Impacts of Believing in the Name of Allah العليم
And Allah mentioned that His Knowledge encompasses the secrets, the open, the unseen, and the seen.
f) Surah Ta-Ha [20:110]:
“He (Allah) knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them (in the Hereafter), and they will never encompass anything of His Knowledge.”
No matter how much knowledge a person may have, he will never be able to encompass any of Allah’s Attributes. The Knowledge we have is nothing in comparison to the Knowledge of Allah. “و لا يحيطون به علما”
We only know what He taught us.
NOTE: All the narrations which say that the distance between the heavens and earth is 500 years have a dispute with regards to its authenticity. Allah Knows the distance. But there are seven heavens, the Kursi, Water, the Throne, and Allah is above the Throne. Though He is the Most High, He knows everything that happens in the earth and in the universe. He sees the black ant walking over the black rock in the darkness of the night. He knows what is in our hearts, he knows the fraud of the eyes, what thoughts go through our mind. Have we given Allah His due estimate? Read the rest of this entry
And Allah mentioned that His Knowledge encompasses the secrets, the open, the unseen, and the seen.
Ibn Uthaymeen رحمه الله said that the heart is always concerned and intending to do things. It either is preoccupied with intending good, or preoccupied with intending evil.
The Prophet ﷺ said:
“إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَتَبَ الْحَسَنَاتِ وَالسَّيِّئَاتِ، ثُمَّ بَيَّنَ ذَلِكَ
“Allah ordered (the appointed angels over you) that the good and the bad deeds be written, and He then showed (the way) how (to write).
فَمَنْ هَمَّ بِحَسَنَةٍ فَلَمْ يَعْمَلْهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ لَهُ عِنْدَهُ حَسَنَةً كَامِلَةً،
If somebody intends to do a good deed and he does not do it, then Allah will write for him a full good deed (in his account with Him);
e.g. He wants to perform ablution to recite the Quran. If he does not do it, regardless if it is intentional or unintentional, it will be written as a good deed for him.
فَإِنْ هُوَ هَمَّ بِهَا فَعَمِلَهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ لَهُ عِنْدَهُ عَشْرَ حَسَنَاتٍ إِلَى سَبْعِمِائَةِ ضِعْفٍ إِلَى أَضْعَافٍ كَثِيرَةٍ،
and if he intends to do a good deed and actually did it, then Allah will write for him (in his account) with Him (its reward equal) from ten to seven hundred times to many more times:
The difference in reward is according to how much sincerity the person has and how much he follows the Sunnah. Ibn Othaimeen رحمه الله said that the more sincere a person is, and the more he follows the Sunnah, the more his reward will be. The less his sincerity, the less he follows the Sunnah, the less reward he will get. This is why the reward varies between people, although they may have performed the same deed. Read the rest of this entry
Although majority of the Muslims know the meaning of the Name of Allah العليم, the impact of believing in it is very weak in our lives. This Name implies the Attribute of العلم (Knowledge).
Knowledge is a common attribute between the creation and Allah. How can we practice Tawheed with regards to it? To single Allah’s Knowledge out with Perfection. In order to do so, we need to compare our knowledge with Allah’s Knowledge.
The knowledge of humans is preceded with ignorance and is followed with forgetfulness. Allah’s knowledge is perfect; it is neither preceded with ignorance, nor followed with forgetfulness..
Allah’s Knowledge is vast, it comprehends everything, it surrounds everything. Nothing escapes from Allah’s Knowledge, no matter how min it may be. Allah therefore usually mentions “إحاطة علمه” with the plots of the disbelievers and hypocrites. Console your heart; no matter how much they are plotting, Allah is there for you. His knowledge encompasses everything and He will take them into account for it. This will prevent you from feeling fear. Read the rest of this entry
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Impacts of Believing in the Name of Allah العليم
1) Allah mentioned the vastness of His Knowledge in many verses.
In his explanation of Allah’s Name العليم in فقه الأسماء الحسنى, Sheikh Abdur-Razzaq Al-Badr (حفظه الله) said:
a) In Surah Al-An’am [6:80]
“His people disputed with him. He said: “Do you dispute with me concerning Allah while He has guided me, and I fear not those whom you associate with Allah in worship. (Nothing can happen to me) except when my Lord (Allah) wills something. My Lord comprehends in His Knowledge all things. Will you not then remember?”
Allah knows about His worshippers, what they need, how they feel, what they are seeking, and He will accordingly give it to them. But these idols do not have any knowledge. So it is Allah who deserves to be worshipped?
b) In Surah Ghafir [40:7]
“Those (angels) who bear the Throne (of Allah) and those around it glorify the praises of their Lord, and believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah) (saying): “Our Lord! You comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge, so forgive those who repent and follow Your Way, and save them from the torment of the blazing Fire!”
The Bearers of the Throne are above the 7 Heavens, carrying the Throne of Allah. And yet they pray for the believers on earth – specifically those who transgressed against themselves and then repented to Allah.
Allah Knows about the repentance of the people, their real state, if they really feel remorse over the sin and abandoned it. This is why the Angels said, “ربنا وسعت كل شيء رحمة و علما” – “Our Lord! You comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge”
It is as if they are saying: O Allah you know that they committed sins before, and you know what the sin they committed are, and they are repenting to you, and you know if their repentance is true; if they are feeling regret and remorse, because Your Knowledge encompasses everything. So forgive their sins.
We ask Allah’s forgiveness using this du’a. Say “ربي وسعت كل شيء رحمة و علما فاغفرلي” (O my Lord, You encompass everything in mercy and knowledge, so forgive me)
This supplication demonstrates your belief in the Knowledge and Mercy of Allah, and this is more deserving of being accepted.
2) And Allah mentioned that He surrounds everything with His Knowledge.
a) Surah Talaq [65:12]
“It is Allah Who has created seven heavens and of the earth the like thereof (i.e. seven). His Command descends between them (heavens and earth), that you may know that Allah has power over all things, and that Allah surrounds (comprehends) all things in (His) Knowledge.”
Allah encompasses everything in His Great Dominion with His Knowledge. Nothing is hidden from His Knowledge; Nothing escapes his Knowledge.
b) Surah Aal-Imran [3:120]
“If a good befalls you, it grieves them, but if some evil overtakes you, they rejoice at it. But if you remain patient and become Al-Muttaqun (the pious), not the least harm will their cunning do to you. Surely, Allah surrounds all that they do.”
Allah consoles the believers and threatens the disbelievers in this verse. The state of the disbelievers is that it grieves them whenever they see any good befalling the believers and rejoice when any evil overtakes them.
In this verse, Allah assures the believers that no harm will touch because of what the disbelievers plot under two conditions:
1) “تصبروا” – being Patient
2) “تتقوا” – Practicing Taqwa
No matter what they plot against you, they will never harm you. Why?
“إن الله يعملون محيط” – (Because) Allah Encompasses everything they do
Taking the two means of protection results in repulsion of their plot. Allah surrounds them and Allah is Able to repel their plot.
E.g. If, for example, someone comes complaining of the state of the Muslim World, and how the disbelievers are plotting against them, how would you reply to them? Let them plot. If you are patient and have Taqwa of Allah then no harm will touch you.
Patience includes holding your tongue from complaining, gossiping, backbiting, etc. Showing patience when calamities befall us, when obeying Allah, when refraining from disobeying Allah.
Taqwa is by acting upon the command of Allah and avoiding the prohibitions of Allah, not by plotting back against the person Usually, the plot is hidden. We do not know about it; but Allah Knows. He Surrounds everything in His Knowledge.
Do not be afraid and do not plot back against that person, even if you know who it is. And if you do not know, it is not required from you to look for the person who is trying to plot against you is. You should focus on obeying Allah and practicing Taqwa in your life. Their plot will never harm you, because Allah is Able to repel their harm from you. Just be patient and have Taqwa.
c) Surah Hud [11:91-92]
“They said: “O Shu’aib! We do not understand much of what you say, and we see you a weak (man, it is said that he was a blind man) among us. Were it not for your family, we should certainly have stoned you and you are not powerful against us.” When Shu’ayb عليه السلام told them to ask forgiveness, that Allah is Wadood, they said that they did not understand what he was saying and threatened to kill him. What was Shu’ayb عليه السلام’s response? “He said: “O my people! Is then my family of more weight with you than Allah? And you have cast Him away behind your backs. Verily, my Lord is surrounding all that you do.”
If you notice the “إحاطة العلم الله” is mostly used as a response to those who attack or threaten the believers. This has a similar meaning to the verse in Surah Aal-Imran. Allah is Able to repel their plotting and harm. If you go through a similar situation,where someone threatens you, then if you are on the right path, your belief that Allah surrounds and encomapasses everything with His Knowledge should make you strong. As long as you are patient and have Taqwa of Allah, no harm will touch you. The people of falsehood may sometimes overcome the believers, and this is a test from Allah for your belief and truthfulnessIf you go through a similar situation, sooner or later Allah will elevate your fame, or even after your death, or on the Day of Judgement. But have sure belief that this will happen.
Al-Bukhari went through a calamity at the end of his life. People forged a lie against him in order for people to not to come to his gatherings. They claimed that he had the wrong belief in Allah and the Qur’an. He left his own village, and died. But after his death, Allah elevated his fame. And look at Bukhari رحمه الله, it has been over a 1000 years, and now everyone says Bukhari along with رحمه الله. Millions of people send mercy on him. And his book is the most authentic after the Qur’an. Allah is the One who elevated him.
The life of this world is a battle between Patience, Taqwa, and your Rights. The one who shows patience and practices Taqwa will take his rights after some time. Patience and Taqwa is our weapon in facing the calamities in this life. And Allah will never let the reward of the Muhsineen go in vain.
d) In Surah Nisa [4:108]
“They conceal [their evil intentions and deeds] from the people, but they cannot conceal [them] from Allah , and He is with them [in His knowledge] when they spend the night in such as He does not accept of speech. And ever is Allah of what they do, encompassing.”
This is in the context of the hypocrites. They hide their crimes from men, but not from Allah. When they leave the Prophet ﷺ and go home, they plot at night against him. Most of the verses about the إحاطة العلم الله is regarding plotting, because plotting is usually hidden, and no one knows about it except Allah. This is like a person who is smiling at you and hiding a dagger behind his back to kill you. He does not know that Allah is surrounding him with Knowledge.
Being aware that Allah is with us with His Knowledge will cause one to show shyness infront of Allah.You would feel shy to conceal an ill-intention, saying and doing things contrary to what your heart conceals.
It is not of the attitude of the believers to plot against others. The one who hides his crime from people and does not hide his crime from Allah is not a sincere person. The sign of sincerity is that the deeds of the person in front of people is the same as when he is alone in his house. There is no difference his state in front of the people nor when he is alone in his house. The praise of the people does not affect him, nor does the blame of the people, nor does the punishment of the people, nor the reward and gifts from the people. He is the same person and performs the same deeds whether the people praise or dispraise him, whether they give him or do not give him, whether he is alone or in public.
Due to the lack of belief that Allah’s knowledge encompasses everything the hypocrites hid their crimes from the people. and plotted behind their backs. They show that they are good in front of people, whilst hiding the knife behind their backs. Allah Knows about Everything.
One of the Noble Names of Allah is Al-‘Aleem; which Allah mentioned in over 150 verses in the Qur’an. This Name implies the Attribute of العلم (Knowledge) which is a صفة ذاتية (Intrinsic Attribute); Allah has always been attributed with Knowledge, and will always be attributed with it. It is an eternal attribute which never stops at any moment or any time.
Allah created the creation, and He Knows about His creation.
Surah Al-Baqarah Verse 29
هُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ لَكُم مَّا فِي الْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا ثُمَّ اسْتَوَىٰ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ فَسَوَّاهُنَّ سَبْعَ سَمَاوَاتٍ ۚ وَهُوَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ
He it is Who created for you all that is on earth. Then He Istawa (rose over) towards the heaven and made them seven heavens and He is the All-Knower of everything.
As As-Sa’di mentioned: In many verses in the Qur’an, Allah connected His Creation with His Knowledge, to emphasize that He Created everything and knows about everything He Created. It is impossible that Allah created something and does not know about it. He Knows what benefits His Creation and He accordingly set laws for us.
How can we judge Allah, His Actions and Laws with our deficient minds? This is due to lack of belief in Allah’s Name العليم, and this is what is happening nowadays.
Our belief should affect our behavior.
Surah Ibrahim Verse 24
أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ ضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلًا كَلِمَةً طَيِّبَةً كَشَجَرَةٍ طَيِّبَةٍ أَصْلُهَا ثَابِتٌ وَفَرْعُهَا فِي السَّمَاءِ
See you not how Allah sets forth a parable? – A goodly word as a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches (reach) to the sky (i.e. very high).
Allah sets a parable of a goodly tree, which resembles faith in the heart of the believer. The firmer its roots are fixed, the higher the branches extend in the sky. If لا اله الا الله is fixed firmly in our hearts, and we fulfill all the conditions, the branches of our faith (which are our deeds) will raise up to Allah. Allah will then accordingly accept these deeds and give us the fruit.
Impacts of Believing in the Name of Allah العليم
Shaykh Abdul-Razaq Al-Badr mentioned his book Fiqh AlAsmaa:
And there has come in the Qur’an vast explanations on the Knowledge of Allah, and that it extends to everything, and that Allah has encompassed everything in Knowledge.
Then he mentioned examples:
1) Surah Al-An’am Verse 80
وَحَاجَّهُ قَوْمُهُ ۚ قَالَ أَتُحَاجُّونِّي فِي اللَّهِ وَقَدْ هَدَانِ ۚ وَلَا أَخَافُ مَا تُشْرِكُونَ بِهِ إِلَّا أَن يَشَاءَ رَبِّي شَيْئًا ۗ وَسِعَ رَبِّي كُلَّ شَيْءٍ عِلْمًا ۗ أَفَلَا تَتَذَكَّرُونَ
His people disputed with him. He said: “Do you dispute with me concerning Allah while He has guided me, and I fear not those whom you associate with Allah in worship. (Nothing can happen to me) except when my Lord (Allah) wills something. My Lord comprehends in His Knowledge all things. Will you not then remember?
This is regarding Ibrahim عليه السلام.
“وسع ربي كل شيء علما“ – “My Lord comprehends in His Knowledge all things.”
Why did Ibrahim عليه السلام use this particular Attribute of Allah when disputing with his people who were Idolaters?
To Emphasize: Who deserves to be worshipped? The Idols or Allah? Do your Idols know everything? Even if they know, does their knowledge encompass everything? This is proof that Allah deserves التأليه (Deification); because His Knowledge encompasses everything. The One who deserves to be feared and worshipped is the One whose Knowledge is vast.
If my guardian has no knowledge of what I need, feel, and want, then how will he dispose my affairs? How will he nurture me? How will he fulfill my needs? Why will I waste my time with him?
While Allaah, is The All-Knower. He knows what I feel, even if I do not speak. He knows what is good for me and what is not good for me. He knows what I need. This is why I have hope in Him and am attached to Him. These idols do not know what I want, need, and feel. So who deserves my hearts attachment?
Allah knows about all the billions of creations. Your idols do not even know the person in front of them, so what about the rest of the creation? The Attribute of the True مدبر is that He has vast Knowledge.
This is the way, Ibrahim عليه السلام refuted his people; By mentioning the Knowledge of Allah.
2) Surah Ghafir Verse 7
الَّذِينَ يَحْمِلُونَ الْعَرْشَ وَمَنْ حَوْلَهُ يُسَبِّحُونَ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّهِمْ وَيُؤْمِنُونَ بِهِ وَيَسْتَغْفِرُونَ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا رَبَّنَا وَسِعْتَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ رَّحْمَةً وَعِلْمًا فَاغْفِرْ لِلَّذِينَ تَابُوا وَاتَّبَعُوا سَبِيلَكَ وَقِهِمْ عَذَابَ الْجَحِيمِ
Those (angels) who bear the Throne (of Allah) and those around it glorify the praises of their Lord, and believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah) (saying): “Our Lord! You comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge, so forgive those who repent and follow Your Way, and save them from the torment of the blazing Fire!
Before the Angels ask Allah, they praise Him first. And this is the manner of making دعاء.
“ربنا وسعت كل شيء رحمة و علما” – “Our Lord! You comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge”
What is the wisdom of using this particular Attribute of Allah along with Forgiveness? Allah Knows what we have committed of sins, He Knows what state we committed the sin in, and when we committed it. We forget, but Allah never forgets. He Knows what we have done in detail.
If you want forgiveness of all your sins, then ask Allah by His Vast Knowledge. – O Allah you know what I did in the past, even if I forgot. Forgive all my sins, the minor and the major, the open and the secret, etc.
3) Surah Ta-Ha [20:98]:
“Your Ilah (God) is only Allah, the One (La ilaha illa Huwa) (none has the right to be worshipped but He). He has full knowledge of all things.”
This verse is mentioned after the story of As-Samiri.
Allah mentioned the punishment of Samiri, “لا مساس” – to not be touched; which is a strange punishment. This is because Samiri touched what he should not have touched. He took a handful of the sand from the hoofprint of Jibreel عليه السلام and threw it in the fire which the ornaments of the People of Pharoah were in, then took out a calf, claiming it was God.
The Scholars have three opinions with regards to “لا مساس”:
1) If anyone touched him, both Samiri and that person would be sick from a fever. This is the preponderant opinion.
2) He was forbidden from associating with people. This is not a strong opinion.
3) His offspring will be cut off; he cannot touch any woman. This is also a weak opinion.
Samiri was totally isolated, and this teaches us we should abandon the sinner, especially those who commit Shirk and Bid’ah.
After Allah mentioned the punishment of Samiri, He mentioned the above verse.
What is the connection between the previous story/ Uloohiyah and Allah’s Knowledge comprehending all things? Bani Israeel worshipped the calf besides Allah which is why Allah emphasizes again who deserves to be worshipped – the One whose Knowledge comprehends all things. This is the second verse we have come across where the Uloohiyah of Allah is connected with His Knowledge. How can they worship the calf and leave Allah, whose Knowledge encompasses everything?
When you believe that Allah Knows about your state, deeds, sins, then you would hope, fear, and expect from Him. But when you worship something which does not know what you did, want, and feel, does he deserve that you put your needs at his gate? Rather you put your needs at the gate of the one who knows.
What makes you practice your fear, love, Tawakkul, hope, although they are hidden actions of the heart? When you know Allah’s Knowledge encompasses everything. He Knows about your love, hope, fear, reliance. This is the relationship between the slave and his God.