The Importance of Knowledge
The status of knowledge is not hidden in our Religion. It is the basis. Neither the Shari’ah nor one’s servitude to Allaah, which is the purpose behind our existence in life, will be fulfilled without it. Allaah says in Surah Muhammad [47:19]:
فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لِذَنبِكَ
“So know [O Muhammad (SallaAllahu ‘alaihi wa sallam)] that La ilaha illa-Allaah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah), and ask forgiveness for your sin.”
Allaah first commands the Prophet (SallaAllahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) to know, then to act.
Teaching the Learner, the Methodology of Learning is a book written by Burhan ad-Deen az-Zarnooji. Like Ibn Jama’ah, Burhan ad-Deen az-Zarnooji was from the 6th Century. He was from a place called Zarnooj in Turkistan. This book is his only work that has been discovered.
You can find the Arabic PDF version of this book here
All praise be to Allaah Who favored the Children of Adam with knowledge and action over the rest of the world. And may peace and blessings be upon the Prophet Muhammad, the master of the Arabs and non-Arabs, and upon his family and companions from whom knowledge and wisdom spring.
And what follows:
I have observed that many seekers of knowledge in our time work hard towards knowledge but do not attain it (i.e. they are deprived from its benefits and fruits, which are gained by acting upon it and spreading it). This is because they mistake its path and abandon its conditions, and whomsoever mistakes the path will be misled and fail to reach his objective, be it little or great. Therefore, I desired to elucidate the methodology of learning according to what I have seen in books or heard from my learned and wise teachers.
Shaikh Hasan Bukhaari commented on this book, saying
- The fruits and benefits of knowledge are not a certificate which you get or a test which you pass. Rather, it is acting upon what you learn and teaching it to others.
- Whoever does not enter from the right gate to knowledge will not reach his goal. Knowledge has one way of entry and that is by taking care of its manners. If you lack manners, you will not reach your goal.
Chapter 1 – The Nature of Knowledge and Understanding and its Merits Read the rest of this entry
The Prophet ﷺ said:
من يرد الله به خيرا يفقه في الدين
“If Allaah wills good for a person He bestows comprehension of the Religion upon him.” [Agreed Upon]
Religious knowledge has many merits. In order to attain these merits, we have to follow the correct means of acquiring knowledge. In his book “The Book of Knowledge – “كتاب العلم“, Ibn ‘Uthaimeen (رحمه الله) mentioned some means which will help the student of knowledge in his seeking knowledge.
3- Memorization (Al-Hifdh –الحفظ )
It is required for the student of knowledge to be keen on studying and learning accurately, either by memorizing the knowledge by heart or by writing it down. This is due to the forgetful nature of the human being. If one does not take care of reviewing and memorizing the knowledge, it will be lost and forgotten. Read the rest of this entry
All the Scholars are in consensus in regards: there is nothing better than acquiring knowledge to come close to Allaah. It is أجل العبادات Ajal Ebadah (The loftiest act of worship).
Abu Hurairah narrated that the Prophet ﷺ said:
مَنْ جَاءَ مَسْجِدِي هَذَا لَمْ يَأْتِهِ إِلاَّ لِخَيْرٍ يَتَعَلَّمُهُ أَوْ يُعَلِّمُهُ فَهُوَ بِمَنْزِلَةِ الْمُجَاهِدِ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَمَنْ جَاءَ لِغَيْرِ ذَلِكَ فَهُوَ بِمَنْزِلَةِ الرَّجُلِ يَنْظُرُ إِلَى مَتَاعِ غَيْرِهِ
“Whoever comes to this mosque of mine, and only comes for a good purpose, such as to learn or to teach, his status is like that of one who fights in Jihaad in the Cause of Allaah. Whoever comes for any other purpose, his status is that of a man who is keeping an eye on other people’s property.” [Ibn Maajah]
This Hadeeth emphasizes the importance of knowledge. It is of the same level as Jihaad in the Way of Allaah, as Allaah says in Surat at-Tawbah [9:122]:
“And it is not (proper) for the believers to go out to fight (Jihaad) all together. Of every troop of them, a party only should go forth, that they (who are left behind) may get instructions in (Islamic) religion, and that they may warn their people when they return to them, so that they may beware (of evil).”
In our previous post, we mentioned the first means – Taqwa, which will aid a person in seeking knowledge.
In this post, we present the second means which will aid a person in seeking knowledge: Read the rest of this entry
Contentment has three conditions which have to be fulfilled:
- Contentment with Allaah as your Lord
- Contentment with Islam as your Religion
- Contentment with the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) as your Messenger
If these conditions are met, you will be of those the Prophet (ﷺ) meant with regards to the following hadeeth:
من رضي بالله ربًا وبالإسلام دينًا، وبمحمد رسولا وجبت له الجنة
“Whoever is pleased with Allaah as his Rabb, with Islam as his religion and with Muhammad (ﷺ) as (Allaah’s) Messenger, Paradise will be made obligatory for him.” [Muslim] Read the rest of this entry
The Prophet ﷺ said:
وَمَنْ سَلَكَ طَرِيقًا يَلْتَمِسُ فِيهِ عِلْمًا سَهَّلَ اللَّهُ لَهُ بِهِ طَرِيقًا إلَى الْجَنَّةِ
“Whoever follows a path to seek knowledge, then Allaah will make easy for him a path to Paradise.”
This either means that Allaah will guide him to perform righteous deeds that will lead him to Paradise or that Allaah will enter him into Paradise without any trouble or difficulty.
وَإِنَّ الْمَلاَئِكَةَ لَتَضَعُ أَجْنِحَتَهَا رِضًا لِطَالِبِ الْعِلْمِ
“And indeed the Angels lower their wings in approval for the one seeking knowledge.”
The Angels either truly lower their wings expressing their appreciation for what the seeker of knowledge is doing, or they stop flying and sit to listen to the knowledge.
وَإِنَّ الْعَالِمَ لَيَسْتَغْفِرُ لَهُ مَنْ فِي السَّمَوَاتِ وَمَنْ فِي الأَرْضِ حَتَّى الْحِيتَانُ فِي الْمَاء
“Indeed forgiveness is sought for the knowledgeable one by whomever is in the heavens and whomever is in the earth, even the fish in the waters.”
We cannot enumerate the number of creatures in the heavens and the earth, and yet all of them – the ones we know and the ones we do not know, the ones we see and the ones we do not see, the ones in the heavens and the ones on the earth and the ones in the depths of the sea and in the air and on other planets – all seek Allaah’s forgiveness for the seeker of knowledge. This is an honor for the knowledgeable person.
وَفَضْلُ الْعَالِمِ عَلَى الْعَابِدِ كَفَضْلِ الْقَمَرِ عَلَى سَائِرِ الْكَوَاكِبِ
“And superiority of the scholar over the worshiper is like the superiority of the moon over the rest of the celestial bodies.”
Shaikh Abdur-Razzaq al-Badr حفظه الله mentioned the virtues of knowing the Names of Allah in his book Fiqh Al-Asmaa.
أن الله سبحانه يحب أسماءه و صفاته و يحب ظهور آثارها في خلقه، وهذا من لوازم كماله فهو وتر يحب الوتر، جميل يحب الجمال، عليم يحب العلماء، جواد يحب الأجواد، قويّ و المؤمن القوي أحب إليه من المؤمن الضعيف، حيي يحب أهل الحياء، تواب يحب التوابين، شكور يحب الشاكرين، صادق يحب الصادقين، محسن يحب المحسنين، رحيم يحب الرحماء، و إنما يرحم من عباده الرحماء، ستير يحب من يستر على عباده، عفوّ يحب من يعفو عنهم، بر يحب البر و أهله، عدل يحب العدل، و يجازي عباده بحسب وجود هذه الصفات وجوداً و عدماً. وهذا باب واسع يدل على شرف هذا العلم و فضله.
Allah loves His Names and His Attributes; He loves them ( the impacts) to be shown on His creation. Because Allaah is Perfect, this entails perfect knowledge. Accordingly, He is Witr and He loves Witr, He is Beautiful and loves beauty, He is Knowledgeable and loves the knowledgeable people, He is Jawwaad and He loves Generosity, He is Strong and the strong believer is more beloved to Him than the weak believer, He is Modest and loves the people of modesty, He is At-Tawwab and loves the repentant, He is Ash-Shakoor and loves the grateful, He is Truthful and loves the truthful, He is Muhsin and loves the good-doers, He is Merciful and loves those who show mercy – and He shows mercy to His slaves who are merciful to others, He is As-Sitteer and loves those who conceal the defects of His slaves, He is Pardoning and loves those who pardon others, He is Barr and loves Birr and its people, He is Just and loves justice, And He recompenses His slaves in accordance to the amount of presence or absence of these attributes. And this is a vast door which points to the nobility of this knowledge and its virtues.
This post is a continuation of the Name of Allah Al-‘Aleem العليم (Part 14) in which we mentioned the three ranks of Qadar – Decree in detail. This post takes off from where we stopped in the Part 14, explaining the fourth rank of Al-Qadar – Decree.
Al-Qadar (Decree) has two meanings:
1) التقدير – at-Taqdeer Allah’s action of decreeing
2) المقدر – al-Muqaddar What Allah has decreed before the creation of the heavens and earth by 50,000 years.
When you believe in the Qadar, you believe in the Ruboobiyyah of Allah (Allah’s action of decreeing).
The fourth rank of Al-Qadar is the Creation.
4) Creation (الخلق)
We believe that Allah is the Creator of everything خالق كل. There is nothing in the heavens or on the earth but Allah has created it. He is its Owner, He disposes its affairs, and He has full authority and power over it. Allah has created everything, including our actions.
Our actions comprise two things:
a) Firm Will إرادة جازمة