Contentment has three conditions which have to be fulfilled:
- Contentment with Allaah as your Lord
- Contentment with Islam as your Religion
- Contentment with the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) as your Messenger
If these conditions are met, you will be of those the Prophet (ﷺ) meant with regards to the following hadeeth:
من رضي بالله ربًا وبالإسلام دينًا، وبمحمد رسولا وجبت له الجنة
“Whoever is pleased with Allaah as his Rabb, with Islam as his religion and with Muhammad (ﷺ) as (Allaah’s) Messenger, Paradise will be made obligatory for him.” [Muslim] Read the rest of this entry
The Prophet ﷺ said:
وَمَنْ سَلَكَ طَرِيقًا يَلْتَمِسُ فِيهِ عِلْمًا سَهَّلَ اللَّهُ لَهُ بِهِ طَرِيقًا إلَى الْجَنَّةِ
“Whoever follows a path to seek knowledge, then Allaah will make easy for him a path to Paradise.”
This either means that Allaah will guide him to perform righteous deeds that will lead him to Paradise or that Allaah will enter him into Paradise without any trouble or difficulty.
وَإِنَّ الْمَلاَئِكَةَ لَتَضَعُ أَجْنِحَتَهَا رِضًا لِطَالِبِ الْعِلْمِ
“And indeed the Angels lower their wings in approval for the one seeking knowledge.”
The Angels either truly lower their wings expressing their appreciation for what the seeker of knowledge is doing, or they stop flying and sit to listen to the knowledge.
وَإِنَّ الْعَالِمَ لَيَسْتَغْفِرُ لَهُ مَنْ فِي السَّمَوَاتِ وَمَنْ فِي الأَرْضِ حَتَّى الْحِيتَانُ فِي الْمَاء
“Indeed forgiveness is sought for the knowledgeable one by whomever is in the heavens and whomever is in the earth, even the fish in the waters.”
We cannot enumerate the number of creatures in the heavens and the earth, and yet all of them – the ones we know and the ones we do not know, the ones we see and the ones we do not see, the ones in the heavens and the ones on the earth and the ones in the depths of the sea and in the air and on other planets – all seek Allaah’s forgiveness for the seeker of knowledge. This is an honor for the knowledgeable person.
وَفَضْلُ الْعَالِمِ عَلَى الْعَابِدِ كَفَضْلِ الْقَمَرِ عَلَى سَائِرِ الْكَوَاكِبِ
“And superiority of the scholar over the worshiper is like the superiority of the moon over the rest of the celestial bodies.”
Shaikh Abdur-Razzaq al-Badr حفظه الله mentioned the virtues of knowing the Names of Allah in his book Fiqh Al-Asmaa.
أن الله سبحانه يحب أسماءه و صفاته و يحب ظهور آثارها في خلقه، وهذا من لوازم كماله فهو وتر يحب الوتر، جميل يحب الجمال، عليم يحب العلماء، جواد يحب الأجواد، قويّ و المؤمن القوي أحب إليه من المؤمن الضعيف، حيي يحب أهل الحياء، تواب يحب التوابين، شكور يحب الشاكرين، صادق يحب الصادقين، محسن يحب المحسنين، رحيم يحب الرحماء، و إنما يرحم من عباده الرحماء، ستير يحب من يستر على عباده، عفوّ يحب من يعفو عنهم، بر يحب البر و أهله، عدل يحب العدل، و يجازي عباده بحسب وجود هذه الصفات وجوداً و عدماً. وهذا باب واسع يدل على شرف هذا العلم و فضله.
Allah loves His Names and His Attributes; He loves them ( the impacts) to be shown on His creation. Because Allaah is Perfect, this entails perfect knowledge. Accordingly, He is Witr and He loves Witr, He is Beautiful and loves beauty, He is Knowledgeable and loves the knowledgeable people, He is Jawwaad and He loves Generosity, He is Strong and the strong believer is more beloved to Him than the weak believer, He is Modest and loves the people of modesty, He is At-Tawwab and loves the repentant, He is Ash-Shakoor and loves the grateful, He is Truthful and loves the truthful, He is Muhsin and loves the good-doers, He is Merciful and loves those who show mercy – and He shows mercy to His slaves who are merciful to others, He is As-Sitteer and loves those who conceal the defects of His slaves, He is Pardoning and loves those who pardon others, He is Barr and loves Birr and its people, He is Just and loves justice, And He recompenses His slaves in accordance to the amount of presence or absence of these attributes. And this is a vast door which points to the nobility of this knowledge and its virtues.
This post is a continuation of the Name of Allah Al-‘Aleem العليم (Part 14) in which we mentioned the three ranks of Qadar – Decree in detail. This post takes off from where we stopped in the Part 14, explaining the fourth rank of Al-Qadar – Decree.
Al-Qadar (Decree) has two meanings:
1) التقدير – at-Taqdeer Allah’s action of decreeing
2) المقدر – al-Muqaddar What Allah has decreed before the creation of the heavens and earth by 50,000 years.
When you believe in the Qadar, you believe in the Ruboobiyyah of Allah (Allah’s action of decreeing).
The fourth rank of Al-Qadar is the Creation.
4) Creation (الخلق)
We believe that Allah is the Creator of everything خالق كل. There is nothing in the heavens or on the earth but Allah has created it. He is its Owner, He disposes its affairs, and He has full authority and power over it. Allah has created everything, including our actions.
Our actions comprise two things:
a) Firm Will إرادة جازمة
Since knowledge is a common attribute of Allah and the Creation, how do we establish Tawheed with regards to it?
To establish Tawheed, we have to single Allah out in that attribute and negate it from others. But since knowledge is a common attribute of Allah and the Creation, we have to attribute Perfect complete knowledge to Allah and attribute deficient knowledge to the creation. We need to compare the knowledge of the creation to the knowledge of Allah in order to know how to make Tawheed.
The Knowledge of the Creation Read the rest of this entry
Allah’s Name العليم implies the attribute of العلم (Knowledge). Allah is attributed with having knowledge, and the creation also has knowledge. How can we single Allah out with this attribute?
- We affirm perfect and comprehensive knowledge to Allah
- We affirm deficient knowledge to the creation
- We negate any deficiency in the knowledge of Allah (ignorance, forgetfulness, etc.)
Allah affirmed perfect comprehensive knowledge to Himself in many verses in the Qur’an, for example: Read the rest of this entry
The Meaning of the Name العليم
Sheikh Abdur-Razzaq Al-Badr حفظه الله said:
- Allah mentioned the Vastness of His Knowledge ذكر سبحانه سعة علمه:
For example, in Surah Ta-Ha [20:98]:
“Your Ilah (God) is only Allah, the One (La ilaha illa Huwa) (none has the right to be worshipped but He). He has full knowledge of all things.”
- Allah’s Knowledge Encompasses Everything; Nothing escapes His Knowledge ذكر سبحانه إحاطة علمه بكل شيء
For example, in Surah Aal-Imran [3:120]:
“If a good befalls you, it grieves them, but if some evil overtakes you, they rejoice at it. But if you remain patient and become Al-Muttaqun, not the least harm will their cunning do to you. Surely, Allah surrounds all that they do.”
- Allah’s Knowledge encompasses the Secret and Open, the Unseen and Witnessed Matters. ذكر تبارك و تعالى إحاطة علمه بالسرائر و المعلنات و الغيب و الشهادة
- Allah Knows all that is in the Heavens and Earth ذكر سبحانه علمه بما في السماوات و الأرض
- Allah Knows the The Keys of the Unseen, and none knows it except Him ذكر سبحانه اختصاصه بمفاتح الغيب، فلا يعلمها إلا هو