Compiled by Umm Umamah Al-Athariyah
3) The Student of Knowledge should refrain from excessive talking and laughing in the assemblies of knowledge
These assemblies are encircled by angels who are taking the names of those who are attending. Those angels mention the names to Allaah, and Allaah mentions their names to those who are present with Him in the Highest Dwellings. Therefore, the student of knowledge should sit in a dignified and tranquil manner, as was the behavior of our righteous predecessors.
Usamah ibn Shareeq رضي الله عنه narrated: “We sat with the Prophet ﷺ as if there were birds perched on our heads. None of us would speak. [While we were in that state] a group of people came and said, ‘Who are the most beloved servants to Allaah?’ He ﷺ said, ‘Those who are best in conduct.‘”[Saheeh At-Targheeb and graded Saheeh by Al-Albaani]
Muhammad ibn al-Hasan, the companion of Imam Abu Hanifa, once entered the assembly of Imam Maalik. He said: “I entered the assembly of Imam Maalik and I saw his students sitting in front of him as if there were birds perched on their heads. I said, “As-Salaam Alaikum.” None of them replied except Imam Maalik. I said, “What is the matter with you, are you in prayer?” They stared at me with the sides of their eyes and did not talk.”This is how they venerated and honored these gatherings of knowledge. Read the rest of this entry
Ibn Al-Qayyim رحمه الله said that the good manners of a person indicate his success and happiness, and his impoliteness indicates his wretchedness and ruin. There is nothing like good manners in attaining the good of this world and the Hereafter, and there is nothing like bad manners in causing deprivation of the good in this world and the Hereafter. [Madaarij As-Salikeen 2/391]
The Scholars of the past and present emphasized the matter of manners in their books and assemblies. This is because the gatherings of knowledge are where the student of knowledge begins to learn.
The Salaf used to respect and venerate the gatherings of knowledge because they knew its status with Allaah. There are many narrations from the Prophet ﷺ which emphasize the importance of the gatherings of knowledge. For example, he ﷺ said:
مَا جَلَسَ قَوْمٌ مَجْلِسًا, يَذْكُرُونَ اَللَّهَ إِلَّا حَفَّتْ بِهِمُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ, وَغَشِيَتْهُمُ الرَّحْمَةُ, وَذَكَرَهُمُ اللَّهُ فِيمَنْ عِنْدَهُ
“People will not sit in an assembly in which they remember Allaah without the angels surrounding them, mercy covering them, and Allaah mentioning them among those who are with Him.” [Muslim] Read the rest of this entry
If the slave wishes for his heart to be filled with the love and magnification of Allaah, he should learn more about Him. Knowledge about Allaah increases ones love and magnification of Him, and love and magnification are the pillars of deification. When love and magnification are present in the heart of a slave, he will confess لا إله إلا الله, and the deification of Allaah will be perfected in his heart.
The Name Ar-Razzaq is included in the name Al-Qayoom
Allaah is Al-Qayoom (The Self-Subsisting Who is eternal). He is the One Who stands in charge of every soul by bringing it to existence, sustaining it, protecting it, guiding it, etc. Because Al-Qayoom is the One Who stands in charge of the creation by creating and sustaining them, the Name Ar-Razzaq is included in the meaning of the Name Al-Qayoom.
The Name Ar-Razzaq is included in the Name Al-Malik
Al-Malik is the One Who owns the whole dominion and has full power over it without any opposition or resistance. He is attributed with perfect attributes and He disposes the affairs of His dominion with His perfect attributes: i.e. His perfect power, might, ability, knowledge, wisdom, executive will, compassion, mercy, etc.
All in His dominion are slaves to Him and belong to Him. They stand in need of Him and are compelled to seek His help in all their affairs. None can exit from His dominion and none can be self-sufficient aside from Him. Read the rest of this entry
- If you know that Allaah is the All-Provider, you will live mentally stable in this life.
All of creation, without exclusion, live in this life enjoying the provision of Allaah. Ever since the human was in the womb of his mother, Allaah has been providing for him. The compassion of the parents towards the unborn baby is a provision from Allaah. There are some parents who have no compassion, so when you see that, you know this is a provision from Allaah. Even if someone visits you, that visit is a provision from Allaah. Both spiritual and materialistic matters are provisions from Allaah.
Many parents grow old and complain that their children do not visit them. One should realize that the visit of their children; their call, their care, is a provision from Allaah. If you understand Who Allaah is, you would not become upset with people.
Even the feelings of love, care and acceptance, are provisions from Allaah. There are people who are loved and accepted wherever they go, and there are others who are not liked wherever they go. If you understand that this love and acceptance are provisions from Allaah, you would be calm and not complain or be upset. Read the rest of this entry
The importance of studying Allaah’s Name Ar-Razzaq is the present time
During the Jahiliyyah (Days of Ignorance) before Islam, people used to kill their children out of fear of poverty. What made them do that? There was something important missing from their minds – and that is the concept of Rizq. Allaah says in Surat Al-Israa’ [17:30]:
We must believe in the fact that Allaah is the One Who gives and prevents. He is the One Who extends the provision to whomever He wills, and He is the One Who restricts it. If the people had understood this matter they would not have killed their children. Therefore, at the end of the verse, Allaah says:
إنه بعباده خبيرا بَصِيرا – Verily, He is Ever All-Aware, All-Seer of His slaves.
Allaah is All-Aware of His servants. He knows who deserves to have His Rizq broadened and who does not. He knows what suits everybody.
إنه = (The reason) التعليلية
I.e. Why does Allaah restrict it for some and extend it for some? Because He is All-Aware, All-Seer.
In verse 31:
“And kill not your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them and for you. Surely, the killing of them is a great sin.” Read the rest of this entry
Those who listen to knowledge differ. They differ in their desires as to what they listen to and they differ in their readiness. Their hopes are not one and their readiness is not one. Rather, their hopes and readiness differ:
- There are some among them who listen to the knowledge whilst they have the desire to learn. These are the majority of the students of knowledge, and all praise is due to Allaah.
- There are among them, those who listen to the knowledge but out of a desire to evaluate the teacher or see his position in knowledge, i.e. how good a teacher he is and how capable he is of teaching.
- There are among them who come one time and are absent ten times.
And there are many types of desires. What concerns us is the one who comes desiring the knowledge. When the student of knowledge comes desiring to learn he should be in a certain mentality and spiritual state.
As for the state of his heart and soul: his intention to acquire knowledge is to remove ignorance from himself. And this is sincerity in acquiring knowledge. Knowledge is an act of worship; therefore, it obligates sincerity. Thus, the most important thing that the student of knowledge should take care of when coming to any class is his sincerity. And sincerity is to intend to remove the ignorance from himself. Read the rest of this entry
Shaikh Saleh Aal-Shaikh mentioned in his explanation of Kitab at-Tawheed:
فإن الاهتمام بالعلم، والرّغب فيه، والحرص عليه، والإقبال عليه، دليل صحة القلوب؛ لأن القلب إذا صحَّ لنفسه، وعرف ما ينفعُه فإنه سيحرِص على العلم؛ ذلك لأن الله جل جلاله مدح أهل العلم، ورفعهم على غيرهم درجات، قال سبحانه ﴿يَرْفَعْ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ دَرَجَاتٍ﴾ [المجادلة:11]، وقال جل وعلا ﴿أَمَّنْ هُوَ قَانِتٌ آنَاءَ اللَّيْلِ سَاجِدًا وَقَائِمًا يَحْذَرُ الْآخِرَةَ وَيَرْجُو رَحْمَةَ رَبِّهِ قُلْ هَلْ يَسْتَوِي الَّذِينَ يَعْلَمُونَ وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ إِنَّمَا يَتَذَكَّرُ أُوْلُوا الْأَلْبَابِ﴾ [الزمر:9], فعدم استواء من يعلم مع من لا يعلم, هذا إنما يذكره ويعيه أهل الألباب؛ (إِنَّمَا يَتَذَكَّرُ أُوْلُوا الْأَلْبَابِ)
Indeed, giving importance to knowledge, desiring it, being keen to attain it, and directing one’s attention to it is an evidence of the wellness of the heart. This is because if the heart is well and recognizes what benefits it, it will be keen to attain knowledge, because Allaah praised the people of knowledge and elevated them above others in ranks. He said in Surat Al-Mujadalah [58:11]:
“Allaah will exalt in degree those of you who believe, and those who have been granted knowledge.”
And in Surat Az-Zumar [39:9]:
“Is one who is obedient to Allaah, prostrating himself or standing (in prayer) during the hours of the night, fearing the Hereafter and hoping for the Mercy of his Lord (like one who disbelieves)? Say: ‘Are those who know equal to those who know not?’ It is only men of understanding who will remember (i.e. get a lesson from Allaah’s Signs and verses).”
The lack of equality between the those who know and those are do not know are only remembered and heeded by the Ulol Albab (Men of Understanding). Read the rest of this entry