Category Archives: Sacred Months, Times and Places

The Sacredness of Makkah and Al-Madinah

‘Abdullaah ibn Zaid ibn ‘Aasim (Radia-Allaahuanhu) narrated that Allaah’s Messenger (Salla-Allaahualayhi wa sallam) said: “Ibraheem declared Makkah sacred and made supplication for its people, and I declare Al-Madinah to be sacred, as Ibraheem declared Makkah sacred, and I make supplication for its Saa’ and Mudd (its sustenance to be blessed) twice as much as Ibraheem made supplication for the people of Makkah.” [Agreed upon]

🌿 Commentary:

1- The statement of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahualayhi wa sallam), ‘Ibraheem declared Makkah sacred’ does not contradict what is affirmed in the two Saheehs (Al-Bukhaari and Muslim) from the statement of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahualayhi wa sallam): “Verily Allaah made Makkah sacred on the day He created the Heavens and the Earth” because Allaah is in fact the One Who makes things sacred, whilst Ibraheem [Abraham (‘Alayhis-salaam)] was just a conveyer. The sacredness of Makkah is thus attributed to Ibraheem (‘Alayhis-salaam) in respect of conveying the message, and attributed to Allaah as He is the Lawmaker. Ibraheem (‘Alayhis-salaam) announced the sacredness which had already been affirmed before. Read the rest of this entry

Noble Goals of Hajj (Part 3)

🔗 Read  part two of the three part series ‘Noble Goals of Hajj’ – Part 2

💎 Sixth goal: To Witness Things that are of Benefit to Them

Allaah (Ta’ala) says in Surat al-Hajj (22:27-28):

“And proclaim to mankind the Hajj (pilgrimage). They will come to you on foot and on every lean camel, they will come from every deep and distant (wide) mountain highway (to perform Hajj). That they may witness things that are of benefit to them (i.e. reward of Hajj in the Hereafter, and also some worldly gain from trade, etc.), and mention the Name of Allaah on appointed days (i.e. 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th day of Dhul-Hijjah), over the beast of cattle that He has provided for them (for sacrifice) (at the time of their slaughtering by saying: Bismillaah, wa Allaahu-Akbar, Allaahumma Minka wa Ilaik). Then eat thereof and feed therewith the poor who have a very hard time.”

The benefits of Hajj are numerous and uncountable. Similarly, one cannot enumerate its lessons and admonitions. Allaah (Ta’ala) mentioned the word ‘benefits’ in indefinite form to signify its abundance and diversity (variety). Witnessing the benefits of Hajj is something intended, because the letter Laam in the word “Li-Yash-Hadu” (witness) signifies reason and is linked with the Command in verse 27. Accordingly, the meaning is as follows:  Read the rest of this entry

Noble Goals of Hajj (Part 2)

🔗 Read Part One of the three part series ‘Noble Goals of Hajj’ – Part 1

In part two of the series, we look at two more goals behind performing Hajj. 

💎 Fourth goal: Establishing the Remembrance of Allaah 

From the goals of Hajj is to establish the remembrance of Allaah, as is the noble purpose behind all other righteous deeds. 

Allaah (Ta’ala) says regarding the prayer, in Surat Ta-Ha (20:14):

إِنَّنِي أَنَا اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا أَنَا فَاعْبُدْنِي وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِذِكْرِي 

“Verily! I am Allaah! La ilaaha illa Ana (none has the right to be worshipped but I), so worship Me, and perform As-Salaat Iqaamat-as-Salaat) for My Remembrance.”

Similarly, Hajj, fasting, and all acts of worship have been prescribed for the purpose of establishing the remembrance of Allaah. Therefore, Allaah (Ta’ala) says in Surat al-Baqarah (2:198):

فإذا أفضتم من عرفات فاذكروا الله عند المشعر الحرام واذكروه كما هداكم وإن كنتم من قبله لمن الضالين

“Then when you leave ‘Arafat, remember Allaah (by glorifying His Praises, i.e. prayers and invocations, etc.) at the Mash’ar-il-Haram. And remember Him (by invoking Allaah for all good, etc.) as He has guided you, and verily, you were, before, of those who were astray.”

And in Surat al-Hajj (22:27-28), Allaah (Ta’ala) says: Read the rest of this entry

Noble Goals of Hajj (Part 1)

Hajj is one of the pillars of Islam that a Muslim is obliged to make at least once in his life. It is a great and lofty act of worship and one of the greatest acts with which the believer draws nearer to Allaah. Hajj consists of many noble goals and great purposes through which are sought. In this three part series ‘Noble Goals of Hajj’, eight goals will be presented in detail.

💎 First goal: The Fulfilment of Tawheed 

The greatest goal of Hajj is the fulfilment of the Tawheed of Allaah and disassociation from its opposite; Shirk. This is because Tawheed is the purpose which Allaah has created us for. The great status of Tawheed is clearly shown in the great rites of Hajj and its blessed symbols. Tawheed is the foundation on which the Religion of Allaah is based and by which every act of obedience which the believer performs to draw nearer to Allaah is established. Allaah will not accept any act of worship that is not based on Tawheed and disassociation from Shirk.

🔖Therefore, Jabir (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) narrated in the context of his explanation of the Hajj of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), that he (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) pronounced the Oneness of Allaah (saying): Read the rest of this entry

The Good Deed That Will Save You From The Hellfire

Allah made 4 months sacred in the year: Rajab, Dhul-Qa’dah, Dhul-Hijjah, and Muharram. The Arabs used to magnify these months during the Days of Ignorance and they stop fighting and killing. Even if a man saw the killer of his father he woul would d not seek to retaliate. In Surat at-Tawbah [9:36], Allah says:

“Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year). It was so ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth. Of them four are Sacred, (i.e. the 1st, 7th, 11th and 12th months of the Islamic calendar). That is the right religion, so do not wrong yourselves during them. And fight against the Mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) collectively, as they fight against you collectively. But know that Allah is with those who are Al-Muttaqun.”

Let us not wrong ourselves by committing sins, because sins in this month are more grievous in punishment, and good deeds are multiplied. Read the rest of this entry

Ramadan is opportunity of a lifetime (PART 2)

Sources:

  • Translation of the lecture “Ramadan is an opportunity of a lifetime” by Dr. Nawal al-‘Eid
  • Saheeh at-Targheeb by al-Albaani
  • Riyadus-Saliheen by Daar-us-Salaam

Read the article:Ramadan is the opportunity of a life time” (part 1)

Third: Establishing the night with Qiyaam (Voluntary Prayers)

The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever establishes the night of Ramadan with voluntary prayer (i.e. Taraweeh or Qiyaam) with sincere faith and Ihtisaab [i.e. hoping for the reward from Allaah (Ta’ala)], all his past sins will be forgiven.” [Al-Bukhaari]

Sincere faith means to believe in the promise of Allaah’s granting reward for establishing the night with prayers sincerely for His Sake only.

Ihtisaab is to hope for the reward from only Allaah (Ta’ala) and no one else. It is to hope for the forgiveness of past sins, to hope for attaining Allaah’s love for following the Sunnah of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), to hope for entering Paradise in peace, and so forth.

Abu Dhar al-Ghifaari  (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) narrated that the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever establishes the night prayer with the Imaam till he (the Imaam) finishes, it will be written for him the reward of establishing the whole night [with prayer].” [At-Tirmidhi and authenticated by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jamie’ no. 2417]

Allaah (Ta’ala) praises those who establish the night with prayers in Surat as-Sajdah (32:16) and witnesses for them the complete and perfect faith:

“Their sides forsake their beds, they supplicate their Lord in fear and aspiration, and from what We have provided them, they spend.”

They forego sleep and the desire for resting on a comfortable bed in fear of Allaah’s punishment and in hope of His reward and mercy.

“No person knows what is kept hidden for them of joy as a reward for what they used to do.” [32:17]

Allaah (Ta’ala) will grant them the everlasting joy and delight in Paradise, a fitting reward which suits their deeds. Because they concealed their good deeds, Allaah conceals the reward for them which no eyes have seen and what has never crossed the mind of any man.

       The following Ahadeeth indicate the virtue of establishing the nights with Qiyaam: Read the rest of this entry

Ramadan is opportunity of a lifetime (PART 1)

Sources:

  • Translation of the lecture “Ramadan is an opportunity of a lifetime” by Dr. Nawal al-‘Eid
  • Saheeh at-Targheeb by al-Albaani
  • Riyadus-Saliheen by Daar-us-Salaam

Virtues of the month of Ramadan

  1. The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: When the first night of the month of Ramadan comes, the devils and the defiant Jinn are bound in chains and all the gates of Hell are closed and none of them remain open, and all the gates of Paradise are opened and none of them remain closed, and every night a caller from heaven will announce, ’O seeker of goodness and virtue! Come forward;’ and ‘O evildoer! Halt (desist), and do not come forward;’ and a large number of sinners are released from Hell at the command of Allaah (i.e. decision of forgiveness and deliverance is taken for them), and all this takes place on every night of Ramadan. [Sunan at-Tirmidhi and Ibn Maajah on the authority of Abu Hurairah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) and authenticated by al-Albaani and he graded it Hasan]

The Scholars said: “The gates of Jannah (Paradise) are opened in this month because many righteous deeds are performed and ascend to Allaah (Ta’ala) during these days. Allaah (Ta’ala) loves that the deeds of the believer ascend to Paradise, and the angels are occupied in building his dwellings and palaces and planting gardens for him.” Therefore, while offering the Salaat (prayers) one should feel that the deed is ascending directly to Paradise. This is an encouragement for those who seek Allaah’s reward.

On the other hand, the gates of Hell are closed because only a few sins are committed by the believers, and because of Allaah’s abundant forgiveness for His slaves during these days.

A caller from the heaven will call, “O seeker of goodness and virtue, come forward,” so seek help from Allaah (Ta’ala) and perform good deeds profusely. For those who used to establish the night with three Rak’ah voluntary prayers, let them offer more, and whoever used to give one or ten dinars in charity let him give more.

“O evil doer! Halt (desist)!” Until when will you commit these sins?

During the month of Ramadan, the devils are chained, disallowing them to influence the believers by whispering to them, thereby misguiding them. The evil hidden in man (due to Shaytaan) is weakened, but the self still remains which persistently incites to evil. If a person does not abandon sinning in the month of Ramadan, then this indicates that evil is rooted in the self of that person.

Reasons behind committing sins in the month of Ramadan despite the devils being chained: Read the rest of this entry

The Levels of Fasting the Day of ‘Ashura’

The First Level: To fast the 9th , 10th and 11th. This is the highest rank. This is based on the Hadeeth reported by Ahmad “Fast a day before it and a day after it to oppose the Jews.” And because by fasting the three days, one will get the virtue of fasting three  days of this blessed month.

The Second Level: Fasting the 9th and the 10th. This is based on the statement of the prophet (Salla Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) “If I remain alive till next year, I shall also observe fast on the 9th Muharram (meaning 9th and 10th) to be different form Jews.” He (Salla Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) loved opposing the Jews,

The Third level: To fast the 10th and the 11th.

The Fourth level: To fast the 10th alone. Some scholars said it is Mubaah(allowable) and some said it is Makrooh(disliked). Those who said it is allowable based it on the general statement of the Prophet (Salla Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam): “It is expiation for the sins of the previous year.” Without the mention of the 9th. While those who said it is disliked, said so because the Prophet (Salla Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “fast a day before it and a day after it.”

This obligates one to add a day to it for the sake of differentiation. Therefore opinion that states it is disliked is the strong opinion. Accordingly we see that one should fast the 9th or the 11th along with the tenth.

Source: Liqaa’ Al Baab Al-Maftooh (95) by Shaikh ibn Uthaimeen