Category Archives: The Name of Allaah: Al-Malek Al-Mulk

The Name of Allaah: Al-Malek Al-Mulk

This Name is derived from the word “ملك”, “يمْلك”, “مِلْك” (To possess a thing and have full authority over its disposal)

The whole dominion is called Malakout ملكوت.

  • This Name Al-Malik  is mentioned in the Qur’an in five positions:

1 – Surat Ta-Ha [20:114]:

“Then High above all be Allaah, the True King. And be not in haste [O Muhammad (ﷺ )] with the Qur’an before its revelation is completed to you, and say: “My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”

2 – Surat al-Mu’minoon [23:116]:

“So Exalted be Allaah, the True King, La ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Lord of the Supreme Throne!”

3 – Surat al-Hashr [59:23]:

“He is Allaah other than Whom there is La ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) the King, the Holy, the One Free from all defects, the Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, the All-Mighty, the Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allaah! (High is He) above all that they associate as partners with Him.”

4 – Surat an-Naas [114:2]:

“The Ilah (God) of mankind,”

5 – Surat al-Jumu’ah [62:1]:

“Whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth glorifies Allaah, the King (of everything), the Holy, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.”

It is mentioned in restricted form in this position.

  • The name Al-Maleek is mentioned once,  in Surat al-Qamar [54:54-55]:

“Verily, The Muttaqun (pious), will be in the midst of Gardens and Rivers (Paradise).”

“In a seat of truth (i.e. Paradise), near the Omnipotent King (Allaah, the All-Blessed, the Most High, the Owner of Majesty and Honor).”

  • The name Al-Maalik means the Owner. It is mentioned in two positions in the Qur’an, but only in the restricted form. 

In Surat al-Fatihah [1:3]:

“The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)”

And in Surat ‘Aal-Imran [3:26]:

Say [O Muhammad (ﷺ )]: “O Allaah! Possessor of the kingdom, You give the kingdom to whom You will, and You take the kingdom from whom You will, and You endue with honor whom You will, and You humiliate whom You will. In Your Hand is the good. Verily, You are Able to do all things.”

It is mentioned in the unrestricted form in the Sunnah. The Prophet ﷺ mentioned said:

أَغْيَظُ رَجُلٍ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَأَخْبَثُهُ وَأَغْيَظُهُ عَلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ كَانَ يُسَمَّى مَلِكَ الأَمْلاَكِ لاَ مَلِكَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ

The most wretched person in the sight of Allaah on the Day of Resurrection and the worst person and target of His wrath would be the person who is called Malik al-Amlak (the King of Kings) for there is no king but Allaah. [Muslim #2143]

The Difference between Al-Malik (The King) and Al-Maalik (The Owner):

Ash-Shawkani said that the Scholars differed with regards to the two names Malik and Maalik. Some of them said that the name Malik is more intensive and general, because every king owns, but not every owner can be a king, and because the command of the king is executed upon the owner. Others said Maalik is more general and intensive than Malik when praising Allaah because He is the Owner of mankind and the whole dominion. The truth is that every Attribute has a specialty that is not found in the other one. [Faid Al-Qadeer]

 

 

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