Author Archives: Enlightenment into Islam Center
Impacts of Believing in the Name of Allah العليم
In his explanation of Allah’s Name Al-‘Aleem العليم in Fiqh of Names of Allah فقه الأسماء الحسنى, Sheikh Abdur-Razzaq Al-Badr (حفظه الله) said:
Allah mentioned the vastness of His Knowledge in many verses. He said:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said:
لِلصَّائِمِ فَرْحَتَانِ فَرْحَةٌ حِينَ يُفْطِرُ وَفَرْحَةٌ حِينَ يَلْقَى رَبَّهُ
There are two joys for the fasting person: the joy when he breaks his fast, and the joy when he meets his Lord. [At-Tirmidhi]
فرح (joy) is an act of worship, an عبادة, which the believers should feel when they break their fast.
For what reason is the believer happy?
Shaikh Ibn ‘Uthaimeen (رحمه الله) said that when he breaks his fast, his pleasure is from two aspects:
1) That he has carried out the command of Allaah and successfully completed the obligation enjoined upon him by Allaah. How many people are in the graveyard wishing to fast for just one day for the sake of Allaah and yet he is unable to! The believer is happy that Allaah bestowed this favor upon him; that He guided him to complete the fast of that day. This is an important act of worship that one should practice at the time of breaking his fast.
2) Also, he feels joyful because Allaah has made lawful for him what conforms with his nature of food, drinks, and sexual relations with his spouse, after they were forbidden for him.
Pause and reflect: what truly brings you joy in this life and what saddens you? Are you only happy when you attain worldly gain – when you get a gift from someone or when you attain something you desire? Or do you rejoice when you finish Salaat in the proper way, when you complete your fast in the proper way?
Ponder over the moments of joy in your life. When are you happy? Read the rest of this entry
One of the things that will increase our faith before we enter the month of Ramadan is to study the Ahadeeth that are particular to this blessed month.
In one such Hadeeth the Prophet (ﷺ) said:
إذا جاء رضان فتحت أبواب الجنة، وغلقت أبواب النار، وصفدت الشياطين
“When Ramadan begins, the gates of Jannah (Paradise) are opened, the gates of Hell are closed, and the devils are chained.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
Explanation of the Hadeeth:
As the sun sets on the last day of Sha’ban, the gates of Paradise are opened. The scholars say that the gates of Paradise will actually be opened and the gates of Hellfire will actually be closed; a true opening and closing. It is required from Muslims to believe that the gates of Paradise will be opened and the gates of Hellfire will be closed.
Some scholars like Al-Baaji said that the opening of the gates of Paradise means abundant forgiveness, elevation in ranks, and the giving of abundant reward; while As-Suyooti, when explaining Sunan an-Nasaa’i said: “The gates of mercy are opened. This most probably refers to Allah opening the acts of obedience for His servants which are a means of entering Paradise. The closing of the gates of Hell means the diverting of intentions from committing sins which lead people to Hell.” [End quote]
All these interpretations are correct. Read the rest of this entry
Shaikh Abdur-Razzaq al-Badr حفظه الله mentioned the virtues of knowing the Names of Allah in his book Fiqh Al-Asmaa.
أن الله سبحانه يحب أسماءه و صفاته و يحب ظهور آثارها في خلقه، وهذا من لوازم كماله فهو وتر يحب الوتر، جميل يحب الجمال، عليم يحب العلماء، جواد يحب الأجواد، قويّ و المؤمن القوي أحب إليه من المؤمن الضعيف، حيي يحب أهل الحياء، تواب يحب التوابين، شكور يحب الشاكرين، صادق يحب الصادقين، محسن يحب المحسنين، رحيم يحب الرحماء، و إنما يرحم من عباده الرحماء، ستير يحب من يستر على عباده، عفوّ يحب من يعفو عنهم، بر يحب البر و أهله، عدل يحب العدل، و يجازي عباده بحسب وجود هذه الصفات وجوداً و عدماً. وهذا باب واسع يدل على شرف هذا العلم و فضله.
Allah loves His Names and His Attributes; He loves them ( the impacts) to be shown on His creation. Because Allaah is Perfect, this entails perfect knowledge. Accordingly, He is Witr and He loves Witr, He is Beautiful and loves beauty, He is Knowledgeable and loves the knowledgeable people, He is Jawwaad and He loves Generosity, He is Strong and the strong believer is more beloved to Him than the weak believer, He is Modest and loves the people of modesty, He is At-Tawwab and loves the repentant, He is Ash-Shakoor and loves the grateful, He is Truthful and loves the truthful, He is Muhsin and loves the good-doers, He is Merciful and loves those who show mercy – and He shows mercy to His slaves who are merciful to others, He is As-Sitteer and loves those who conceal the defects of His slaves, He is Pardoning and loves those who pardon others, He is Barr and loves Birr and its people, He is Just and loves justice, And He recompenses His slaves in accordance to the amount of presence or absence of these attributes. And this is a vast door which points to the nobility of this knowledge and its virtues.
One of the greatest blessings of Allah upon us is that Allah teaches us about His Noble Self. He chooses from among His servants and teaches them about Himself.
Sha’ban is the month in which the deeds are raised to Allah, and a month in which the Prophet (ﷺ) used to fast.
عن أبي موسى الأشعري عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : ” إن الله ليطلع في ليلة النصف من شعبان فيغفر لجميع خلقه إلا لمشرك أو مشاحن “
It was narrated from bu Moosa al-Ash’ari that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Allaah looks down on the night of the fifteenth of Sha’ban and forgives all his creation except a mushrik or one who harbors hatred against the Muslims.” [Ibn Maajah, 1390]
مشرك Mushrik = The one who associates partners with Allah in worship
مشاحن Mushahin = The one who holds grudges in his heart
If we believe with certainty that this happens, then it should motivate us to take action. This is a warning for us to clear our hearts of hatred, malice, and grudges against other Muslims.
Read the rest of this entry
This post is a continuation of the Name of Allah Al-‘Aleem العليم (Part 14) in which we mentioned the three ranks of Qadar – Decree in detail. This post takes off from where we stopped in the Part 14, explaining the fourth rank of Al-Qadar – Decree.
Al-Qadar (Decree) has two meanings:
1) التقدير – at-Taqdeer Allah’s action of decreeing
2) المقدر – al-Muqaddar What Allah has decreed before the creation of the heavens and earth by 50,000 years.
When you believe in the Qadar, you believe in the Ruboobiyyah of Allah (Allah’s action of decreeing).
The fourth rank of Al-Qadar is the Creation.
4) Creation (الخلق)
We believe that Allah is the Creator of everything خالق كل. There is nothing in the heavens or on the earth but Allah has created it. He is its Owner, He disposes its affairs, and He has full authority and power over it. Allah has created everything, including our actions.
Our actions comprise two things:
a) Firm Will إرادة جازمة
We praise Allah abundantly for allowing us to reach the month of Sha’ban; a month which most people do not pay attention to.
عن أُسَامَةُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ، قَالَ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ لَمْ أَرَكَ تَصُومُ شَهْرًا مِنَ الشُّهُورِ مَا تَصُومُ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ . قَالَ “ ذَلِكَ شَهْرٌ يَغْفُلُ النَّاسُ عَنْهُ بَيْنَ رَجَبٍ وَرَمَضَانَ وَهُوَ شَهْرٌ تُرْفَعُ فِيهِ الأَعْمَالُ إِلَى رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ فَأُحِبُّ أَنْ يُرْفَعَ عَمَلِي وَأَنَا صَائِمٌ ”
Usamah bin Zaid (Radia-Allahu ‘anhu) said: “I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, I do not see you fasting any month as much as Sha’ban.’ He said: ‘That is a month to which people do not pay much attention, between Rajab and Ramadan. It is a month in which the deeds are taken up to the Lord of the worlds, and I like that my deeds be taken up when I am fasting.“‘ [An-Nasaa’i]
Because the month of Sha’ban falls between the month of Rajab (which is a sacred month) and the month of Ramadan (which is a great month of fasting), people are occupied with these two months and neglect Sha’ban. Read the rest of this entry