Category Archives: The Way to Sincerity

24th April- Dealing with Non-Muslims in a Muslim Country

We live in a Muslim country, and there are disbelievers who live with us. How should we deal with them?
This is an important topic to discuss, especially nowadays, due to what we see of the Khawarij killing people with no just cause while thinking that they’re doing something good.

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24th April- The Permissible Actions towards Non-Muslims

The Permissible Actions towards Non-Muslims

 1) It is permissible for non-Muslims to work in Muslim countries, without giving them authority over the Muslims.

The Prophet ﷺ hired a Mushrik during the Hijrah as a guide, and used the Jews of Khaibar to work on the Farm – and they received half the harvest.

 

2) It is permissible for the Muslim to help the needy amongst the كفار, and their sick people.

Surat Al Baqarah Verse 195: 

وَأَنفِقُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَلَا تُلْقُوا بِأَيْدِيكُمْ إِلَى التَّهْلُكَةِ ۛ وَأَحْسِنُوا ۛ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ 

And spend in the way of Allah and do not throw [yourselves] with your [own] hands into destruction [by refraining]. And do good; indeed, Allah loves the doers of good. 

3) If you have a non-Muslim relative, it is recommended to join relations between them by giving them gifts, visiting them, etc, but don’t take them as companions such that you perpetually are with them (with the exception of your parents) especially if you fear their fitnah. The non-Muslim has a right on you because he’s your relative.

Surat Al Isra Verse 26: 

وَآتِ ذَا الْقُرْبَىٰ حَقَّهُ وَالْمِسْكِينَ وَابْنَ السَّبِيلِ وَلَا تُبَذِّرْ تَبْذِيرًا 

And give the relative his right, and [also] the poor and the traveler, and do not spend wastefully. 

Surat Luqman Verse 15: 

وَإِن جَاهَدَاكَ عَلَىٰ أَن تُشْرِكَ بِي مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ فَلَا تُطِعْهُمَا ۖ وَصَاحِبْهُمَا فِي الدُّنْيَا مَعْرُوفًا ۖ وَاتَّبِعْ سَبِيلَ مَنْ أَنَابَ إِلَيَّ ۚ ثُمَّ إِلَيَّ مَرْجِعُكُمْ فَأُنَبِّئُكُم بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ 

But if they endeavor to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them but accompany them in [this] world with appropriate kindness and follow the way of those who turn back to Me [in repentance]. Then to Me will be your return, and I will inform you about what you used to do. 

Surat Al Mumtahana Verse 8: 

لَّا يَنْهَاكُمُ اللَّهُ عَنِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجُوكُم مِّن دِيَارِكُمْ أَن تَبَرُّوهُمْ وَتُقْسِطُوا إِلَيْهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُقْسِطِينَ 

Allah does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion and do not expel you from your homes – from being righteous toward them and acting justly toward them. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly. 

5) It is recommended to entertain the Kaafir guest, but it is not permissible to accept their invitation because there is showing love for them in doing that. And when you entertain the non-Muslim guest, do so without humiliating yourself to him. Lowering and humiliating yourself to them is Haraam and one of the Major sins.

6) It is permissible to eat with them during occasions without making it a habit.

7) It is permissible to deal with the Kaafir in worldly matters (such as doing business, selling, buying, etc)

-The Prophet dealt with the Jews and bought from them.

-Also after the battle of Badr, the Prophet ransomed the prisoners in return that they teach the Muslim children reading and writing.

8) It is permissible for a Muslim man to marry a woman from the People of the Scriptures (Jews and Christians).

But there are conditions:

1) She should be chaste

2) He and his future children should be safe from her having an effect on their religion.

Due to this, it’s not a recommended practice. It’s better for the Muslim man and his future children that he marry a Muslim woman. ‘Umar bin Khattab used to blame those who got married to non-Muslim women, and recommended that they divorce them. Mothers have more effect on the children than the father.

Surat Al Ma’idah Verse 5: 

الْيَوْمَ أُحِلَّ لَكُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ ۖ وَطَعَامُ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ حِلٌّ لَّكُمْ وَطَعَامُكُمْ حِلٌّ لَّهُمْ ۖ وَالْمُحْصَنَاتُ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَالْمُحْصَنَاتُ مِنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ إِذَا آتَيْتُمُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ مُحْصِنِينَ غَيْرَ مُسَافِحِينَ وَلَا مُتَّخِذِي أَخْدَانٍ ۗ وَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِالْإِيمَانِ فَقَدْ حَبِطَ عَمَلُهُ وَهُوَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ 

This day [all] good foods have been made lawful, and the food of those who were given the Scripture is lawful for you and your food is lawful for them. And [lawful in marriage are] chaste women from among the believers and chaste women from among those who were given the Scripture before you, when you have given them their due compensation, desiring chastity, not unlawful sexual intercourse or taking [secret] lovers. And whoever denies the faith – his work has become worthless, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers. 

The Muslim man is not allowed to marry other than the Jewish and Christian woman, under the consensus of all the scholars. Otherwise his marriage is considered false – he’s considered to have illegal relations between that woman, and all his children with her are considered illegitimate.

Surat Al Baqarah Verse 221:  

وَلَا تَنكِحُوا الْمُشْرِكَاتِ حَتَّىٰ يُؤْمِنَّ ۚ وَلَأَمَةٌ مُّؤْمِنَةٌ خَيْرٌ مِّن مُّشْرِكَةٍ وَلَوْ أَعْجَبَتْكُمْ ۗ وَلَا تُنكِحُوا الْمُشْرِكِينَ حَتَّىٰ يُؤْمِنُوا ۚ وَلَعَبْدٌ مُّؤْمِنٌ خَيْرٌ مِّن مُّشْرِكٍ وَلَوْ أَعْجَبَكُمْ ۗ أُولَٰئِكَ يَدْعُونَ إِلَى النَّارِ ۖ وَاللَّهُ يَدْعُو إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ وَالْمَغْفِرَةِ بِإِذْنِهِ ۖ وَيُبَيِّنُ آيَاتِهِ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَذَكَّرُونَ 

And do not marry polytheistic women until they believe. And a believing slave woman is better than a polytheist, even though she might please you. And do not marry polytheistic men [to your women] until they believe. And a believing slave is better than a polytheist, even though he might please you. Those invite [you] to the Fire, but Allah invites to Paradise and to forgiveness, by His permission. And He makes clear His verses to the people that perhaps they may remember. 

The Muslim woman is forbidden from marrying a non-Muslim.

9) It is permissible for the Muslims to seek the help of the disbelievers against people who transgressed against them.

There are two conditions to be fulfilled:

1) They have no other means of repelling that harm.

2) The Muslims should be safe from the disbelievers’ plotting and harm, and the disbelievers shouldn’t be given military leadership over the Muslims.

10) It is permissible for a Muslim to go to a non-Muslim doctor, if he’s a trustworthy, good person.

11) It is permissible to pay the Zakat to non-Muslims you want to endear Islam to- المؤلفات قلوبهم .

Surat At Tawbah Verse 60: 

إِنَّمَا الصَّدَقَاتُ لِلْفُقَرَاءِ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَالْعَامِلِينَ عَلَيْهَا وَالْمُؤَلَّفَةِ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَفِي الرِّقَابِ وَالْغَارِمِينَ وَفِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ ۖ فَرِيضَةً مِّنَ اللَّهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ 

Zakah expenditures are only for the poor and for the needy and for those employed to collect [zakah] and for bringing hearts together [for Islam] and for freeing captives [or slaves] and for those in debt and for the cause of Allah and for the [stranded] traveler – an obligation [imposed] by Allah . And Allah is Knowing and Wise. 

 

12) It is permissible for a Muslim to partake with a non-Muslim in business, with the condition that the Muslim is the one supervising it. This is in order that nothing unlawful takes place.

13) It is permissible to accept a gift from a Kaafir (other than during their religious festivals – because it’s related to their religious festival and indicates your approval of it) as long as the gift won’t make you feel inferior towards them.

14) It is permissible for the Muslim to work under a company run by the disbelievers, as long as he’s not humiliated, or working doing a personal service (i.e. being a servant) towards them. We shouldn’t feel inferior to them.

[From تسهيل العقيدة الاسلامية by عبد الله بن عبد العزيز الجبرين]

PDF:http://www.with-allah.com/ar/الكتب/الإيمان-بالكتب/تهذيب_تسهيل_العقيدة_الإسلامية.aspx

 

 

 

17th April: The Forbidden Allegiance

The Name of Allah- العزيز has been mentioned in the Qur’an over 90 times. It means that all strength, might, glory, honour, belongs to Allah. He’s dominant over His creation. Nothing can happen without His permission and will. He is perfect in all aspects. Nothing can touch Him with harm. No one can prevent Him from fulfilling His promises. He is unique in His attributes.
When we internalize these facts about Allah, we’d seek honour, glory, support from the One who owns it. He is العزيز, the One who grants the glory, power, victory, and no one else.
Allah defamed the hypocrites in سورة النساء and سورة المائدة for seeking عزة from the disbelievers instead of Allah, and warns us against being like them. If you truly want Allah to honour you, ally with the believers.
This brings us to the topic of:
الولاء و البراء 

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10th April: The Issue of الولاء و البراء – Loyalty and Disloyalty

Allah created us by nature to love being honoured, respected, and supported. One is not blameworthy for seeking it. The problem arises, however, when a person seeks it from other than Allah, or through the wrong means.
One of the characteristics of the hypocrites is that they seek honour by allying with the disbelievers, as Allah mentioned in Surah Al-Maa’idah and Surah An-Nisaa.
The Issue of الولاء و البراء – Loyalty and Disloyalty
الولاء -> To have love, friendship
البراء -> Disassociation
There are many evidences which indicate the obligation of allegiance and loyalty with the believers, and disassociation from the disbelievers – whether they are Jews, Christians, Hindus, Hypocrites, etc.  (Note: Non-Muslim family members have different rulings).

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Preparing for Ramadan (II) – 10th May 2015

We need to perform good deeds with sincerity and remind ourselves of the goal we want to achieve. We must keep the good intention in mind throughout such that we can attain the complete reward of the particular deed.

The heart is called Qalb in Arabic because Qalb literally means turn and the heart is constantly turning. We need to constantly renew our intention and turn our hearts back to Allah to fulfill Tawheed.

In order to do all the good deeds in Ramadan with sincerity, we must train ourselves from now onward.

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Who are the People of Emaan? – Sunday 6th Muharram,1435 (10th November, 2013)

One of the greatest blessings Allah has bestowed upon us is Emaan. Even if the slave has nothing but Emaan, it will be enough for him to save him from the Hell fire.

For if he has Emaan, it will save him from the Hellfire and wash away his sins.

Who are the people of Emaan? Al Emaan is what is established in the heart and proved by the limbs. What is established in your heart about belief in the angels and messengers, manifests through the actions of the tongue and limbs etc.

What is the issue with most of us? We focus on the actions only. What are the conditions that will make us establish Emaan?

The Emaan about the Jinn:  Who are the jinn? They are like us humans. They have families, they eat etc., but one difference is that they are invisible. Read the rest of this entry

The Fruits of Eeman– Sunday 29th Dhul-Hijjah,1434 (3rd November, 2013)

We need to fulfil two conditions when performing any act of worship:

1) Sincerity

2) الإتباع Following the Sunnah of the Prophet

We have to follow the manners of attending the gatherings of knowledge. We will be accounted for the way we sit, listen, ask questions, treat others, etc. These types of gatherings are an act of worship. It is known that the Shaytaan is aware of how beloved the gatherings of knowledge are to Allah. This is why he comes and whispers in each person’s heart, distracting her. Shaytaan is our enemy, trying his best to turn our hearts away. We have to strive hard to repel these whispers from the Shaytaan by seeking refuge with Allah from the Shaytaan, make du’aa asking Allah to help you as He is able to drive away the whispers of the Shaytaan from your heart and make it easy for you to concentrate. If we are seeking the blessing in the knowledge, we have to be sincere and follow the manners of attending the gatherings of knowledge.

In Surah Hujuraat Verse 7:

وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ فِيكُمْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ۚ لَوْ يُطِيعُكُمْ فِي كَثِيرٍ مِّنَ الْأَمْرِ لَعَنِتُّمْ وَلَٰكِنَّ اللَّهَ حَبَّبَ إِلَيْكُمُ الْإِيمَانَ وَزَيَّنَهُ فِي قُلُوبِكُمْ وَكَرَّهَ إِلَيْكُمُ الْكُفْرَ وَالْفُسُوقَ وَالْعِصْيَانَ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الرَّاشِدُونَ

And know that, among you there is the Messenger of Allah (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). If he were to obey you (i.e. follow your opinions and desires) in much of the matter, you would surely be in trouble, but Allah has endeared the Faith to you and has beautified it in your hearts, and has made disbelief, wickedness and disobedience (to Allah and His Messenger Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) hateful to you. These! They are the rightly guided ones,

It is not by our own effort that we become believers, Allah is the one who endeared faith in our hearts. Allah guides whomever he wills to Eeman, and His will is related to His wisdom and knowledge. He knows who deserves to be granted faith.

There are 3 actions of Allah in this verse:

1) Allah made faith endeared to our hearts.

2) He adorned it in our hearts.

3) He made Kufr, Fusooq, and ‘Isyan hateful to our hearts.

Belief in Allah is the greatest deed and it is the best of deeds. Afdhal ul A’maal, Belief in Allah, means believing in His names, attributes, actions and legislation we get to know all this from the Qur’aan.

Narrated Abu Huraira (RadhiAllaahu ‘Anhu): Allah’s Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) was asked, “What is the best deed?” He replied, “To believe in Allah and His Apostle (Muhammad, Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). The questioner then asked, “What is the next (in goodness)? He replied, “To participate in Jihad (religious fighting) in Allah’s Cause”. [Bukhari]

It was narrated that ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud (RadhiAllaahu ‘Anhu) said: “I asked the Messenger of Allah (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) which action is most beloved to Allah? He said: ‘Establishing prayer on time, honouring one’s parents and Jihad in the cause of Allah.'” [An-Nasaai]

Your Salaat is the scale for your eeman. If it is good then it indicates that the eeman is strong in your heart, if it is not then it indicates your Eeman is weak.

The first description Allah described the believers with in Surah Mu’minoon was that they offer the Salaat with humility, concentration and submissiveness. This indicates the importance of eeman. We have to take care of the means of strengthening our Eeman; it is not enough to know that Allah is the creator and the Prophet is the Messenger. The Sahabah took care of increasing their eeman because it is the highest matter in the religion. The Sahabah asked about the deeds pleasing to Allah. They did not ask whether it was Sunnah or obligatory. They wanted to know the most beloved deed regardless if it was obligatory or Sunnah. This was their attitude.

1) It is reported that Mu`adh ibn Jabal (radhiAllaahu ‘anhu) would often say to his companions when they were walking, “Let us sit down and believe for a while.”

2)  It is also narrated that `Abdullah ibn Rawahah (radhiAllaahu ‘anhu), whenever he met one of the sahabah, used to say, “Come, let us believe in our Lord for a while.”

3) Even the rightly-guided khalifah `Umar ibn al-Khattab (radhiAllaahu ‘anhu) used to  say to his companions, “Come on, let us go and increase our faith,”

[Taken from the book of means of increasing and decreasing of Eeman by Shaikh Abdur-Razzaq Al-Badr ] Read the rest of this entry

Fruits of Sincerity – Sunday, 23rd Dec. 2012

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) resembled guidance/knowledge with rain in Surah Ra’d Verse 17:

أَنزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَسَالَتْ أَوْدِيَةٌ بِقَدَرِهَا فَاحْتَمَلَ السَّيْلُ زَبَدًا رَّابِيًا ۚ وَمِمَّا يُوقِدُونَ عَلَيْهِ فِي النَّارِ ابْتِغَاءَ حِلْيَةٍ أَوْ مَتَاعٍ زَبَدٌ مِّثْلُهُ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يَضْرِبُ اللَّهُ الْحَقَّ وَالْبَاطِلَ ۚ فَأَمَّا الزَّبَدُ فَيَذْهَبُ جُفَاءً ۖ وَأَمَّا مَا يَنفَعُ النَّاسَ فَيَمْكُثُ فِي الْأَرْضِ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يَضْرِبُ اللَّهُ الْأَمْثَالَ

He sends down water (rain) from the sky, and the valleys flow according to their measure, but the flood bears away the foam that mounts up to the surface, and (also) from that (ore) which they heat in the fire in order to make ornaments or utensils, rises a foam like unto it, thus does Allaah (by parables) show forth truth and falsehood. Then, as for the foam it passes away as scum upon the banks, while that which is for the good of mankind remains in the earth. Thus Allaah sets forth parables (for the truth and falsehood, i.e. Belief and disbelief).

There are wide valleys and narrow valleys. Similarly, when the guidance of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) comes down there are hearts that can receive abundant knowledge and there are hearts that are narrow. As this rain from the sky comes down and brings a plant, hopefully the knowledge we are learning gives fruits. The knowledge we are seeking should have effects. When we are learning, is the knowledge affecting your heart, changing your way of thinking?

If you notice any change in yourself, it means that this knowledge is beneficial. This is a very important impact; you have to notice the change in yourself.

The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) used to pray to Allaah to make the Qur’an a spring of our hearts. We want the Qur’an to give the same fruit in our hearts, to increase our faith and come closer to Allaah. Bear in mind that you will not be able to benefit from the knowledge unless you are really seeking that knowledge sincerely for Allaah’s sake. Sincerity is something which is very dear, it is not easy to attain. As you become sincere you will see the effect of sincerity in your life.

Among the fruits of sincerity is that Allaah accepts the deed. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) accepts only the deeds which are sincere.

If you are sincere, Allaah will love you. This is something great, that the Lord of the Alameen loves you. This is special.

Another fruit of sincerity is: The person may attain with his good intention abundant rewards which he may not get through his action.

Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) may give reward for the good intention more than the good action.
Abu Musa Al Ashari (Radhia-Allaahu ‘anhu) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, “When a believing slave becomes sick or travels then it will be written to his account a reward equal to what he used to do when he was healthy or residing in his country”

Shaikh Sa’di (Rahimahullaah) said, “Whoever intends to do righteous deeds and he was keen to do it and took all the means but an obstacle prevented him from accomplishing that action, He will get a reward for that intention though he didn’t do it physically”

Shaikh bin ‘Uthaymeen  (Rahimahullaah) said, “Therefore it is incumbent upon a mindful believer not to waste any time of his life. He should always occupy himself in doing good as long as he is healthy and has free time.” As long as you are enjoying good health and free time occupy yourself in doing good deeds, because if you become sick or travel the angel will be writing in your record the same deed you used to do.

Prophet Muhammed (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, “If the person cannot move out of sickness, Allaah will tell the angels to write for His slave the good deeds he used to do when he was healthy, until he becomes healthy or passes away”  The angels will be writing continuously whatever he used to do good deeds.

Have you seen a Lord more generous than Allaah? Even for your intention He will give you abundant rewards.

Jabir bin Abdullah Al-Ansari (May Allah be pleased with them) reported:

We accompanied the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) in an expedition when he said, “There are some men in Al-Madinah who are with you wherever you march and whichever valley you cross. They have not joined you in person because of their illness.” In another version he said: “They share the reward with you.” [Muslim]

It is narrated by Bukhari from Anas bin Malik (Radhia-Allaahu ‘anhu): We were coming back from the battle of Tabuk with the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) when he remarked, “There are people whom we left behind in Al- Madinah who accompanied us in spirit in every pass and valley we crossed. They remained behind for a valid excuse.”

They will get the reward of the mujahideen! This hadith indicates that the one who intends to do the good deed with truthful intention.

There are many people who say they ‘wish’ they could learn. It is not a matter of wishing, you have to be truthful. And Allah knows if you are truthful or not and only then you will get the reward of your intention, even though you didn’t do an action.

Those people left behind wanted to join but they were poor and they couldn’t afford the equipment, thus they have the same reward as their brothers.

Surah Tawbah Verses 120 – 121:

مَا كَانَ لِأَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ وَمَنْ حَوْلَهُم مِّنَ الْأَعْرَابِ أَن يَتَخَلَّفُوا عَن رَّسُولِ اللَّهِ وَلَا يَرْغَبُوا بِأَنفُسِهِمْ عَن نَّفْسِهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ لَا يُصِيبُهُمْ ظَمَأٌ وَلَا نَصَبٌ وَلَا مَخْمَصَةٌ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَلَا يَطَئُونَ مَوْطِئًا يَغِيظُ الْكُفَّارَ وَلَا يَنَالُونَ مِنْ عَدُوٍّ نَّيْلًا إِلَّا كُتِبَ لَهُم بِهِ عَمَلٌ صَالِحٌ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُضِيعُ أَجْرَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

“It was not becoming of the people of Al-Madinah and the bedouins of the neighbourhood to remain behind Allaah’s Messenger (Muhammad Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), when fighting in Allaah’s Cause, and (it was not becoming of them) to prefer their own lives to his life. That is because they suffer neither thirst nor fatigue, nor hunger in the Cause of Allaah, nor they take any step to raise the anger of disbelievers nor inflict any injury upon an enemy , but is written to their credit as a deed of righteousness. Surely, Allaah wastes not the reward of the Muhsinun

وَلَا يُنفِقُونَ نَفَقَةً صَغِيرَةً وَلَا كَبِيرَةً وَلَا يَقْطَعُونَ وَادِيًا إِلَّا كُتِبَ لَهُمْ لِيَجْزِيَهُمُ اللَّهُ أَحْسَنَ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

Nor do they spend anything (in Allaah’s Cause) – small or great – nor cross a valley, but is written to their credit, that Allaah may recompense them with the best of what they used to do (i.e. Allaah will reward their good deeds according to the reward of their best deeds which they did in the most perfect manner).”

Ex. A person intended to go for Hajj or ‘Umrah and she is truthful in her intention. She booked a ticket and packed and was ready to travel. An obstacle might have stopped her, like her period for example. She should not be upset because she will have the reward.

An-Nawawi  (Rahimahullaah) said, “This hadith indicates the virtue of having an intention in doing good. Whoever intended to participate in a battle or any acts of obedience but an excuse prevented him from participation, he will get the reward. As the more grief he shows that he couldn’t go,  the higher the reward will be for him”

Those who wanted to join were CRYING!! They wanted to go but they didn’t have the means. They will share the reward with those who went.

Sahl bin Hanif said, “Whoever asks Allaah for martyrdom truthfully, Allaah will make him attain the rank of the martyrs even if he dies on his bed”  because he asked Allaah truthfully.

Ibn Qayyim (Rahimahullaah) said, “Undoubtedly the reward for one who dies in the cause of Allaah is more than the one who dies on his bed, because the one who dies in the battlefield will have good intention and  nearness to Allaah. The person will have the reward for his intention”

Some may die in the battlefield, but they are tormented on the Day of Judgement  Not everyone who participated will be in the rank of martyrs, because of their intention. Therefore, all matters depend on your intention. Don’t be impressed with someone who is clever we don’t know what is in her heart. Allah knows!

We cannot judge the people and say their intention is not good. This is something serious. No one knows about the intention except Allaah. It is as if you are making yourself a partner with Allaah in knowing the unseen.

We don’t know if they meant to do it but be careful, don’t judge the people with their intention.

Abu Darda (Radhia-Allaahu ‘anhu) narrated that the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, “Whoever retires to his bed at night with the intention to get up for the night prayer and then he was overcome with sleep and missed the prayer, he will have a reward for his intention and his sleep will be considered as a Sadaqah from Allaah for him.” [Sunan An-Nasa’i, 1787]

This hadith indicates that he will get the complete reward for his intention and being truthful and regretting that he missed the Salaat. This is an important action of the heart. You should feel regret that you missed the night prayer.

Ibnu Abdal Barr said, “This hadith signifies that the person is rewarded for his intention in doing the good even if he didn’t do it as long as he was not detained by worldly occupation”  The excuse should be an acceptable excuse.

Abu Kabshah Al-Anmari narrated that Allaah’s Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said,“The world consists of four persons:

  1. A slave whom Allaah provides with wealth and knowledge, so he has Taqwa of his Lord with it, nurtures the ties of kinship with it, and he knows that Allaah has a right in it. So this is the most virtuous rank.

  2. A slave whom Allaah provides with knowledge, but He does not provide with wealth. So he has a truthful intent, saying, ‘If I had wealth, then I would do the deeds of so-and-so with it.’ He has his intention, so their rewards are the same.

  3. A slave whom Allaah provides with wealth, but He does not provide him with knowledge. So he spends his wealth rashly without knowledge, nor having Taqwa of his Lord, nor nurturing the ties of kinship, and he does not know that Allah has a right in it. So this is the most despicable rank.

  4. A slave whom Allah does not provide with wealth or knowledge, so he says, ‘If I had wealth, then I would do the deeds of so-and-so (evil) with it.’ He has his intention, so their sin is the same.” [at-Tirmidhi and Hadith reported as Sahih]

  The two last type of people (3 and 4) will be in the same position in sinfulness (wizr) because of his intention. Because he intended evil, he will have a sin in his record.

The matter of intention is very serious. The scholars said regarding this hadith that the knowledgeable person who is rich is in the highest, and the poor knowledgeable person will have the same reward because he was truthful with his statement. While the other two, because of an evil intention were equal in their sin.

Ibn Taymiyah (Rahimahullaah) said, “This equality in reward and sinfulness is according to who said it truthfully.  Allaah knows the strong will of the person and knows the truthfulness of the person.  If he was not held up he will do it”

How do we know if a person is truthful or not?

If he had the first chance to do the action, he would do it. The person who was truthful to spend the money, Allah knows that if the chance came to him he will immediately do it. While the other person, Allaah knows that if he had the first chance to do evil, he would do it.  So, he is of the same level as the person.

Whoever intends to commit a sin and resolves to do it without taking the means, he is like the person in this hadith.

Whoever intends to commit a sin and took the means to attain it, but was detained due to an obstacle, it will be written for him one sin. If he intended, without taking the means, he will get a sin for only his intention. You have to be able to distinguish between these two:

A man who only intended without taking means -> SIN for his intention

A man who intended and took the means but was detained -> A complete Sin

Example: Shaikh bin ‘Uthaymeen (Rahimahullaah) said, “A thief intends to steal from a house. He brought the ladder, and he climbed, entered the apartment and tried to open the safe, but he couldn’t,  A complete sin will be written for him. If he was in his house and said, “I will steal from this persons house,” but didn’t take the means, he will get a sin for his intention”

This applies to the reward as well. If a person intended to do a good deed without taking the means, he will be rewarded for his good intention. But if he tries to take the means and get tickets to go for ‘Umrah and they didn’t give him the visa or he was detained, he will have the complete reward.

Therefore, you should always have a good intention. Have and intention to go for Hajj. Even if you don’t have the means now, you never know, maybe tomorrow you may have it. You need to try your best and have the intention.

You are dealing with Allaah, Al-Ghafoor, Ash-Shakoor (The Oft-Forgiving , The All-Appreciative) who, even for your intention, will reward you!  If you believe in this name you will never even belittle your intention.

Bear in mind, we are responsible for the actions of our hearts. Like our limbs, the hearts do good and commit sins.You will be rewarded for your good actions of the heart like thinking good of Allaah, hoping from Allaah, fearing Allaah, loving Allaah, having Tawakkul, etc.

And you will be punished for the evil actions of your heart like thinking bad of Allaah, envy, pride, showing off, hypocrisy, self-conceit, arrogance, etc.

The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said,”He who has in his heart the weight of a mustard seed of pride shall not enter Paradise.’‘[Sahih Muslim]

The place of pride is in the heart, therefore we are responsible for the actions of our hearts. Don’t say it is not accountable. Even if you didn’t do it with your limbs, you are responsible for your hearts.