Category Archives: The Name of Allaah: Al-Malek Al-Mulk
This post is an extension to the previously posted article under the same title, in which we explained what makes people commit shirk today and how does one go about refuting the claims of those who call unto righteous people, saying that they call unto them because they have a high special status with Allaah.
As for this very post, we will begin with verses from surat an-Saba [34:22-23]:
“Say: [O Muhammad ﷺ to those polytheists, pagans, etc.] “Call upon those whom you assert (to be associate gods) besides Allaah, they possess not even the weight of an atom (or a small ant), either in the heavens or on the earth, nor have they any share in either, nor is there for Him any supporter from among them.”
“Intercession with Him profits not, except for him whom He permits. Until when fear is banished from their (angels) hearts, they (angels) say: ‘What is it that your Lord has said?’ They say: ‘The truth.’ And He is the Most High, the Most Great.”
Allaah mentions four characteristics of those whom they call besides Allaah: Read the rest of this entry
Impact no. 5- Knowing the Name of Allaah Al-Malik should make us correct our Tawheed.
Our attachment to Allaah should be strong, since He is Al-Malik Al-Mulk, to Whom belongs the whole dominion. Those other than Him do not own anything – not even a Qitmir (thin membrane over the date stone) or an atom – so only He deserves to be loved, magnified, and called unto. To Allaah belongs the true kingship and none else. Anyone who possesses anything, then what is in their possession is from Allaah.
Allaah, Al-Malik, is the One disposing the affairs of His Dominion with justice, benevolence, benefit, mercy, and wisdom. Part of knowing the Names of Allaah is to know the impact of the Attribute the Name implies.
We have written about the first three impacts of the Name, Al-Malik here.
Impact No. 4 – Singling Allaah out with Worship
Impact No. 3 – As Shaikh ‘Abdur-Razzaq Al-Badr mentioned:
و من معاني ملكه: إنزاله كتبه، و إرسال رسله، و هداية العالمين، و إرشاد الضالين، و إقامة الحجة و المعذرة على المعاندين المكابرين، ووضع الثواب و العقاب مواضعها، و تنزيل الأمور منازلها إلى غير ذالك من التدبير و التصرف في مملكته بما شاء سبحانه
And from the meanings of His Mulk: Revealing Books, sending Messengers, guiding the ‘Alameen (all of mankind, Jinn, and all that exists), showing the way to the astray, establishing the proofs and excuses against the stubborn, arrogant (opponents), setting reward and punishment in their right places, and placing all matters in their places, and so forth of matters of management and disposal in His kingdom with what He wills.
Allaah’s disposal is in accordance to what He wills, which is based on His Knowledge and Wisdom. Out of Allaah’s Mercy, He sent Books and Messengers and established signs to guide the people. He sends decrees to the heedless to awaken them from their deep heedlessness. We’ve all heard about experiences some people had who were heedless and astray, and then a calamity befell them and woke them up. Then, it’s perceivable that a person’s calamity can be the cause for his righteousness.
Of Allaah’s Mercy is that He exposes the falsehood of the disbelievers. How many were non-Muslims, then Allaah showed them their falsehood, and this made them convert to Islam? Allaah casts certainty in the hearts of the believers and His Beneficence descends upon them continuously.
The Prophet ﷺ said:
إِنَّ لِلَّهِ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ اسْمَا مِائَةً إِلاَّ وَاحِدًا مَنْ أَحْصَاهَا دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ
“Allaah has ninety nine Names, one hundred minus one, whoever أحصاها will enter Paradise.” [Agreed upon]
Who does not want to live eternally in Paradise?
In order to be of the people mentioned in the aforementioned Hadeeth, we should:
a) Know the meaning of every Name of Allaah
b) Know the impact of the Attribute the Name implies
c) Worship Allaah by the Name
d) Memorize the Name
Part 2 of the Name of Allaah, Al Malik explains three matters that should come to our minds when we hear the Name of Allaah – Al Malik.
Impacts of Believing in the Name الملك (Al-Malik)
The Name Al Malik Al Mulk is derived from the word “ملك”, “يمْلك”, “مِلْك” (To possess a thing and have full authority over its disposal). The name Al-Malik is mentioned in the Qur’an in five positions in the Qur’an which were explained in part 1 of this article.
Part 2 picks off from the Meaning of the name Al- Malik, Al Maleek with regards to Allaah.
Shaikh ‘Abdur-Razzaq Al-Badr said in his book “Fiqh Al-Asmaa”:
و هذان الإسمان دالان على أن الله سبحانه ذوالملك، أي المالك لجميع الأشياء المتصرف فيها بلا ممانعة و لا مدافعة،
These two Names (Al-Malik, Al-Maleek) indicate that Allaah is the Owner of the whole dominion; i.e. the Owner of all things Who has full power over them without resistance or hindrance.
و الملك يرجع إلى أمور ثلاثة:
And His Kingship goes back to three matters:
Whenever you hear Allaah Al-Malik, remember that is related to the following three matters:
1) Matters related to His Attributes
2) Matters related to those whom He Owns
3) His relationship and dealings with those whom He Owns Read the rest of this entry
This Name is derived from the word “ملك”, “يمْلك”, “مِلْك” (To possess a thing and have full authority over its disposal)
The whole dominion is called Malakout ملكوت.
- This Name Al-Malik is mentioned in the Qur’an in five positions:
1 – Surat Ta-Ha [20:114]:
“Then High above all be Allaah, the True King. And be not in haste [O Muhammad (ﷺ )] with the Qur’an before its revelation is completed to you, and say: “My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”
2 – Surat al-Mu’minoon [23:116]:
“So Exalted be Allaah, the True King, La ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Lord of the Supreme Throne!”
3 – Surat al-Hashr [59:23]:
“He is Allaah other than Whom there is La ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) the King, the Holy, the One Free from all defects, the Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, the All-Mighty, the Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allaah! (High is He) above all that they associate as partners with Him.”
4 – Surat an-Naas [114:2]:
“The Ilah (God) of mankind,”
5 – Surat al-Jumu’ah [62:1]:
“Whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth glorifies Allaah, the King (of everything), the Holy, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.”
It is mentioned in restricted form in this position.
- The name Al-Maleek is mentioned once, in Surat al-Qamar [54:54-55]:
“Verily, The Muttaqun (pious), will be in the midst of Gardens and Rivers (Paradise).”
“In a seat of truth (i.e. Paradise), near the Omnipotent King (Allaah, the All-Blessed, the Most High, the Owner of Majesty and Honor).”
- The name Al-Maalik means the Owner. It is mentioned in two positions in the Qur’an, but only in the restricted form.
In Surat al-Fatihah [1:3]:
“The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)”
And in Surat ‘Aal-Imran [3:26]:
Say [O Muhammad (ﷺ )]: “O Allaah! Possessor of the kingdom, You give the kingdom to whom You will, and You take the kingdom from whom You will, and You endue with honor whom You will, and You humiliate whom You will. In Your Hand is the good. Verily, You are Able to do all things.”
It is mentioned in the unrestricted form in the Sunnah. The Prophet ﷺ mentioned said:
أَغْيَظُ رَجُلٍ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَأَخْبَثُهُ وَأَغْيَظُهُ عَلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ كَانَ يُسَمَّى مَلِكَ الأَمْلاَكِ لاَ مَلِكَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ
The most wretched person in the sight of Allaah on the Day of Resurrection and the worst person and target of His wrath would be the person who is called Malik al-Amlak (the King of Kings) for there is no king but Allaah. [Muslim #2143]
The Difference between Al-Malik (The King) and Al-Maalik (The Owner):
Ash-Shawkani said that the Scholars differed with regards to the two names Malik and Maalik. Some of them said that the name Malik is more intensive and general, because every king owns, but not every owner can be a king, and because the command of the king is executed upon the owner. Others said Maalik is more general and intensive than Malik when praising Allaah because He is the Owner of mankind and the whole dominion. The truth is that every Attribute has a specialty that is not found in the other one. [Faid Al-Qadeer]