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The Name of Allah العليمAl-‘Aleem [Part 4]

Impacts of Believing in the Name of Allah العليم

In his explanation of Allah’s Name Al-‘Aleem العليم in Fiqh of Names of Allah فقه الأسماء الحسنى, Sheikh Abdur-Razzaq Al-Badr (حفظه الله) said:

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Allah mentioned the vastness of His Knowledge in many verses. He said:

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The Name of Allah Al-‘Aleem العليم (Part 15)

This post is a continuation of  the Name of Allah Al-‘Aleem العليم (Part 14) in which  we mentioned the three ranks of Qadar – Decree in detail. This post takes off from where we stopped in the Part 14, explaining the fourth rank of Al-Qadar – Decree.

Al-Qadar (Decree) has two meanings:

1) التقدير – at-Taqdeer  Allah’s action of decreeing

2) المقدر – al-Muqaddar  What Allah has decreed before the creation of the heavens and earth by 50,000 years.

When you believe in the Qadar, you believe in the Ruboobiyyah of Allah (Allah’s action of decreeing).

The fourth rank of Al-Qadar is the Creation.

4) Creation (الخلق)

We believe that Allah is the Creator of everything خالق كل. There is nothing in the heavens or on the earth but Allah has created it. He is its Owner, He disposes its affairs, and He has full authority and power over it. Allah has created everything, including our actions.

Our actions comprise two things:

a) Firm Will إرادة جازمة

b) Ability

Read the rest of this entry

The Name of Allah Al-‘Aleem العليم (Part 13)

The Name of Allah العليم is one of His greatest Names. If a person acts upon this Name, it will help him take care of his heart. When a person is aware of Allah’s knowledge of even the slightest movement of his heart, he knows that Allah will surely take account of it.

Allah has particularized the Knowledge of the Unseen to His Noble Self.

In Surat al-An’am [6:59]:

“And with Him are the keys of the Ghaib (all that is hidden), none knows them but He. And He knows whatever there is in (or on) the earth and in the sea; not a leaf falls, but he knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of the earth nor anything fresh or dry, but is written in a Clear Record.”

Tawheed consists of affirmation and negation.

“و عنده مفاتح الغيب لا يعلمها إلا هو”  is a statement of Tawheed (monotheism).

Negation: لا يعلمها (No one knows the Unseen)

Affirmation: إلا هو  (Except Allah)

This is Tawheed in regards to the Attribute of the Knowledge of the Unseen – صفة علم الغيب

In Surat an-Naml [27:65]:

“Say: “None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghaib (unseen) except Allah, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected.”

Negation: لا يعلم من في السماوات و الأرض الغيب No one in the heavens and on the earth knows the unseen.

Affirmation: إلا الله (except Allah)

Allah mentions in many verses in the Qur’an, that He is the All Knower of all the unseen – علام الغيوب. In Surat al Luqman [31:34], Allah mentions five examples of the unseen: Read the rest of this entry

The Name of Allaah العليم Al-‘Aleem (Part 12)

Allah’s Name العليم   implies the attribute of العلم   (Knowledge). Allah is attributed with having knowledge, and the creation also has knowledge. How can we single Allah out with this attribute? Last week’s post introduced us to the difference between Allah’s Knowledge and creation’s knowledge with evidences from the Qur’an. This week we look further into understanding where we stand with our deficient knowledge, and the reality of the creation’s knowledge. Read the rest of this entry

The Name of Allaah العليم Al-‘Aleem (Part 11)

Attaining Taqwa by knowing Allaah by His Name Al ‘Aleem

We, as believers want to attain Taqwa because Allah has prepared Paradise for Al-Muttaqeen – the pious.

What is Taqwa?

The Prophet ﷺ   pointed to his chest three times and said:

“التقوى هاهنا”

“Taqwa is here” [Muslim]

When asked about Taqwa, Talq bin Habib said: Read the rest of this entry

The Name of Allah – Al ‘Aleem العليم [Part 9]

Read  The name of Allah – Al ‘Aleem العليم [Part 8]

The Name العليم Al- ‘Aleem is profusely mentioned in the context of good deeds. This is in order to encourage  people to perfect the good deeds they perform. Many people may perform good deeds such as charity, but do not perfect it due to the fact that they are heedless that Allah knows about their deeds.

Allah uses the Name العليم Al ‘Aleem  in the context of encouraging us to spend, perform Jihad, and also in the context of repentance,  as mentioned previously. 

1- The Name العليم  in the Context of التوكل (Reliance on Allah) Read the rest of this entry

The Name of Allah – Al ‘Aleem العليم [Part 7]

Impacts of Believing in the Name of Allah  العليم

And Allah mentioned that His Knowledge encompasses the secrets, the open, the unseen, and the seen.

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Evidences:

f) Surah Ta-Ha [20:110]:

“He (Allah) knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them (in the Hereafter), and they will never encompass anything of His Knowledge.”

No matter how much knowledge a person may have, he will never be able to encompass any of Allah’s Attributes. The Knowledge we have is nothing in comparison to the Knowledge of Allah. “و لا يحيطون به علما”

We only know what He taught us.

NOTE: All the narrations which say that the distance between the heavens and earth is 500 years have a dispute with regards to its authenticity.  Allah Knows the distance. But there are seven heavens, the Kursi, Water, the Throne, and Allah is above the Throne. Though He is the Most High, He knows everything that happens in the earth and in the universe. He sees the black ant walking over the black rock in the darkness of the night. He knows what is in our hearts, he knows the fraud of the eyes, what thoughts go through our mind. Have we given Allah His due estimate? Read the rest of this entry

The Name of Allah – Al ‘Aleem العليم [Part 6]

And Allah mentioned that His Knowledge encompasses the secrets, the open, the unseen, and the seen.

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Ibn Uthaymeen رحمه الله said that the heart is always concerned and intending to do things. It either is preoccupied with intending good, or preoccupied with intending evil.

The Prophet ﷺ said:

“إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَتَبَ الْحَسَنَاتِ وَالسَّيِّئَاتِ، ثُمَّ بَيَّنَ ذَلِكَ

“Allah ordered (the appointed angels over you) that the good and the bad deeds be written, and He then showed (the way) how (to write).

فَمَنْ هَمَّ بِحَسَنَةٍ فَلَمْ يَعْمَلْهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ لَهُ عِنْدَهُ حَسَنَةً كَامِلَةً، 

If somebody intends to do a good deed and he does not do it, then Allah will write for him a full good deed (in his account with Him);

e.g. He wants to perform ablution to recite the Quran. If he does not do it, regardless if it is intentional or unintentional, it will be written as a good deed for him.

فَإِنْ هُوَ هَمَّ بِهَا فَعَمِلَهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ لَهُ عِنْدَهُ عَشْرَ حَسَنَاتٍ إِلَى سَبْعِمِائَةِ ضِعْفٍ إِلَى أَضْعَافٍ كَثِيرَةٍ،

and if he intends to do a good deed and actually did it, then Allah will write for him (in his account) with Him (its reward equal) from ten to seven hundred times to many more times: 

The difference in reward is according to how much sincerity the person has and how much he follows the Sunnah. Ibn Othaimeen رحمه الله said that the more sincere a person is, and the more he follows the Sunnah, the more his reward will be. The less his sincerity, the less he follows the Sunnah, the less reward he will get. This is why the reward varies between people, although they may have performed the same deed. Read the rest of this entry