Allaah is Maalik Al-Mulk (The Owner of the Dominion), He is Maalik Al-Asbaab (The Owner of the Means)
Allaah rules and judges His creation with universal commands, legal commands, and recompense.
Allaah created the universe based on means. He created means in order to attain every good and to be protected from every harm. This is سنة الله (the way of Allaah) in the universe; everything is attained by means. Accordingly, our test in the world revolves around the means.
If you ask a believer how one can attain Paradise, he will say that you have to believe and perform good deeds. These are means. If you want to acquire knowledge you have to take the means, and the means is to learn. The Prophet (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: in-nama al ‘ilmu bit-ta’leem – إنما العلم بالتعلم
There are two types of means: Read the rest of this entry
Allaah, Al-Malik, is the One disposing the affairs of His Dominion with justice, benevolence, benefit, mercy, and wisdom. Part of knowing the Names of Allaah is to know the impact of the Attribute the Name implies.
We have written about the first three impacts of the Name, Al-Malik here.
Impact No. 4 – Singling Allaah out with Worship
Impact No. 3 – As Shaikh ‘Abdur-Razzaq Al-Badr mentioned:
و من معاني ملكه: إنزاله كتبه، و إرسال رسله، و هداية العالمين، و إرشاد الضالين، و إقامة الحجة و المعذرة على المعاندين المكابرين، ووضع الثواب و العقاب مواضعها، و تنزيل الأمور منازلها إلى غير ذالك من التدبير و التصرف في مملكته بما شاء سبحانه
And from the meanings of His Mulk: Revealing Books, sending Messengers, guiding the ‘Alameen (all of mankind, Jinn, and all that exists), showing the way to the astray, establishing the proofs and excuses against the stubborn, arrogant (opponents), setting reward and punishment in their right places, and placing all matters in their places, and so forth of matters of management and disposal in His kingdom with what He wills.
Allaah’s disposal is in accordance to what He wills, which is based on His Knowledge and Wisdom. Out of Allaah’s Mercy, He sent Books and Messengers and established signs to guide the people. He sends decrees to the heedless to awaken them from their deep heedlessness. We’ve all heard about experiences some people had who were heedless and astray, and then a calamity befell them and woke them up. Then, it’s perceivable that a person’s calamity can be the cause for his righteousness.
Of Allaah’s Mercy is that He exposes the falsehood of the disbelievers. How many were non-Muslims, then Allaah showed them their falsehood, and this made them convert to Islam? Allaah casts certainty in the hearts of the believers and His Beneficence descends upon them continuously.
The Prophet ﷺ said:
إِنَّ لِلَّهِ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ اسْمَا مِائَةً إِلاَّ وَاحِدًا مَنْ أَحْصَاهَا دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ
“Allaah has ninety nine Names, one hundred minus one, whoever أحصاها will enter Paradise.” [Agreed upon]
Who does not want to live eternally in Paradise?
In order to be of the people mentioned in the aforementioned Hadeeth, we should:
a) Know the meaning of every Name of Allaah
b) Know the impact of the Attribute the Name implies
c) Worship Allaah by the Name
d) Memorize the Name
Part 2 of the Name of Allaah, Al Malik explains three matters that should come to our minds when we hear the Name of Allaah – Al Malik.
Impacts of Believing in the Name الملك (Al-Malik)
The Name Al Malik Al Mulk is derived from the word “ملك”, “يمْلك”, “مِلْك” (To possess a thing and have full authority over its disposal). The name Al-Malik is mentioned in the Qur’an in five positions in the Qur’an which were explained in part 1 of this article.
Part 2 picks off from the Meaning of the name Al- Malik, Al Maleek with regards to Allaah.
Shaikh ‘Abdur-Razzaq Al-Badr said in his book “Fiqh Al-Asmaa”:
و هذان الإسمان دالان على أن الله سبحانه ذوالملك، أي المالك لجميع الأشياء المتصرف فيها بلا ممانعة و لا مدافعة،
These two Names (Al-Malik, Al-Maleek) indicate that Allaah is the Owner of the whole dominion; i.e. the Owner of all things Who has full power over them without resistance or hindrance.
و الملك يرجع إلى أمور ثلاثة:
And His Kingship goes back to three matters:
Whenever you hear Allaah Al-Malik, remember that is related to the following three matters:
1) Matters related to His Attributes
2) Matters related to those whom He Owns
3) His relationship and dealings with those whom He Owns Read the rest of this entry
This Name is derived from the word “ملك”, “يمْلك”, “مِلْك” (To possess a thing and have full authority over its disposal)
The whole dominion is called Malakout ملكوت.
- This Name Al-Malik is mentioned in the Qur’an in five positions:
1 – Surat Ta-Ha [20:114]:
“Then High above all be Allaah, the True King. And be not in haste [O Muhammad (ﷺ )] with the Qur’an before its revelation is completed to you, and say: “My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”
2 – Surat al-Mu’minoon [23:116]:
“So Exalted be Allaah, the True King, La ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Lord of the Supreme Throne!”
3 – Surat al-Hashr [59:23]:
“He is Allaah other than Whom there is La ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) the King, the Holy, the One Free from all defects, the Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, the All-Mighty, the Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allaah! (High is He) above all that they associate as partners with Him.”
4 – Surat an-Naas [114:2]:
“The Ilah (God) of mankind,”
5 – Surat al-Jumu’ah [62:1]:
“Whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth glorifies Allaah, the King (of everything), the Holy, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.”
It is mentioned in restricted form in this position.
- The name Al-Maleek is mentioned once, in Surat al-Qamar [54:54-55]:
“Verily, The Muttaqun (pious), will be in the midst of Gardens and Rivers (Paradise).”
“In a seat of truth (i.e. Paradise), near the Omnipotent King (Allaah, the All-Blessed, the Most High, the Owner of Majesty and Honor).”
- The name Al-Maalik means the Owner. It is mentioned in two positions in the Qur’an, but only in the restricted form.
In Surat al-Fatihah [1:3]:
“The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)”
And in Surat ‘Aal-Imran [3:26]:
Say [O Muhammad (ﷺ )]: “O Allaah! Possessor of the kingdom, You give the kingdom to whom You will, and You take the kingdom from whom You will, and You endue with honor whom You will, and You humiliate whom You will. In Your Hand is the good. Verily, You are Able to do all things.”
It is mentioned in the unrestricted form in the Sunnah. The Prophet ﷺ mentioned said:
أَغْيَظُ رَجُلٍ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَأَخْبَثُهُ وَأَغْيَظُهُ عَلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ كَانَ يُسَمَّى مَلِكَ الأَمْلاَكِ لاَ مَلِكَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ
The most wretched person in the sight of Allaah on the Day of Resurrection and the worst person and target of His wrath would be the person who is called Malik al-Amlak (the King of Kings) for there is no king but Allaah. [Muslim #2143]
The Difference between Al-Malik (The King) and Al-Maalik (The Owner):
Ash-Shawkani said that the Scholars differed with regards to the two names Malik and Maalik. Some of them said that the name Malik is more intensive and general, because every king owns, but not every owner can be a king, and because the command of the king is executed upon the owner. Others said Maalik is more general and intensive than Malik when praising Allaah because He is the Owner of mankind and the whole dominion. The truth is that every Attribute has a specialty that is not found in the other one. [Faid Al-Qadeer]
Impacts of Believing in the Name of Allah العليم
And Allah mentioned that His Knowledge encompasses the secrets, the open, the unseen, and the seen.
f) Surah Ta-Ha [20:110]:
“He (Allah) knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them (in the Hereafter), and they will never encompass anything of His Knowledge.”
No matter how much knowledge a person may have, he will never be able to encompass any of Allah’s Attributes. The Knowledge we have is nothing in comparison to the Knowledge of Allah. “و لا يحيطون به علما”
We only know what He taught us.
NOTE: All the narrations which say that the distance between the heavens and earth is 500 years have a dispute with regards to its authenticity. Allah Knows the distance. But there are seven heavens, the Kursi, Water, the Throne, and Allah is above the Throne. Though He is the Most High, He knows everything that happens in the earth and in the universe. He sees the black ant walking over the black rock in the darkness of the night. He knows what is in our hearts, he knows the fraud of the eyes, what thoughts go through our mind. Have we given Allah His due estimate? Read the rest of this entry