقَرَاءِ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَالْعَامِلِينَ عَلَيْهَا وَالْمُؤَلَّفَةِ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَفِي الرِّقَابِ وَالْغَارِمِينَ وَفِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ ۖ فَرِيضَةً مِّنَ اللَّهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ 

Zakah expenditures are only for the poor and for the needy and for those employed to collect [zakah] and for bringing hearts together [for Islam] and for freeing captives [or slaves] and for those in debt and for the cause of Allah and for the [stranded] traveler – an obligation [imposed] by Allah . And Allah is Knowing and Wise. 


12) It is permissible for a Muslim to partake with a non-Muslim in business, with the condition that the Muslim is the one supervising it. This is in order that nothing unlawful takes place.

13) It is permissible to accept a gift from a Kaafir (other than during their religious festivals – because it’s related to their religious festival and indicates your approval of it) as long as the gift won’t make you feel inferior towards them.

14) It is permissible for the Muslim to work under a company run by the disbelievers, as long as he’s not humiliated, or working doing a personal service (i.e. being a servant) towards them. We shouldn’t feel inferior to them.

[From تسهيل العقيدة الاسلامية by عبد الله بن عبد العزيز الجبرين]