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The Fruits of Tawheed (Part 7)

The Prophet (ﷺ) said:

من قام رمضان إيمانًا واحتسابًا غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه

“He who observes optional prayer (Taraweeh prayers) throughout Ramadan, out of sincerity of Faith and in the hope of earning reward, will have his past sins pardoned.” [Agreed upon] 

And in another narration: 

من صام رمضان إيمانًا واحتسابًا، غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه 

“He who observes fasting during the month of Ramadan with Faith, while seeking its reward from Allaah, will have his past sins forgiven.” [Agreed upon] 

We need strong faith in order to fast and establish the nights with prayer in Ramadan in the way pleasing to Allaah. We should take the means of increasing our faith now. When our faith is increased, it will produce fruits which benefit us both in this world and the next:

Continuation of  Point 8, One is comforted at the onset of calamity and hardship (Fruits of Tawheed – Part 6)

When any calamity befalls the believer, he immediately thinks of the reward he will get from Allaah. At the same time, he hopes for the removal of his distress; an exchange of his state to a better one. He does not despair of the Mercy of Allaah. Also, when He is afflicted with the calamity, he believes that Allaah is Al-Hakeem, Ar-Raheem, Al-Wadood, This comforts and consoles his heart. Read the rest of this entry

The Fruits of Tawheed (Part 6)

In Surat An-Nisaa’ [4:136], Allaah (subhanaahu wa Ta’ala) says:

 

“O you who believe! Believe in Allaah, and His Messenger [Muhammad (ﷺ)], and the Book (the Qur’an) which He has sent down to His Messenger, and the Scripture which He sent down to those before (him), and whosoever disbelieves in Allaah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Last Day, then indeed he has strayed far away.”

يأيها الذين ءامنوا ءامنوا – “O you who believe! Believe”

Allaah is commanding the believers to believe. This means that if one has faith in Allaah and all the articles of faith, he needs to do more. He needs to do more than just believe generally. One needs to take care of increasing the faith he already has, to purify his intentions, and make his state better than it already is. One should not be satisfied with what he has of knowledge and faith. One needs to increase it, because his faith will be weighed on the Day of Judgment, and one needs strong faith to save him from the trials of the grave and the punishment on the Day of Judgment.

Abu Ad-Dardaa’ said:

إن من فِقه المرء أن يعرِف إيمانه هل هو فى نقص ام زيادة

“It is from the understanding of a person to know if his faith has increased or decreased.”

One should know if his faith has increased or decreased by looking at the impacts it has in his life. From the impacts, as Shaikh As-Sa’di (رحمه الله) mentioned, are: 

1) The Wilayah of Allaa

2) The Pleasure of Allaa

3) Salvation from the Hellfire

4) Allaah defends the believers

5) A Good Life

6) Faith and Sincerity are what determine the potency and correctness of actions

7) Allaah will Guide the Person to the Straight Path

In the beginning, you will find that there are many ways, and all of them look similar. Everyone tells you to follow their way, that it is the right way, and you are confused as to which to follow. If you increase in your faith, Allaah will show you which way to take; the way which ends with meeting Allaah. 

So many people are confused in life; they do not know what to do, say, or how to please Allaah. When a person increases in faith, Allaah will help him adopt the Straight Path. Ibn Al-Qayyim (رحمه الله) mentioned many impacts of saying “اهدنا الصراط المستقيم”. From the impacts is that Allaah will enable one to take actions on the Straight Path; – because there are instances where one may know, but he is lazy to act or he has low resolve. Another impact is being kept firm on the Straight Path until one meets Allaah.  Read the rest of this entry

The Name of Allah Al-‘Aleem العليم (Part 14)

Allah particularized Himself with the knowledge of the unseen, and He informed us that no one knows it except Him. We have to single Allah out with the attribute of the Knowledge of the unseen – علم الغيب .

When people see that their dreams are coming true all the time, they think they know the unseen, not knowing that they are whispering from the Shaytan as a test from Allah. Do they believe they know what is going to happen in the future? Or do they believe that no one knows about the future except Allah? The influence of people’s dreams might even persuade them to the extent that they say that their dreams never fail them. If you think you know the future you have committed Shirk.

Even the jinn do not know the unseen. In Surat as-Saba [34:14]:

“Then when We decreed death for him [Sulaiman (Solomon)], nothing informed them (jinn) of his death except a little worm of the earth, which kept (slowly) gnawing away at his stick, so when he fell down, the Jinn saw clearly that if they had known the unseen, they would not have stayed in the humiliating torment.”

When the worm of the earth ate Sulaiman عليه اسلام ‘s stick, he fell from it. The Jinn then came to know the truth: Read the rest of this entry

The Name of Allah Al-‘Aleem العليم (Part 13)

The Name of Allah العليم is one of His greatest Names. If a person acts upon this Name, it will help him take care of his heart. When a person is aware of Allah’s knowledge of even the slightest movement of his heart, he knows that Allah will surely take account of it.

Allah has particularized the Knowledge of the Unseen to His Noble Self.

In Surat al-An’am [6:59]:

“And with Him are the keys of the Ghaib (all that is hidden), none knows them but He. And He knows whatever there is in (or on) the earth and in the sea; not a leaf falls, but he knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of the earth nor anything fresh or dry, but is written in a Clear Record.”

Tawheed consists of affirmation and negation.

“و عنده مفاتح الغيب لا يعلمها إلا هو”  is a statement of Tawheed (monotheism).

Negation: لا يعلمها (No one knows the Unseen)

Affirmation: إلا هو  (Except Allah)

This is Tawheed in regards to the Attribute of the Knowledge of the Unseen – صفة علم الغيب

In Surat an-Naml [27:65]:

“Say: “None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghaib (unseen) except Allah, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected.”

Negation: لا يعلم من في السماوات و الأرض الغيب No one in the heavens and on the earth knows the unseen.

Affirmation: إلا الله (except Allah)

Allah mentions in many verses in the Qur’an, that He is the All Knower of all the unseen – علام الغيوب. In Surat al Luqman [31:34], Allah mentions five examples of the unseen: Read the rest of this entry

Allah’s Knowledge VS The Creation’s Knowledge (Part 2)

Since knowledge is a common attribute of Allah and the Creation, how do we establish Tawheed with regards to it?

To establish Tawheed, we have to single Allah out in that attribute and negate it from others. But since knowledge is a common attribute of Allah and the Creation, we have to attribute Perfect complete knowledge to Allah and attribute deficient knowledge to the creation. We need to compare the knowledge of the creation to the knowledge of Allah in order to know how to make Tawheed.

The Knowledge of the Creation Read the rest of this entry

Allah’s Knowledge VS the creation’s knowledge (Part 1)

Allah’s Name العليم   implies the attribute of العلم   (Knowledge). Allah is attributed with having knowledge, and the creation also has knowledge. How can we single Allah out with this attribute?

Affirmation: 

  • We affirm perfect and comprehensive knowledge to Allah 
  • We affirm deficient knowledge to the creation

Negation: 

  • We negate any deficiency in the knowledge of Allah (ignorance, forgetfulness, etc.)

Allah affirmed perfect comprehensive knowledge to Himself in many verses in the Qur’an, for example: Read the rest of this entry

A True Monotheist is always Seeking Knowledge about his Lord

In Surat at-Talaq [65:12], Allah says:

“It is Allah Who has created seven heavens, and of the earth the like thereof (i.e. seven). His Command descends between them (heavens and earth), that you may know that Allah has power over all things and that Allah surrounds (comprehends) all things in (His) Knowledge.”

Allah created the heavens and earth and sent down His Command for the purpose of Tawheed; for the creation to know their Lord.

And in Surat adh-Dhariyat [51:56], Allah says:

“And I (Allah) created not the jinns and humans except that they should worship Me (Alone).”

These two verses in the Qur’an tell us that if we know Allah, we will worship Him; and when we worship Him we will be fulfilling our purpose on earth. Read the rest of this entry

The Fruits of Tawheed (Part 4)

Read ‘The Fruits of Tawheed’  Part 3 here

On the Day of Judgement, the balances will be set up, and three things will be weighed:

1) The Deeds of the Person

2) His Utterances

3) The Person Himself

The weight of a person is not dependent on how fat or thin he is, but on how much faith he has in his heart.

How much do you think of Allah? How much do you believe in Allah’s Knowledge, Wisdom, Ability, in the Meeting with Allah, in His Angels, in the Day of Judgement?  All this will be weighed.

The Prophet ﷺ said:

“I see what you do not see and I hear what you do not hear; heaven has squeaked, and it has right to do so. By Him, in Whose Hand my soul is, there is not a space of four fingers in which there is not an angel who is prostrating his forehead before Allah, the Exalted…”
[At-Tirmithi #406] 

How many times do we think of this Hadith when we look up at the heavens? How many times have we thought about Bayt Al-Ma’mur, which Angels make Tawaf around, as people do around the Ka’bah? The more you discuss these facts with yourself, the more alive they will be in your heart, and the heavier your faith will be on the scale.

Evidence that Faith has Weight

From among the evidences:

1- Abu Bakr bin Eyash said: “Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه did not surpass the Ummah through a lot of prayer and fasting, but he surpassed with what was established in his heart (i.e. his تصديق, his belief.)”

[Manhaj As-Sunnah An-Nabawiyah] 
2- “A man from my nation will be called before all of creation on the Day of Resurrection, and ninety-nine scrolls will be spread out for him, each one extending as far as the eye can see. Then Allah will say: “Do you deny anything of this?” He will say: “No, O Lord.” He will say: “Have My recording scribes been unfair to you?” Then He will say: “Apart from that, do you have any good deeds?” The man will be terrified and will say: “No.” (Allah) will say: “Indeed, you have good deeds with Us, and you will not be treated unjustly this Day.” Then a card will be brought out on which is written Ash-hadu an la ilaha illallah wa anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasuluhu (I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger). He will say: “O Lord, what is this card compared with these scrolls?” He will say: “You will not be treated unjustly.” Then the scrolls will be placed in one side of the Balance and the card in the other. The scrolls will go up (i.e., be light) and the card will go down (i.e., will weigh heavily).”

[Ibn Majah] 

Even the hypocrites declare the testimony of faith, so what made this persons لا اله الا الله heavy on the scale? His belief, knowledge, certainty, sincerity, truthfulness, love of Allah.

3-Abu Sa’eed AI-Khudri ( رضي الله عنه)  narrated that Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said,

“Musa (Moses) said: ‘O my Lord, teach me something by which I can remember You and supplicate to You.’ Allah answered: ‘Say, O Musa, La ilaha illallah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah).’ Musa said: ‘O my Lord, all your slaves say this.’ Allah said: ‘O Musa, if the seven heavens and all of their inhabitants besides Me, and the seven earths were in a pan (of a scale), and La ilaha illallah was in (another) pan, La ilaha illallah would outweigh them.”

Ibn Hibbaan and AI-Haakim recorded this, and he (AIHaakim) graded it authentic (Saheeh).

Since we know that our faith will be weighed on the Day of Judgement, we should take the means of increasing it.

There are Muslims who:

1) Only have basic faith. They only have general information about the articles faith.

2) Have perfect faith.

What made them vary in their level of faith? It is Knowledge.

It is therefore our duty to increase in knowledge so that we accordingly increase in faith, and our scale will be heavy on the Day of Judgement. Increase your knowledge about Allah everyday, even if it is just one piece of information.

E.g. When you see rain, tell yourself – This is the impact of Allah’s Mercy. 

As Allah said in Surah Ar-Rum Verse 50

فَانظُرْ إِلَىٰ آثَارِ رَحْمَتِ اللَّهِ كَيْفَ يُحْيِي الْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا ۚ إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ لَمُحْيِي الْمَوْتَىٰ ۖ وَهُوَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

“Look then at the effects (results) of Allah’s Mercy, how He revives the earth after its death. Verily! That (Allah) Who revived the earth after its death shall indeed raise the dead (on the Day of Resurrection), and He is Able to do all things.”

We ought to revive the knowledge of the Qur’an in our lives. But we rarely discuss this information with ourselves. We see the creation of Allah, the decrees we go through, but we never talk about the impact of Allah’s Attributes on ourselves. Discussing the impacts of Allah’s Attributes to ourselves will increase our faith.

It is our duty towards ourselves and children to increase our and their knowledge about Allah because we believe that our faith will be weighed on the Day of Judgement.

When faith is increased, it will produce many fruits and benefits, which you will receive in this life, even before the Day of Judgement. As Shaikh As-Sa’di رحمة الله mentioned in his book التوضيع و التبيان لشجرة الإيمان, and these fruits are:

1) The Wilayah of Allah

2) The Pleasure of Allah

3) Salvation from the Hellfire

4) Allah defends the believers

5) A Good Life

If your faith is weak, your deed will be full of mistakes and shortcomings, and accordingly, the reward of your deeds will be less.

If your faith is perfect, your deed will be more complete, and the reward will be greater with Allah.

Therefore, great reward depends on the perfection of your faith, not the quantity of good deeds you perform. When many people start adopting the right path, they focus on the quantity of the good deeds they perform, and not on increasing their faith.

The Prophet ﷺ said:

“Do not abuse my companions for if any one of you spent gold equal to Uhud (in Allah’s Cause) it would not be equal to a Mud or even a half Mud spent by one of them.”

 [Al-Bukhari #3673] 

The quantity and quality is different, what made the charity of the companions heavier than our charity? Their Faith.

We have to take care of our belief, because faith affects deeds. Deeds will be accepted and multiplied in reward according to how much your heart moves when taking the action.Your heart moving means it is remembering Allah, the reward in the hereafter, death, your grave, etc.

The more your heart moves, even if you perform a little good deed, the more reward you will have with Allah. So do not perform good deeds with a heedless heart; this will lessen the reward of the deeds.

E.g. Everyone performs Wudoo (Ablution). But how many of us remember from the beginning, that we are performing it, carrying out the command of Allah in Surah An-Nisa Verse 43 and Surah Al-Maa’idah Verse 6 in accordance to the Sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ, and if you obey Allah and His Messenger ﷺ you will have Paradise, as Allah said in Surah An-Nisa Verse 13. And when you are performing Wudoo you remember that your sins drop off with the water, and hope that Allah will make the limbs you are washing to be bright and shining, so that you are recognized by the Prophet ﷺ and called to drink from the river Kawther on the Day of judgement.

If you perform Wudoo like this, it will be heavy on the scale on the Day of Judgement.

6) The attentiveness of the heart when performing the good deed is an indication of stronger faith.
After performing Wudoo, you are expected to say:

أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اَللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ, وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ

 and remember the Hadith where the Prophet ﷺ said:

“If one after performing ablution completely recites the following supplication: (Ash-hadu an la ilaha ill-Allahu wahdahu la sharika lahu, wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa Rasuluhu) ‘I testify that there is no one worthy of worship but Allah, He is Alone and has no partner and Muhammad (ﷺ) is his slave and Messenger’, all the eight gates of Paradise will be opened for him and he may enter through any gate he wishes”.

[Bulugh Al-Maram #57] 

This means that Allah will make the performance of good deeds easy for you which will then enable you to enter from these 8 gates.

But only those whose faith is strong will remember this. What will make my faith stronger? It is Knowledge.

The more you know, the more your faith will increase and the more the attentiveness of your heart will increase,  the more your deed will be accepted and rewarded by Allah. Allah will multiply the reward of your little good deed.

The Condition: “و هو مؤمن” – (While he is a believer)

مؤمن = موحد (Believer = Monotheist)
Faith is a very important pre-requisite before performing good deeds. Allah said in Surah Al-Furqan Verse 23

وَقَدِمْنَا إِلَىٰ مَا عَمِلُوا مِنْ عَمَلٍ فَجَعَلْنَاهُ هَبَاءً مَّنثُورًا

And We will regard what they have done of deeds and make them as dust dispersed.

The reason for this is that their deeds were founded on other than the belief in Allah and His Messenger, the spirit of which is to have sincerity towards the worshipped and to fllow the Messenger. 

Allah, Exalted is He, says, 

قُلْ هَلْ نُنَبِّئُكُم بِالْأَخْسَرِينَ أَعْمَالًا

Say, [O Muhammad], “Shall we [believers] inform you of the greatest losers as to [their] deeds?

الَّذِينَ ضَلَّ سَعْيُهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَهُمْ يَحْسَبُونَ أَنَّهُمْ يُحْسِنُونَ صُنْعًا

[They are] those whose effort is lost in worldly life, while they think that they are doing well in work.”

أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِآيَاتِ رَبِّهِمْ وَلِقَائِهِ فَحَبِطَتْ أَعْمَالُهُمْ فَلَا نُقِيمُ لَهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَزْنًا

Those are the ones who disbelieve in the verses of their Lord and in [their] meeting Him, so their deeds have become worthless; and We will not assign to them on the Day of Resurrection any importance.

[Surah al-Kahf(1); 103-105]

Another thing which causes deeds to be rendered fruitless is the Shirk ( associating partners with Allah).

Surah al-Zumar  Verse 65

وَلَقَدْ أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ وَإِلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكَ لَئِنْ أَشْرَكْتَ لَيَحْبَطَنَّ عَمَلُكَ وَلَتَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

And it was already revealed to you and to those before you that if you should associate [anything] with Allah , your work would surely become worthless, and you would surely be among the losers.” 

Surah al-An’am Verse 88

ذَٰلِكَ هُدَى اللَّهِ يَهْدِي بِهِ مَن يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ ۚ وَلَوْ أَشْرَكُوا لَحَبِطَ عَنْهُم مَّا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

That is the guidance of Allah by which He guides whomever He wills of His servants. But if they had associated others with Allah , then worthless for them would be whatever they were doing.